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将坎坎坷坷交换机Ethics and Ethnography

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on 22 March 2015

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Transcript of 将坎坎坷坷交换机Ethics and Ethnography

The research
Three dilemmas with Ethical Involvement
3."Intervention Dilemma"
We believe Goodwin’s acting conforms to the University ethic policies.

She took the two main ethical concerns into consideration:

privacy and confidentially

gaining informed consent
(Ali & Kelly, 2004).
2."Confidentiality Dilemma"
将坎坎坷坷交换机Ethics and Ethnography
Catherine Tse, Violette Wu, Cindy Lu, Pallas Zhang
Ethics and Ethnography:
An Experiential Account
Goodwin, Pope, Mort & Smith, 2003

1. "Everyday Dilemma"
Both sides


Collected the information but decided not to use it.
Collusion with anesthetists
Rigor-jeopardized research
Harm to development of the anesthesia field
Damaged reputation of researchers
Possible Consequences of the Acting
We focus on the
confidentiality issue
in the second dilemma

Goodwin's justification of
her decision
Other researchers might use the data
Her team have bad reputation among researchers and anesthetists for breaching privacy
She would hurt the individual mentioned in the conversation
She would hurt the overall field relations
Possible consequences if information used:
The researched people:

Understanding researchers’ identity & protecting the confidential information

Because they are also involved in data collection
“Care regarding data protection needs to be taken at all stages of research” (Ali & Kelly, 2004,
Obligations of the Researcher & Researched
The Process of data
is Symbiotic
Researcher & Researched interact influence together
An ethnographic study on the expertise in anesthesia

1 anesthetist, 2 social scientist,
1 nurse & Goodwin
Parties Affected:
Goodwin's Acting:
The importance of confidentiality and anonymity
One-year project shouldn't be judged by this incident alone
Obligations of the Resercher & Researched
The researcher:

Not to disclose contents without any permission

Because confidential contents cannot be public if participants have not given up privacy (Ali & Kelly, 2004)
The obligations we suggested conform to the eight principles in UK’s 1998 Data Protection Act and meet the common ethical principles set by Beauchamp (1994)

One year basing in the anesthetic department of an English hospital

Through observation, talks,
interaction and interviews.

(Goodwin and anesthetists) are directly affected.
Goodwin: whether she should use the overheard information
Anesthetists: interest

What would you do if you are the ethnographic researcher?
Ali, S., & Kelly, M. (2004). Ethics and social research. In C. Seale (Ed.), Researching society and culture (pp. 58-76). LA: Sage.

Beauchamp, T. L. (1994). The “four principles” approach. In R. Gillon (Ed.), Principles of health care ethics (pp. 3-10). Chichester: Wiley.

Goodwin, D., Pope, C., Mort, M., & Smith, A. (2003). Ethics and ethnography: An experiential account. Qualitative Health Research, 13(4), 567-577. doi: 10.1177/1049732302250723

Pope, C., Smith, A., Goodwin, D., & Mort, M. (2003). Passing on tacit knowledge in anesthesia: a qualitative study. Medical education, 37(7), 650-655. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2003.01581.x
We suggest
"A researcher can go back to respondents and attempt to re-negotiate confidentiality agreements if they feel that circumstances have changed." (Ali & Kelly, 2004 )
Full transcript