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Knowledge of sport skills

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Charlie Heynes

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of Knowledge of sport skills

Knowledge of sport skills
In order for a sports leader to be successful, their sporting knowledge needs to match or even better that of the people they are training. Sessions run should include sports development, whether that is skill or technique orientated but this is usually taught using good subject knowledge. In order to be respected by the people they are leading, leaders need to ideally have better subject knowledge in order to be respected. If a leader’s subject knowledge was very poor then the people within the session wouldn’t be able to progress, would get bored and therefore loose respect for the leader making it difficult for them to improve their skills. The effect of a lack of sport knowledge when leading can be exemplified in football; if a group’s knowledge is better than their leader then they lose faith in the leader, become un-motivated and bored and therefore won’t bother to improve their skills which reduce the overall ability of the team. This skill would be effective in team based situations as the level of ability in players can be increased as a result of knowledge learnt from a leader; who developed their knowledge from learning from other people around them, leaders and personal experience.
Knowledge of rules and law
In order for leaders to lead athletes to victory they need to know the rules and laws of the sport. Knowing these gives the athletes the knowledge they need to know on how to maximise their performance without breaking the rules which will get them disqualified and damage their sporting reputation. Within this quality, leaders need to show themselves as a good role model as it perfectly fine knows the rules, but if a leader chooses to ignore them then their athletes will do the same as well. This can make a sport more dangerous, un-fair and can lose money as a result of the public losing faith in it. The effect of not knowing or ignoring the rules can have a damaging effect on an athletes sporting ability, as being disqualified can lead to bans and fines, reducing the time spent in competition which loses them valuable experience that they could use to beat their opponents. This could also give a team a bad reputation if they practise the sport without following the rules, this overall can damage the reputation of the sport which reduces its fan base; eventually reducing the amount of money being put into it. This causes a problem for the teams competing within in a sport as they will then have less money to fund new players, training and stadiums which can eventually lead to the collapse of a team.
Understanding the mental needs of participants
All sporting athletes have different mental needs. Leaders mainly focus on what gets the athletes motivated and what gets them frustrated. Leaders can assess athletes and use whatever it is that gets them motivated and input this into competition and training scenarios to ensure they want to perform at their best. Having increased motivation improves athletes sporting performance which is great to maximise their training efficiency and competitive ability, which will make them a successful athlete. Understanding what makes an athlete frustrated, and adapting their training and competitive strategy to minimise this problem helps improve their mood and improve their mental health; keeping them more focused on the task at hand and improving their performance as a result. This is an effective skill for a leader to use as the performance increase in athletes can be really obvious and is also a good way to see if an athlete or team is flagging as a result of over training or excessive stress, leaders who can recognise this can see the signs early and aim to reduce this by reducing training or doing stress relieving activities such as spending time with families.
Understanding the physical needs of participants
Every athlete will have different abilities no matter what level of competition they are at, leaders need to understand this and then develop activities that the athletes are capable of achieving. If realistic activities and goals are set then the athlete is more likely to reach them, improving self-confidence and improving motivation which improves sporting performance. For large teams of athletes, leaders can adapt different activities such as for some athletes they need to do two sets, while higher ability athletes do 3 sets. Keeping athletes out of certain activities because of their ability is a sure fire way of reducing their sporting performance and leaders always need to look at including any athlete in each activity. The effect of not understanding the physical needs of a participant can lead to problems not only with an athletes self-esteem as if they are being pushed to do something they just can’t then they will feel embarrassed and loose motivation, causing a drop in performance. On top of this if leaders understand their athlete then they can maximise their ability as they know their limits and how to get there.
aying major league baseball for 9 years taught ‘Youke’ a thing or two about the sport and has his experience developed, he became more vocal and eventually became one of the teams most respected leaders. He had the ability to understand the team, had fantastic knowledge of the skills and rules of the game and used this to lead his team to win over and over again. An example of him using his knowledge is the way he created ideas and plays to outwit the opposition from his knowledge of their weak points learnt from playing against them before. Using all 4 key knowledge areas has given Youke such a reputable name and such a successfully career.

Kevin Youkilis
Kevin Youkilis
Playing major league baseball for 9 years taught ‘Youke’ a thing or two about the sport and has his experience developed, he became more vocal and eventually became one of the teams most respected leaders. He had the ability to understand the team, had fantastic knowledge of the skills and rules of the game and used this to lead his team to win over and over again. An example of him using his knowledge is the way he created ideas and plays to outwit the opposition from his knowledge of their weak points learnt from playing against them before. Using all 4 key knowledge areas has given Youke such a reputable name and such a successfully career.
Being a leader takes commitment, this means being there for the athletes in bad weather, when they struggle or just putting in the effort to improve low ability athletes. Leaders should always be there for athletes no matter what, putting in the time and effort should equal more successful athletes. This sets a good work ethic into athletes as if there leader can be there ready to get them to the finish line, and then they can to. This means athletes turn up to every session they can and put in the most effort that they can, increasing performance. The effect of a leader not having commitment to their sport or athletes can lead to frustration in athletes as someone they should look up to and improve their performance just isn’t doing that; this can lead to the athletes ability platueing and as a result not reaching their full potential.
Leaders will see/hear and be told a lot of things by athletes, they develop knowledge that most people don’t need to know and knowledge that could cause emotional turmoil for the athlete; this increases stress, decreases motivation and decreases performance. This is why a coach needs to keep any information confidential; in extreme circumstances the leader can pass information onto higher authority in the best interest of an athlete to ensure their wellbeing. Some types of information requiring discretion can be injury, personal problems and views of other people. The effect of not remaining discrete can cause excess stress, nervousness and anxiety for an athlete; all of which are damaging to their mental and physical health but also reduce their sporting ability as they won’t want to train, won’t be focused on their goals and will have excess nerves which don’t work in their favour.
Leading athletes can be a struggle and requires a lot of patience. Athletes won’t always follow your guidance, perform the way you want or improve the way you thought; this however is all part of the job of a leader and requires patience to address the problem and resolve it, getting the athlete to their peak performance. Leaders should always remain calm in times of frustration and aim to create different session and lead people differently in order to keep athletes focused, minimising stress which can lead to leaders struggling to keep control. The effect of not having patience can damage both the athletes and the leaders career as both roles can have their reputation damaged if there performance isn’t increasing as it should, regular arguments and conflicts reduce training time and the attitude of each person isn’t the way it should be which leads to word getting around. As a result athletes loose the support of sponsors as their performance isn’t what it needs to be and the leader loses athletes faith meaning they won’t listen to their knowledge.
Goal focus
Leader should create short, medium and long term goals for athletes; this increases motivation and is a good way of assessing their ability and training effectiveness. If athletes don’t reach targets then the leader hasn’t done an effective job of improving their performance and should adjust what they do to better suit the athlete and increase their performance. Leaders should also set themselves goals to keep track of their own progress and to ensure each athlete is catered for. Most training sessions should be centred around the leaders and athletes goals, for instance an athletes goal could be to improve their 100m sprint time, so a leader would use address this by using appropriate exercises such as power training. The effect of having realistic goals means that once the athlete’s ability improves, they can tick a goal off; this physical evidence proves to them that what they are doing is working and therefore put their trust into the leader to make them even better. This trust allows the leader to push the athlete further and harder as the athlete will understand that what the leader wants them to do is for the best and will make them more successful.
Sports leader example
Martin Johnson, an English rugby player who had a successful career from 1980 up until his retirement in 2006 wasn’t just down to being a good player; it’s his leadership characteristics which founded his career. Playing rugby and being so successful at it for the length of time Johnson did takes commitment, patience and goal setting; being able to fight the difficult situations he may have faced either personally or with his team and build his leadership abilities as a result is something may people admire and is something not everyone can do. For example, Johnson was knocked down and de-motvated by many career losses, but brining his team back-up and lead them to victory shows his leader ship abilities.
Staying motivated is really important for both leader and athlete. For athletes staying motivated means that they want to train and want to improve, this means they put more effort into every training session and try to be the best they can be. Leaders need to stay motivated in order to keep themselves creating new ideas to help athletes improve, if they lack motivation then training sessions will become stale and the motivation of the athlete will decrease along with their performance. Both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can be used for motivate both leaders and athletes; intrinsic motivation can be reaching a target goal and extrinsic motivation can be getting the money from winning a competition. Both types differ in favourability for everyone but a healthy mixture of both should be used to maximise performance.
Leaders have the responsibility of teaching all types of athlete, giving them the knowledge they need to form anything from their basic skills to competitive techniques. Leaders need to transfer their own knowledge into the athlete, and then support their learning through applying those skills into sport. Having an understanding of how an athlete learns can help maximise the rate at which they intake information, for instance some athletes may be very visual and learn best when strategies and plays can be seen in front of them. The effect of using the correct teaching techniques creates an environment where minimal time is wasted, this allows the athlete and leader more time to train and improves information retention which is useful for increasing sports performance in competitive situations as a leaders past knowledge can be taught to an athlete and they can respond using what they have been taught; increasing overall ability.
Any leader needs to understand the way their athlete’s minds work, and how this links to their performance. Leaders need to understand things such as what motivates their athletes, what causes physical and mental stress and then find out through trying different things what reduces stress and increases motivation in order to create a successful athlete. Helping an athlete learn themselves how to control their mental state is also good to ensure that they achieve their own goals, creating better mental wellbeing and ensuring a solid increase in performance. The effect of a leader who understands the psychology of an athlete and a team will be an overall reduction in stress and an increase in performance providing that the leader can put in place preventative measures or plans to reduce stress and increase motivation. If a leader doesn’t do this then they can find athletes very difficult to work with, especially in stressful times such as competitions; this causes problems in the relationship between athlete and leader, causing conflict and reducing training time which reduces performance.
Role model
Athletes often follow in the footsteps of the people who coach them, this means that leaders behaviour, and opinions, language and code of conduct will all be noticed and followed by the athletes. Leaders need to recognise this and ensure that what they do and say and therefore create an encouraging, positive athlete who conducts themselves well and represents the sport the way the public want to see it. Any behaviour such as your enthusiasm will rub off on an athlete, performance wise this means the athlete will be enthusiastic to train and perform and have better performance. The effect of a leader being a bad role model can influence athlete’s behaviour, making them behave badly and ignoring rules, being violent and damaging the reputation of the sport. This eventually can influence younger generations into becoming like the athletes that get the most limelight because of their unruly behaviour, creating a generation of athletes that make the sport into something it shouldn’t be.
Sports leader example
Diego Maradona, a world class football player admired by millions all over the world got his reputation as a role model, teacher and motivator through displaying these role model qualities developed over many years of working with new players, coaches managers; this meant he was able to develop these skills, as well as an understanding of the psychology of the people he works with, ensuring that through his support and creative ideas that they stayed motivated and could improve their sporting abilities. This is one of the reasons why Maradona has been on so many successful teams throughout his career.
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