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Unit 2: River Valley Civilizations

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TMLA Social Studies

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Unit 2: River Valley Civilizations

Mohenjo-Daro
Est. circa 2500 B.C.
Harappa
Est. c. 2500 B.C.
Cities
Complex Institutions
Advanced Technology
Record Keeping
Specialized Workers
Link to Hinduism
Image of Shiva
Stupa - mound like
temple; religious instituion
Seals & Stamps = evidence of trade
Sumerian goods found shows cultural diffusion
Economic
Organized cities = strong central government
Pictographs
Unable to decipher; shows complex writing system
What type of records did they keep?
What does the existence of a system of writing imply about a civilization?
Similar housing units suggest little class division
Farming, merchants, artisans
nonessential objects = wealthy
no evidence of military
Huang He & Yellow River Valley Civilizations
Cities
Complex Institutions
Arts & Achievements
Record Keeping
Specialized Workers
Xia Dynasty settles around Huang He River
Shang Dynasty (1532- 1027 B.C.) est. capital of Anyang
walled cities = constant warfare, government to organize construction project
Dynasties - Xia, Shang, Zhou
Filial Piety
Ancestor Worship
Oracle Bones
Coined money
canals & roads facilitated trade
agriculture helped by iron tools & irrigation
pictographs
no link between oral and written language
10,000+ characters
unified diverse land
Bronze working
silk production
iron tools
Fertile Crescent
Complex Institutions
Arts & Achievements
Record Keeping
Specialized Workers
city-states (e.g. Ur, Sumer, Uruk)
Sumerians build one of first civilizations
Religion
ziggurats
priests
polytheism
Government
Priest-kings
Dynasties
Babylonian Empire = Hammurabi
Economy
irrigation = farming
trade via rivers
First codified law = Hammurabi's Code
Wheel, sail, plow
bron
ze working
time keeping using 60 as base
360
Priests - Kings
Nobles
Merchants
Peasants
Slaves
Women had more rights than other early civilizations
City-States of Mesopotamia
Cities
Ziggurats
Delta
The "Gift of the Nile"
Cities
Complex Institutions
Arts & Achievements
Record Keeping
Specialized Workers
Memphis
King Menes united Lower and Upper Egypt
Government
Pharaohs = gods
theocracy
Religion
polytheistic (e.g. Ra, Isis, Horus)
belief in afterlife
Pyramids
Mummification
Economy
agriculture
trade
crafts
papyrus
medicine
architecture
calendar
Pharaohs
Priests
Nobles/Warriors
Peasants
Slaves
Women had many rights
King Menes united Upper and Lower Egypt
Pyramids of Giza
hieroglyphics
Cities: Memphis
Cities
Complex Institutions
Arts & Achievements
Record Keeping
Specialized Workers
Urban Planning
grid
plumbing & sewage systems
Uniform houses
Organized Government
Economy
Sumerian artifacts = trade
toys, luxury items, few weapons
Shiva
merchants, artisans, farmers
little class division shown by houses
system
undecipherable written language
Architecture
draining systems
loess = yellow silt
China's Sorrow
Full transcript