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characterization

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by

Andria Ferguson

on 3 March 2015

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Transcript of characterization

characterization
Writing Styles
Plot Elements
By Andria Ferguson
English 10 Literary Terms
Dynamic Character
A literary or dynamic character who undergoes an important inner change, as a change in personality or attitude.
Static Character
A literary or dramatic character who undergoes little or no inner change, a character who does not grow or develop.
Flat Character
An easily recognized character type in function who may not be fully delineated but in useful in carrying out some narrative purpose of the author.
Round Character
A character in fiction whose personality, background, motives and other features are fully delineated by the author.
Motivation
1.
The act or an instance of motivating, or providing with a reason to act in a certain way.

2.
The state or condition of being motivated or having a strong reason to act of accomplish something.
Protagonist
1.
The leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work.

2.
A proponent for or advocate of a political cause, social program, etc.

3.
The leader or principal person in a movement, cause, etc.
Antagonist
1.
A person who is opposite to, struggles against, or competes with another.

2.
The adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work.
Stereotype
Character Foils
A character who contrasts with another character in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character.
Caricature
A description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others.
Archetype
A typical character, an action or a situation that seems to represent such universal patterns of human nature.
Point of View
The manner in which a story is narrated or depicted and who it is that tells the story.
First Person
A point of view where the story is narrated by one character at a time. This character may be speaking about him/herself or sharing events that he/she is experiencing.
Second Person
A point of view which the narrator tells the story to another character using 'you'.
Third Person
A form of storytelling in which a narrator relates all action in third person, using third person pronouns such as "he" or "she."
Omniscient
Third person narrator who tells everything that everyone says and does as well as what they think and feel. Having total knowledge, knowing everything.
Limited Omniscient
Third person narrator who gives the reader access to the thoughts and feelings of one character, usually the protagonist.
Objective
Also called the dramatic point of view. The third person narrator relates only what we can see and hear, without giving access to the thoughts and feelings of any of the characters.
A character who possesses one or two easily recognized and identified traits which enable the observer to accurately predict behavior and personality.
Example:
the dumb blonde
Plot
Setting
The time and place in which a story takes place.
Atmosphere/Mood
One element in the narrative structure of a piece of literature. It can also be referred to as atmosphere because it creates an emotional setting enveloping the reader. Mood is established in order to affect the reader emotionally and psychologically and to provide a feeling for the narrative.
Dilemma
A situation that requires a choice between options that are or seem equally unfavorable or unsatisfactory.
Foreshadowing
The use of indicative word or phrases and hints that set the stage for a story to unfold and give the reader a hint of something that is going to happen without revealing the story or spoiling the suspense.
Epiphany
That moment in the story where a character achieves realization, awareness or a feeling of knowledge after which events are seen through the prism of this new light in the story.
Suspense
The intense feeling that an audience goes through while waiting for the outcome of certain events.
Comic Relief
An amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action.
Conflict
Inherent incompatibility between the objectives of two or more characters or forces. Conflict creates tension and interest in a story by adding doubt as to the outcome.
Allusion
A figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference.
Theme
The base topic or focus that acts as a foundation for the entire literary piece.
Symbol
Contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, and is representative of several other aspects, concepts or traits than those that are visible in the literal translation alone.
Dialogue
The conversation between characters in a drama or narrative.
Dialect
An offshoot of any language that is used by a specific group of people living in some specific area or region.
The sequence of events in a literary work. The structure of the plot usually consists of exposition, rising action, crisis, climax, falling action, and resolution.
Introduction
Rising Action
Climax
Falling Action
Conclusion
The portion of a story that introduces important background information to the audience.
A series of related incidents builds toward the point of greatest interest.
The most interesting point of the story.
A moment of final suspense, in which the final outcome of the conflict is in doubt.
Comprises events from the end of the falling action to the actual ending scene of the drama or narrative.
Bias
A particular tendency or inclination, especially one that prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question.
Jargon
Defined as a use of specific phrases and words by writers in a particular situation, profession or trade.
Genre
A type or category of literature or film marked by certain shared features or conventions.
Narrative
A collection of events that tells a story, which may be true or not, placed in a particular order and recounted through either telling or writing.
Exposition
Used to introduce background information about events, settings, characters etc. to the audience or readers.
The use of dramatic irony in a tragedy
Allegory
A literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem.
Irony
A figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.
Verbal Irony
Irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
Situational Irony
Tragic Irony
A cutting, often ironic remark intended to express contempt or ridicule.
Sarcasm
Irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
Dramatic Irony
Refers to the practice of making fun of a human weakness or character flaw.
Paradox
Refers to the use of concepts or ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together hold significant value on several levels.
Satire
A figure of speech in which abstract ideas and principles are described in terms of characters, figures and events.
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