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Principal of Journalism

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by

Julie Mendoza

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Principal of Journalism

Journalism 1980s-2013
Principals of Journalism
4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover


Question
Would you be willing to go to prison in order to protect your sources?
4. How can journalists save their credibility?
5. The way journalists save their credibility is to work on three main qualities, including a strong sense of responsibility, an objective mind, and a love of language.
Three Little Pigs Video
Principal Four
History of Journalism in America
Carl Bernstein and Robert Woodward
Watergate Scandal
Jana Winter
Dark Knight Rises
Point-of-view: Informed, safe, and not withhold information
Conclusion: Element 4
Independence and Importance
Discussion Questions
Discussion Questions
1690 America's first newspaper, Publick Occurrences is published in Boston. Lasts one issue
1791 The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution forbids Congress from making any law "abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press."
1833 America's first penny press newspaper is Benjamin Day's New York Sun. It attracts a wide audience
1926 The U.S. begins regulating broadcasting with the Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
1941 The FCC lets 18 television stations begin commercial broadcasting. Hardly anybody watches
1973 Australian Rupert Murdoch acquires his first American property, the San Antonio Express-News


Background
Michael Jordan


Out-of-wedlock child
Asked media not to release information

Media did not release story
Ruin image
Beloved by people

Breaking the first element? It isn't breaking the fourth, its enforcing it.

They are not protecting their sources, they're actually protecting the story (Nieman Reports)




Should journalists be willing to go to prison for their sources in order to keep their jobs or should they just give up their sources at risk of losing their career?
Do you believe journalists should tell the truth even though it might ruin someone's character? (i.e. Robert Woodward reporting on Nixon's Watergate Scandal).

Jana Winter Reporter
Exclusive story-Aurora shooting at The Dark knight Rises showing
Detailed notebook of events
Choice: Reveal sources and ruin career or withhold sources and go to jail 6 months?
First Amendment violation
Principal 4-Elements of Journalism
Analysis

Only in extreme circumstances should one reveal sources
Keep people informed, safe, and not withhold information
Right to tell the people and the people have the right to know





Independence
Find the facts and valuable information
Report the truth and nothing else
Protective and Loyal to sources
Carl Woodward-kept sources
Reported the truth
Jana White-Reported Truth
Not to benefit network or self
Research
We found how important journalism is to the society...
Journalists willing to be imprisoned
Loyal enough to keep sources quiet
Some journalists do anything to report truth
because it is the right thing to do
Thanks for Watching
Elva
By: Julie Mendoza, Katie Rogers, Mariam Itawi, and Chloe Whitehouse




"A journalists job is to scrutinize the facts, and then let the chips fall where they might."






I

Independence is an underlying requirement of journalism, a cornerstone of its reliability. Independence of spirit and mind, rather than neutrality, is the principle journalists must keep in focus. While editorialists and commentators are not neutral, the source of their credibility is still their accuracy, intellectual fairness and ability to inform–not their devotion to a certain group or outcome. In our independence, however, we must avoid any tendency to stray into arrogance, elitism, isolation or nihilism.













4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover




A Journalists job is not to defend, offend, or protect. It is to gather information, use it to the best of their ability and let people make their own decisions (Nieman Reports).








-Yin Chan, Professor of journalism at University of Hong Kong


Robert Woodward and Carl Bernstein
Watergate Scandal
Corruption of Nixon re-election committee






Conclusion
Preview
Thank you!!!
A Brief History of Journalism in America

1980 Ted Turner starts Cable News Network (CNN)
1993 Mosaic, the first World Wide Web browser released.
1996 Rupert Murdoch starts Fox News Channel on cable TV
1998 Internet search engine Google starts up.
2001 Wikipedia is created. Apple starts selling iPods.
2004 Facebook begins collecting friends.
Flickr shares its first photographs.
Podcasting starts.
2006 Twitter begins to tweet (Revolution)
2010 Internet part of most Americans' news consumption.
Two-thirds get some news online each day.
2012 The digital revolution has fostered a mobile age.
People connected wherever
Half of American adults own a smartphone
Quarter have a tablet










Dr. Anthony Curtis, Mass Communication Dept., University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Dr. Anthony Curtis, Mass Communication Dept., University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Full transcript