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CM 380 Sex and Violence

violence and sex

Patrice Oppliger

on 19 June 2015

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Transcript of CM 380 Sex and Violence

Mass Media Theories
Violence and Sex

Children at high risk for learning aggressive behavior when:
1. a perpetrator is an attractive role model

Effects of Media Violence:
Behavioral: catharsis, arousal, disinhibition,
imitation, desensitization
Affective/Emotional: fright reactions
Cognitive: cultivation (mean world syndrome)
Historical research:
1920s: Payne Fund Studies - study of violence effects on juveniles

Effects of Sexualized

"Tough Guise" (52:34-56:16)
Portrayals of Prostitution clips:
Pretty Woman vs. Leaving Las Vegas
material appeals to prurient interest in sex
patently offensive by community standards
lacks value (e.g., artistic, scientific)
Exposure to Pornography:
values and attitude changes
behavior changes (disinhibition)
Four-Factor Syndrome:
"Obscenity" Criteria:
Effects of Sexual Media
5. violence seem realistic
4. minimal consequences to victim
3. violence goes unpunished
2. violence seems justified
Acting Out: tendency to copy behavior
Desensitization: illegal, antisocial material becomes less shocking
Escalation: craving more
Addiction: wanting more content
1996: Telecommunication Act
1970s: Surgeon General's report
1950s: Seduction of the Innocent
*See new regulations for comic books
Fredrick Wertham linked comic books to juvenile deliquency
Noted concern of media's effect on children's well being
Introduced parental control technology (v-chip)
and TV rating system
(e.g., vigilante)
Violence and Realism
Violence and Humor
TV news footage of Vietnam War at 3:00
Obscenity (criminal offense)
vs. Indecency (FCC fines)
"Prevailing Tone"
lacks artistic value
outside of cultural context
Four major effects of consuming pornography
(29:50 - 31:55)

Pointed profanity – by either title or lip – this includes the words "God," "Lord," "Jesus," "Christ" (unless they be used reverently in connection with proper religious ceremonies), "hell," "damn," "Gawd,"
Any licentious or suggestive nudity – in fact or in silhouette
The illegal traffic in drugs;
Any inference of sex perversion;
White slavery;
Miscegenation (sex relationships between the white and black races);
Sex hygiene and venereal diseases;
Scenes of actual childbirth – in fact or in silhouette;
Children's sex organs;
Ridicule of the clergy;
Willful offense to any nation, race or creed;

Hay Code 1930:

General standards—Part A

(1) Crimes shall never be presented in such a way as to create sympathy for the criminal, to promote distrust of the forces of law and justice, or to inspire others with a desire to imitate criminals.

(3) Policemen, judges, Government officials and respected institutions shall never be presented in such a way as to create disrespect for established authority.

(6) In every instance good shall triumph over evil and the criminal punished for his misdeeds.

(11) The letters of the word “crime” on a comics-magazine cover shall never be appreciably greater in dimension than the other words contained in the title. The word “crime” shall never appear alone on a cover.

General standards—Part B

(5) Scenes dealing with, or instruments associated with walking dead, torture, vampires and vampirism, ghouls, cannibalism, and werewolfism are prohibited.

General standards—Part C


(1) Nudity in any form is prohibited, as is indecent or undue exposure.

(4) Females shall be drawn realistically without exaggeration of any physical qualities.

Marriage and sex

(1) Divorce shall not be treated humorously nor represented as desirable.

(2) Illicit sex relations are neither to be hinted at nor portrayed. Violent love scenes as well as sexual abnormalities are unacceptable.

(3) Respect for parents, the moral code, and for honorable behavior shall be fostered. A sympathetic understanding of the problems of love is not a license for morbid distortion.

(4) The treatment of live-romance stories shall emphasize the value of the home and the sanctity of marriage.

(5) Passion or romantic interest shall never be treated in such a way as to stimulate the lower and baser emotions.

D – Suggestive dialogue (not used with TV-MA[13])
L – Coarse language
S – Sexual content
V – Violence
FV – Fantasy violence (exclusive to TV-Y7)

TV Parental Guidelines
CW's response to the Parents Television Council's criticism of the show:
Saving Private Ryan
Super Bowl 2004
excitation transfer
Full transcript