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Google Glass as Dispositive & Apparatus
Transcript of Google Glass as Dispositive & Apparatus
Prof. Ruggero Eugeni - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
Dispositif, Apparatus, Dispositive
GG as Dispositive
GG as Apparatus
"A thoroughly heterogeneous ensemble consisting of discourses, institutions, architectural forms, regulatory decisions, laws, administrative measures, scientific statements, philosophical, moral and philanthropic propositions - in short, the said as much as the unsaid. Such are the elements of the apparatus. The apparatus itself is the system of relations that can be established between these elements" (Foucault, 1980 (1977): 194)
"A network of relations between a spectator, the representation and the 'machinery' that allows the spectator to have access to the representation" (Albera & Tortajada, 2010: 10)
"L’interrelation entre une technologie, un mode de présentation, un mode d’adresse, une forme filmique et un positionnement de l’instance spectateur, [qui] demande à être « historicisée» " (Kessler, 2003: 25)
Dispositive, as a network of relationships and interactions between one or more subjects and one or more technological devices (mainly media devices) transforms apparatus into first person, living and lived experiences
The basic GG dispositive
eye / body
computer / interface
remote transmission / reception
Narrative program "reality"
perceptual materials from computer to subject's eye
perceptual materials from dispositive to other subject(s)
the perceptual experience of the subject provided by GG (“reality” program) is independent from the recovery of visual and aural data by the camera (“sharing” program): the subject experiences the reality through the transparent screen of the Google Glass, with the insertion of the data of "augmented reality" transmitted by the computer, while the camera takes up, stores and transmits images from a point of view slightly different. As a consequence,
images of "One day" cannot be produced by GG
The flow of perception of the subject (“reality”) and the flow filmed by the camera and transmitted by the computer (“sharing”) are the same – since the computer works to cancel the parallax gap between the biological eye and the mechanical one, and possibly to add visual information of augmented reality.
As a consequence, images of "One Day" can be produced by GG
The subject is not directly playing perceptual experience of the world (the screen is not transparent), but he does so through the "prosthetic" eye of the camera - with the supplementary information given by the "augmented reality" - . In this case , “reality” program is completely replaced by the “sharing” one, in a sort of self-sharing experience of reality – which in turns is reproduced in “One day...” video images
Even though the "real" GG is close to the 2nd configuration, the 3Th one remains an imaginary construction integral to the "genesis" of the dispositive - then to the dispositive itself (Simondon, 1980 (1958): 19)
From "classical" dispositives to contemporary ones
From classical to contemporary apparatuses
classical dispositives refer to apparatuses entailing a ""positional" line of subjectivity (that is a fixed and isolated subject defined by his / her position)
contemporary dispositives refer to apparatuses entailing a "relational" line of subjectivity (that is a mobile and and connected subject defined by his / her networks of relations)
From classical to contemporary power strategies
Apparatuses are therefore composed of lines of visibility, utterance, lines of force, lines of subjectivation, lines of cracking, breaking and ruptures that all intertwine and mix together and where some augment the others or elicit others through variations and even mutations of the assemblage (Deleuze, 2006 (2003): 342. Consequently, any line of subjectivation is linked to and crossed with lines of force and strategies of power
Classical apparatuses and "positional" lines of subjectivity are crossed by a principle of control as discipline, wich is expressed by top - bottom surveillance
Contemporary apparatuses and "relational" lines of subjectivity are crossed by a principle of control as "following" , which is expressed by "grassroots surveillance".
GG makes surveillance a shared and cooperative practice: anyone can watch anyone else and, even more, anyone can watch him or herself – through and by the continuous and shared production of the narrative of his/her own life.
Thank you for your attention!