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Branches of Government

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by

Julie Gardner

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Branches of Government

Separation of Powers in the Government
The Legislative Branch
The Executive Branch
The Judicial Branch
The
Legislative Branch
is the
lawmaking arm
of the US government.
The Senate
The House of Representatives
The House of Representative is part of the US Congress, while the other part is the Senate. There is 435 Representatives required by law. The Houses' major responsibility is to pass laws that will effect the country. Their exclusive powers are to impeach government officials and elect a US President is the Electoral college does not have a majority. The length of a term for a Representative is 2 years.
The President
Current President:
Barack Obama
Characteristics of A Proper President
1.
Being a trustworthy person
2.
Having an acute and adequate sense of responsibility
3.
Being a objective and fair individual
4.
Not caring only for themselves, but for the well-being of their nation.
5.
Proof of Citizenship
Presidential Succession
If the
President
is removed or killed during their term, the 25th Amendment states that the
Vice President
will take the place.
If the Vice President is unable to
,
the current
Speaker of the House
will, then the
President pro Tempore of the Senate
shall, only if the
Speaker of the House
can not.
The Vice President
Current Vice President:
Joseph Biden
Length of Term and Appointing Process
Length of term:
The term lasts a lifetime, until they must resign because they are to elderly to go on or their 'good behavior is infringed upon.
Supreme Court Cases
Judicial Checks and Balances
On The Executive Branch:
1.
The Supreme Court can declare executive acts unconstitutional
On The Legislative Branch:

1.
The Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
(aka Judicial Review)
Executive Checks and Balances
On The Executive Branch:
1.
The President can veto the acts of Congress.
2.
The President can suggest laws and send messages to Congress.
Powers and Responsibilities of Congress
Legislative Checks and Balances
On The Executive Branch:

1.
Congress can impeach and remove the president
2.
Congress controls spending of money
Supreme Court Members
Chief Justice:
John G. Roberts Jr.

Supreme Court Duties
The Supreme Court's duties are:
1.
Interpret the meaning of a US law
2.
Deciding whether a law is relevant to a situation or set of facts
3.
Decide how a law should be applied

Associate Justices:
Elena Kagan
,
Sonia M. Satomayor
,
Samuel A. Alito Jr.
,
Stephen G. Breyer
,
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
,
Thomas Clarence,

Anthony M. Kennedy
, and
Antonin Scalia
On The Judicial Branch:

1.
Congress can impeach and remove federal judges
2.
Congress establishes lower federal courts
1.
Making laws
2.
Declare war
3.
Raise and/or provide money from taxes
4.
Impeach or try federal officers
5.
Approve presidential appointments
6.
Approve treaties
7.
Supervise and investigate
On The Judicial Branch:
1.
The President appoints federal judges.
2.
The President can grant reprieves and pardons for federal crimes.
1.
Assist the President and perform any duties mentioned by the law
2.
Conduct meetings if the President is absent, in need of an opposing debate team, or is unable to vote on a movement because it is about themselves
3
. Assume the duties of the President if they can no longer
.
The President acts mainly as 7 things:
1. Chief of State
2. Chief Executive
3. Chief Diplomat
4. Commander-in-Chief
5. Chief Legislator
6. Chief of Party
7. Chief Guardian of the Economy
The
Department of State
superintends international relations
The
Department of Defense
oversees national defense and the armed forces.
The
Department of the Treasury
is in charge of financial and fiscal issues
The
Department of the Interior
oversees natural resource use and land owned by the government
The
Department of Agriculture
is responsible for policies on food, farming, and agricultural trade
The
Department of Labor
is responsible for workplace safety and occupational regulations
The
Department of Health and Human

Services
is responsible for the well-being and health of Americans
The
Department of Housing and Urban Development
is in charge of planning cities and making affordable living conditions available
The
Department of Transportation
oversees transportation rules and regulations
The
Department of Energy
is responsible for Nuclear waste clean up and disposal along with researching new methods of energy production
The
Department of Education
is responsible for dealing with public school systems
The
Department of Veteran Affairs
is responsible for benefits, programs, and charities for US veterans
The
Department of Homeland Security
ensure domestic security for the citizens
The
Department of Commerce
is concerned with economic growth in the country
The presidential cabinet is an elected group of advisers selected to guide the president to best govern the country. There are fifteen departments that advise the president, as well as 7 more people separate for those departments.
President's Cabinet
The
Department of Justice
is responsible for enforcing the law.
Secretary:
John Kerry
Secretary:
Jack Lew
Secretary:
Chuck Hagel
Attorney General:
Eric H. Holder Jr.
Secretary:
Sally Jewell
Secretary:
Thomas J. Vilsack
Secretary:
Penny Pritzker
Secretary:
Thomas E. Perez
Secretary:
Kathleen Sebelius
Secretary:
Shaun L.S. Donovan
Secretary:
Anthony Foxx
Secretary:
Ernest Moniz
Secretary:
Arne Duncan
Secretary:
Eric K. Shinseki
Acting Secretary:
Rand Beers
Other Cabinet-ranking members:
1.
White House Chief of Staff:
Denis McDonough
2.
Environmental Protection Agency, Administrator:
Gina McCarthy
3.
Office of Management & Budget, Director:
Sylvia Burwell
4.
United States Trade Rep., Ambassador:
Michael Froman
5.
US Mission to the UN, Ambassador:
Samantha Power
6.
Council of Economic Advisers, Chairman:
Jason Furman
7.
Small Business Administration, Acting Administrator:
Jeanne Hulit

The Senate is a bicameral, or two part, legislative chamber that combined with the House of Representatives, makes up Congress. The Senate is comprised of 100 people, 2 from every state. The length of a term in the Senate is 6 years. They have exclusive powers such as agreeing to a treaty or confirming appointments with important government officials and dignitaries.
Qualifications to be a Senator:
1.
Must be at least 30 years old
2.
Must have been a US citizen for the past 9 years, at the least
3.
Must live in the state they wish to be a Senator for at the time of election
Qualifications to be Eligible for the Senate:
Qualifications to be in The House of Representatives
1.
Must be at least 25 years or older
2.
Have been a US citizen for at least 7 years prior to running for election
3.
Live in the state they are choosing to Represent
Cases are presented to the Supreme Court 3 ways:
1.
Cases were the Supreme Court originally had control. As in cases were a state is a party and is dealing with diplomatic or government officials.
2.
Cases advanced from lower federal courts can receive hearing from the Supreme Court. Some laws obligate the Supreme Court to hear them. Most come up for review on the writ of certiorari (a common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case). The writ is granted if four of the justices want it to be heard.
3.
The US Supreme Court reviews appeals from any state supreme courts that present substantial "federal questions," usually when a constitutional right or law has been denied or broken.
Appointing Process:
New Justices for the Supreme Court are nominated by the President, but the Senate must approve by majority vote.
Full transcript