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Verbs

8th Grade Language Arts
by

Brooke Naumoff

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Verbs

Active & Passive
Active & Passive Verbs
“Verbs are the most important of all your tools. They push the sentence forward and give it momentum. Active verbs push hard; passive verbs tug fitfully.” William Zinsser, On Writing Well
Verbs,
Verbals & Voice

Verbals
VERBALS are words that look like verbs but are used as other parts of speech.
TYPES OF VERBALS
GERUNDS
1. end in -ing
2. act as nouns
Drawing

is my favorite hobby.
PARTICIPLES
1. most often end in -ing or -ed
2. act as adjectives
Running

at top speed
,
I won the race.
INFINITIVES
1. to + verb form
2. act as a noun, adjective, or adverb
I want
to eat a hamburger.
Verbals
Verbals
that's what's happening!
VERBS
In ACTIVE voice, the subject is doing the action.
ACTIVE: Drake threw the football to Nate.

In PASSIVE voice, the subject is being acted upon.
PASSIVE: The football was thrown by Drake.
In ACTIVE voice, the subject and verb relationship is straightforward: the subject is a be-er or a do-er and the verb moves the sentence along.

Mrs. O'Hare approved the new policy.

In the PASSIVE voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er or a be-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed.

The new policy was approved by Mrs. O'Hare.
How to tell the difference between a verb and a verbal is difficult. You cannot look at the word itself. You must look at how the word is used. If it is used in any other way than a verb, then it is a verbal.

Gerund-words formed from verbs but function as
nouns.

Learning
is fun.
Hiking
is difficult.
Reading
is exciting.
Verbals
Participles-act as adjectives, modify nouns and pronouns, can precede or follow the word modified

The painted wall is beautiful.
The jumping spider scared me.

Participle Phrase-made up of a participle and any complements. A participial phrase that comes at the beginning of the sentence is always followed by a comma and modifies the subject of the sentence.

Running at top speed
, I won the race.
Twisted by wind
, the flag flapped against the pole.
Infinitives- "to + verb" that acts as a noun, adjective, or adverb

He is ready
to go
. (adverb)
To understand
the material, one must study. (noun)
To err
is human,
to forgive
is divine. (noun)
Kelly has the drive
to succeed.
(adjective)
Verbals
Practice
1. Jumping is fun.
2. I like to ski.
3. He liked skiing.
4. The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore.
5. The singing teacher left her students entertained.
6. Mr. Kline had a unique way of dancing.
7. I want to eat a hamburger.
8. Writing is my favorite hobby.
9. Hoping no one will hear her, she sings loudly in her car.
10. Mrs. Gerber likes to smile.
"By Zombies"
Rule
If you can insert "by zombies" after the verb, you have passive voice.

“She was killed [by zombies.]” (Passive voice.)

“Zombies killed [by zombies] her.” (Active voice.)

“It was determined [by zombies] that the report was inconclusive.” (Passive voice.)

“We were invited [by zombies] to attend their party.” (Passive voice.)
Active & Passive
1. The unsuspecting little old lady robbed the bank last night.
2. The bank was robbed last night by an unsuspecting little old lady.
3. The boy was bitten by a dog.
4. Brenna will present her research at school on Friday.
5. One day, Cinderella met Prince Charming.
6. Police are being notified that the three prisoners have escaped.
7. Most of the class is reading the book.
8. The book is being read by most of the class.
9. Summer trends will be published in the next issue of Teen Vogue.
10. Pre-med college courses are being taken by her.
Practice
How to Identify
Active & Passive Voice
Step by Step
1. Circle the VERB
2. Insert "by zombies" after the verb
3. Does it make sense?
4. If YES then it is PASSIVE voice. If NO then it is ACTIVE voice.
How to Write in
Active & Passive Voice
Step by Step
How to make a passive sentence an ACTIVE sentence
1. Circle the VERB
2. Underline the subject-WHO is doing the action?
3. If the subject is unnamed, make someone up or use "Zombies."
4. Re-write the sentence so the subject is a do-er or a be-er.
How to make a active sentence a PASSIVE sentence
1. Circle the VERB
2. Underline the subject-WHO is receiving the action?
3. Re-write the sentence so that the receiver (object) becomes the subject (do-er or be-er)
Full transcript