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Andean and Mesoamerican Civilizations

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by

Chelsea Watkins

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Andean and Mesoamerican Civilizations

Compare the imperial civilizations
of the Andes and Mesoamerica. Religion Social Economic Political Polytheistic Three subgroups
Incan: Celestial realm, Inner earth, Outer earth
Aztec: Fertility/agriculture, Creator gods, Warfare/sacrifice Key gods
Incan: Sun god, Moon goddess
Aztec: Sun/warrior god, Rain god Sacrifices
Both did human sacrifices Incans usually used a child or slave, Aztecs usually used prisoners of war. Andean
civilizations expanded as aresult of social need Mesoamerican
Civilizations conquered for the sake of wealth and power
(including religious power) Both Civilizations

Found military less effective against nomadic peoples on the frontiers

Recognized ethnic groups and local leaders

Allowed local variations

Created by conquest of sedentary agricultural peoples and the extraction of tribute and labor from them

Generally were variations of similar patterns and processes Andean and Mesoamerican civilizations had different political outlooks and motives Andes

Defined social classes

Very Artistic

No formal system of writing

More technologically advanced (irrigation, roads, bridges, architecture)

Women's roles similar to Mesoamerica's Mesoamerica

Defined social classes

Divided into seven Calpulli which were clans that defined their imperial position

Women: Helped in the fields, but mainly associated with housekeeping, child-rearing, cooking, and rearing

Undeveloped technologically Charlie
Chelsea
Roman
Sam Aztecs
Much heavier emphasis on trade than Incans

Had a merchant class – Pochteca

Had economic centers - Tenochtitlan

Markets were held at periodic intervals

Diverse selection

Cocoa, metals, stones, food

Monetary system

Used barter method and a forms of currency

Gold (dust), Cocoa, other valuable items Incans
Trade wasn’t as important

Incan Socialism

Government handled long
distance trade, locally self-
sufficient Few merchants

Few merchants

Only in the northern reaches
of the empire

Non-Economy

No set currency or
method for trade

Secluded – less contact
with surrounding empires Similarities
Tribute states

Demanded
Payment/Labor for
conquered areas

Helped propel
respective
economies
Full transcript