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Sports Injuries- extrinsic / intrinsic risk factors

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on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Sports Injuries- extrinsic / intrinsic risk factors

Unit 18 -Sports Injuries :Extrinsic & Intrinsic risk factors
Unit 18 - Sports injuries
Task 1 Extrinsic/Intrinsic factors in injury

"Damage or harm done to or suffered by a person"
Extrinsic risk factors - a risk or force from outside the body
An extrinsic risk factor - can cause harm or damage to yourself although it is out of your control
Intrinsic risk factors
Intrinsic risk factors- can cause an injury through something that you have control over
Preventative measures
Although the chances of injury in sport can never be fully eradicated, preventative measures and procedures are put in place to try to minimise the risk and therefore the effect on sports performers
Other participants
Poor Coaching and instruction
"Wound , damage or trauma to the body"
Taking part in sport can result in injury to any part of the body. These injuries can be caused by a variety of factors that can be grouped into two categories- extrinsic or intrinsic.
Clothing, footwear and PPE (personal,protective equipment)
Inappropriate coaching and instruction
Other sports players
Clothing and footwear
The environment
Equipment needed to play a sport correctly should always be used or this can increase the chances of injury to either the player themselves or another player
Most sports have rules in place to offer guidance regarding what can and can't be used to aid participation within that sport
Equipment should be constantly checked and maintained to high standards to help minimise the risk of it potentially causing injury
Some sports are more susceptible to incurring injuries as the rules of the sport allow for physical contact
Contact sports
Injuries often occur through tackles/challenges being made or by being tackled/challenged by another player
Non contact sports

Injuries can occur through foul tackles or accidental collisions
The environment in which we perform can have a big impact on the likelihood of sustaining an injury
The environment includes the area in which the sport is played eg, the surface, lighting, temperature etc
The weather can have a huge impact on sports played outdoors, mainly due to its effect on the temperature, visibility and the playing surface
Certain sports require participants to wear items of protective clothing and equipment
Footwear must be suitable to the surface that is is played on but yet can also make the wearer more susceptible to injury
Some clothing and PPE is stipulated by the rules of the sport but some are an optional choice
The technique of a skill is usually dictated by a coach/trainer/instructor. If it is taught wrong or not corrected by a coach then a performer could adopt bad habits that could lead to injury
A coach must abide by the rules and regulations of the sport at all times and be able to communicate effectively in order to protect their players from harm
It is vital that all instruction is given by someone who has an up to date knowledge of the sport
Poor preparation
Inappropriate warm up
Overuse and previous injuries
Inadequate fitness levels
Poor technique
Overuse and previous injuries
Poor technique
Inadequate fitness levels
Poor preparation
Inappropriate warm up
How would the weather and the temperature affect a warm up?
Overuse injuries occur when an athlete doesn't get the required amount of rest
Every time we exercise we put our body under stress which means the body has to repair itself afterwards
Athletes could become susceptible to a certain injury if they have experienced damage to a damaged area repeatedly- this includes returning too early from injury.
Athletes must prepare in order to perform at optimal level (warm up) but if they don't, this can lead to injury as well as poor performance levels.Long term preparation is needed in training for many activities eg marathon.
Nutrition, alcohol consumption, sleep and the environment can have a huge impact on an athletes preparation
The absence of a warm up or an inadequate warm up is a very common cause of sports injuries.
The warm up takes the body from a non active state to one ready for exercise and how long it takes varies from person to person
Pulse raisers get blood flowing round the body and to the muscles, making them more pliable
Mobilisers take the joints through ranges of motion and help lubricate the joint and stretch the muscles supporting the joint
The main muscles to be used should be fully stretched
If an athlete is not using the correct technique and methods for exercising, they are more likely to sustain a sports injury
This is sometimes due to the performer choosing to use the wrong technique even when they know how to perform the skill correctly
This can also be down to tiredness and lack of fitness
Athletes must be fit enough to be able to perform the skills needed to compete in their sport
When athletes become tired, performance levels can drop and injuries are more likely to occur due to this.
Athletes may adopt poor technique as they become physically and psychologically fatigued, and make the wrong decisions when it comes to risk
The role of the coach/instructor/leader
The role of the officials
The role of the performer
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