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Progressivism

Grad presentation for ED 550. Philosophy of Education by Charlotte Mizzel and Melissa Ellison.
by

Melissa Ellison

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Progressivism

PROGRESSIVISM What is the purpose of educaiton? How should students be treated? What knowledge is of most worth? Who should decide what is of value? What should be included in the curriculum? What is the role of the teacher? Progressivism makes use of the cognitivist orientation as a method. The goal of education is to arrange meaningful cognitive structure in order to develop capacity and skills to learn more effectively. Basically students learn by doing. Learners are motivated by the basic developmental need to know and understand. Students practice by continued exposure, discovering new relationships that lead to the reorganinzaion of tasks. Practive involves spacing, active discovery, working through problems and situations. The teacher's role is to provide engaging learning activities and an inviting learning environment. Students make the decisions about what should be learned. Real world practical knowledge and skills is of most
value according to the progressivism philosophy . Founding leaders in the 1900's.
Piaget & Dewey Students, teachers, parents, and the community play a great role in the development of curriculum and activities. Students should be treated as contributors to the curriculum. Their interest and concerns are of great importance when designing the curriculum and activities. Some "oppose progressive educational ideas because they have led to practical failure and greater social inequity." (171) Supporters of progressivism believe that "teachers should present new content that would celebrate the culture of the oppressed, and they should also instruct in new methods that would encourage intellectual resistance." (171) Progressivism is the creation of "self-governing learning communities that can lead to true education reform." (178) Parents, teachers, and communities work together to design new schools that address students' needs and interests. These schools place great emphasis on rest for others, personalized instruction, active learning, and the development of the capacity for astute probing though. (178) Progressive education focuses on critical inquiry, curriculum depth, and collaboration and a downplaying of multiple-choice testing, rote memorization, and highly competitive classrooms. Progressivism "encourages active learning, group work, and engagement with the outside world, as it strives to meet the individual needs of each student." (183) Reference:
Williams, Mary. E. (2000).
Education: Opposing Viewpoints. Pp 170-186. Greenhaven Press, Inc. San Diego, California. How does the philosophy of
Progressivism relate to today's classroom? The gap between the real world and schools should be bridged through field trips, internships, and adult mentors. Whether inside or outside the classroom, teachers must stress the relevance of what students are learning to real and current events. The school curriculum should be designed by
teachers to respond to the experiences and needs of
the students. Since students learn effectively through
social interaction, schools should plan for substantial social interaction in their curricula. Students should be active participants in the learning process, involved in democratic class decision makingadn reflective thinking. "Quotes" Progressivism is described as a Student centered/permissive philosophy of education.
This philosophy organizes the schools around the concerns, curiosities and real world experiences of the students to formulate meaningful questions and devise strategies to answer those questions. The answers are discovered through real world experiences. Sometimes referred to as pragmatism-to determine if any idea has merit you test it. Dewey believed people learned best through social interaction in the real world. If the experience had meaning it would endure. Progressivists do not believe the mind can be disciplined by reading the Great Books; therefore, the mind should be trained to analyze experiences thoughtfully and draw conclusions objectively. Students should face an ever changing world using the scientific method: become aware of a problem, define it, propose various hypotheses to solve it, examine the consequences of each hypothesis in light of previous experieces, and test the most likely solution. The progressivist classroom will feature students working in small groups, moving about and talking freely; interest stations would be located throughout the room; the teacher will be walking around the room talking with groups and indivdual students, asking questions and making suggestions. Chemistry or Consumer Sciences Classroom Cooperative Learning~ STAD & Jigsaw models Higher order of Bloom's Taxonomy Allow for social interaction The curriculum is built around experiences, interests and abilities of students and encourages to work together cooperatively. Computer simulations, field trips, and interactive web sites offer realistic learning challenges for students and are built on their multiple intelligences. Webquests & Adventure example: Dewey's Laboratory school-
one classroom with several facilities for experimental learning-a science lab, art room, woodworking shop and a kitchen; also included group work, field trips, role playing and dramatizaions. Dewey maintained that group work made better citizens as they had to learn to share responsibilities. Students were not promoted from one grade to the next but rather grouped according to interests or abilities. Created by Charlotte & Melissa The End
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