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Copy of Copy of Family, Peer and Media Influences

MTE/506 ,Learning Team, Child Development
by

Nathalie Luna

on 27 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Family, Peer and Media Influences

Notes
Ideas
Ideas
Ideas
Barbara Bush, former U.S. first lady

"You have to love your children unselfishly. That is hard. But it is the only way."
Family, Peer, and Media Influences
Influence's on Children and Adolescence
Family, Peers, and Media

WALT MUELLER, Understanding Today's Youth Culture

The importance of peer relationships on development?
Peer relationships in early childhood are essential to concurrent and future psychosocial adjustment.
Can be found in group play or one on one relationships.
Helps children master new social and interpersonal skills.
Skills children learn through peer relationships include assertiveness, conflict management, how to earn respect and control aggression.
Become acquainted with the social norms
Develop interpersonal relationships.
Early problems with peers can have a negative impact on the child’s later social and emotional development.
In adolescence, negative peer experiences can cause low self esteem and depression
Parental power often decreases while peer influence increases during the adolescent years.
By sharing feelings and thoughts, can decrease a child's stress
Language building.

How the media affects student development and learning
Media has positive and negative effects on student development and learning. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends no television for children under two because those years are critical for brain development. Children at this age need time to interact with parents and siblings to encourage learning and social development.

The physiological and sociological effects of alcohol, narcotics, drugs and tobacco on children and adolescents?
There are adverse effects on children’s well being, both as a short-term consequence of the transition and in the form of more enduring effects that persist into adulthood.
Schooling
Social conduct and behavior
Mental and emotional Health
Peer relations,
Early-onset sexual behavior
Criminal offending
Family structure influence behavior and function in children and adolescents
Children raised in lone-parent families have been found, on average, to do less well across a range of measures of well being than their peers in two-parent families, while parental separation has been found to be associated with an array of adverse outcomes for children.


The experience of multiple transitions and multiple family types, among a sample of children not born into an intact biological family, was associated with lower educational attainment and greatly increased the likelihood that children would try to establish an independent household and enter the labor force at an early age.
Family Transitions
Children's Well being
Benefits of television
Television shows like Sesame Street, Bill Nye: The Science Guy, and Mr. Rogers have educational content that benefits kids. As children get older, parents can guide their child’s TV habits so that it will have more positive than negative effects on development.
Drawbacks of television
Weight Gain
- Children who watch too much television are at risk of gaining weight because they are sedentary and tend to eat unhealthy snacks. With limited TV viewing time have a lower BMI index and less weight gain.
Violence-
“The average American child will witness over 200,000 acts of violence by the time they turn 18” (Media Awareness, 2012).Children imitate the behavior that they see from violence on television, potentially leading to aggressive behavior.
References

Mackay, R. (n.d.). Ministry of Social Development. Retrieved from http://www.msd.govt.nz/about-msd-and-our-work/publications-resources/journals-and-magazines/social-policy-journal/spj24/24-impact-of-family-structure-and-family-change-on-child-outcome-p111-133.html
Early Childhood
Attachment parenting -this will not help the child to be independent
Baby wise method - a child will develop schedules,sleep thru the night and will have good and healthy weight
Middle Childhood
Authoritarian-the parent is not listen to the needs of the child.
Permissive -is encouraging and let children make their own decisions.
Authoritative- is a mix of open communication and are a disciplinarian when needed.
Adolescence
Indulgent- are very easy going and do not have any confrontation with their children
Authoritarian- very strict and high expectations.
Authoritative -supportive and no restrictive
Uninvolved parents- not caring and does not place demands on children
How do various child -rearing styles affect in early childhood, middle childhood and adolescence?

Physical
• An overdose of any drug can cause serious and sudden physical or mental damage
• Alcohol can cause liver damage
• Injection of drugs by needles can get infections such as hepatitis or HIV/AIDS
• The use of drugs that have been obtained illegally can never know what they are taking. Some drugs are laced with other drugs or chemicals that can be harmful

Emotional
• Drugs can prevent the development of healthy coping styles
• Some drugs can cause short-term confusion, anxiety or mental disturbance
• Drug abuse can result in personality disturbances, learning problems and loss of memory

Social
• Most drugs can reduce physical coordination, distortion of the senses, impair memory, attention judgment.
• Use of drugs is sometimes associated with violence and crime.
• A drug-related conviction can have serious consequences for the individual.

Psychological
• Twenty percent of teens experience a major depressive disorder at some time during adolescence. Many teens who are depressed haven’t received medical attention for their depression and remain undiagnosed. When the teens are depressed, they self medicate.
• Addiction is a complex condition of the brain. A teen’s brain is more susceptible to the influence of drugs because it’s still developing, and chemical pathways are interrupted when a teen uses drugs. Drugs interfere with the ability to think clearly, use cognitive skills and control behavior.
• High-Risk Behaviors – Because drugs alter perception, teens act impulsively and risk driving under the influence, having unprotected sex and sharing drug paraphernalia. Adolescents who use drugs are more likely to have multiple sexual partners; some prostitute themselves

www.kidshelpphone.com and www.livestrong.com
Lindhout, Ingeborg E,M.D., PhD., Markus, M. T., PhD., Hoogendijk, T. H., G., M. A., & Boer, Frits,M.D., PhD. (2009). Temperament and parental child-rearing style: Unique contributions to clinical anxiety disorders in childhood. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 18(7), 439-46. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-009-0753-9

Boivin, Dr. Michael (2013). Importance of Peer Relationships. Retrieved September 26, 2013 from http://www.education.com/topic/importance-peer-relationships/.
Bee, H. & Boyd, D. (2010). The Developing Child. (12th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

"The ugly reality is that peer pressure reaches its greatest intensity at just the age when kids tend to be most insensitive and cruel."
(U.S. Assistant Secretary for Children and Families under President George W. Bush).
“Children ought not to be victims of the choices adults make for them,” said Wade Horn
compassion. (2002-2013). Retrieved from http://www.compassion.com/child-advocacy/find-your-voice/famous-quotes/default.htm
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