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The Constitution - The Amendment Processes

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by

Tylor Nester

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of The Constitution - The Amendment Processes

Amendment Processes OBJECTIVES
Describe four different ways to formally amend, or change the wording of, the Constitution.
Understand the history of the 27 amendments to the Constitution, including the Bill of Rights.
Identify how basic legislation has changed the Constitution over time.
Explain the powers of the executive branch and the courts to amend the Constitution. FORMAL AMENDMENT PROCESS INFORMAL AMENDMENTS Changes in the Constitution that have been made without changing the written word of the Constitution
Five Basic Ways
Passage of legislation by Congress
Actions taken by the President
Key decisions of the Supreme Court
Activities of Political Parties
Custom Informal Amendments Informal Amendments Informal Amendments Informal Amendments Informal Amendments Changes in the Constitution that have been made without changing the written word of the Constitution
Five Basic Ways
Passage of legislation by Congress
Actions taken by the President
Key decisions of the Supreme Court
Activities of Political parties
Custom Informal Amendments BASIC LEGISLATION Pass laws to fill in details about the specific ways the government works
Pass other laws that explain certain parts of the Constitution
Every time a law is passed about the United States Postal Service, Congress further explains the meaning of the Constitution's power to "establish post offices." EXECUTIVE ACTION
Presidents have used their powers to delineate unclear Constitutional provisions
Making a difference between Congress's power to declare war and the President's power to wage war.
EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT - pacts made by a President with heads of a foreign government COURT DECISIONS The nation's courts interpret and apply the Constitution as they see fit, as in Marbury v. Madison, a court case involving the process of informal amendment
The Supreme Court has been called "a constitutional convention in continuous session"
PARTY PRACTICES Political parties have shaped government and its processes by holding political conventions, organizing Congress along party lines, and injecting party policies in the process of presidential appointments
The United States in many ways government through political parties is a result of a long history of informal amendments CUSTOM Each branch of government has developed traditions that fall outside the provisions of the Constitution
Franklin D. Roosevelt broke tradition by serving a third term, however the "custom" was added to the written Constitution through a formal amendment.
An example is executive advisory board known as the President's cabinet.
Full transcript