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5 Short Story Elements

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Tyler Malmstrom

on 29 November 2017

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Transcript of 5 Short Story Elements

The 5 Short Story Elements
Noun (plural): a part or aspect of something
what happens
actions taken in the story
(background information)
Rising Action
Climax: all of the conflicts
lead to this
Falling action
(conflicts become resolved)
Resolution: major conflicts are solved.
Who is performing the action in the story.
Protagonist: main character
Antagonist: the character that represents
the opposition to the main character.

Supporting Characters: characters that support the protagonist(s) of a story.

Static Character: A character that stays the
same throughout the story.
Dynamic Character: A character that changes.
Conflict: The problem in a story. Every story
has a conflict
Types of Conflicts:
Character vs. Self: Internal Conflict; when a character struggles with themselves.

Character vs. Character: When a character struggles with another character in a story.

Character vs. World(nature, society): When a character struggles with the world around them. For example, a character may struggle with their environment or social construct that they live in.
What type of conflict is this?
What type of conflict is this?
-Where the story takes place.
-There can be more than one setting.
-Setting can help establish mood.
Theme: something learned throughout the work.
-There can be more than one theme.
-A theme must be a complete sentence.
-A theme must be arguable and universal.

For example: "Forgiveness is a key to happiness."
"There is no winner in war."

Do NOT confuse themes with motifs.
A motif is one word or phrase that is recurrent in a work.
-Acceptance, Bad Environment, War, Peace
What mood would this setting create?
What mood does this setting create?
The more specific you are, the better all of these parts will function in your story!
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