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3A- Characteristics and processes of socio-cultural change
Transcript of 3A- Characteristics and processes of socio-cultural change
Jhanry Banagen, Qassay Ibrahim, Mark Marquez, and Keszciah Sack
What is Socio-Cultural change?
Sociologists’ main interest is in Social change while of the;
Anthropologists’ is in culture.
Change is something universal and it occurs in society, culture and personality.
Changes are taking place in small groups, communities, and modern societies and as well as the process of globalization.
“Social change is the process by which whole societies, social institutions, patterns and interaction, work and leisure activities, roles and norms are altered or modified” (Colkin, 1984:469)
There is fundamental change in the pattern of structure and social behavior overtime.
Culture change refers to alteration in the technology or the emergence of new values.
Included here are changes in tools and material culture; changes in norms, values and knowledge, changes in norms of morality, ethics, and propriety
Culture change and social may occur concomitantly
“Culture can be viewed as the background against which the social drama is played” (Bassis, Gelles, and Levine, 1991:82)
Social cultural change varies in aspect, rate, scope(range) and direction.
Characteristics of Socio-cultural change
“There are certain characteristics of sociocultural change”(Maciones, 1997:638-639)
Changes in societies and patterns of interaction are often related to changes in the culture, such as the alteration in technology or the introduction of new values.
Social change is a natural and inevitable part of every society.
Social change is sometimes intentional but often unplanned
Ogburn’s theory of cultural lag states that at times there is a disparity in the rate of change between the different elements of the culture-of the material and non-material(1992:200-201)
Social changes sometimes generates controversy. Can bring both positive and negative.
Sources of social changes
Social and cultural change is usually the product of a complex interaction among many factors
Sources of Social Change
“The result of interplay of various social and non-social factors like geographic environment, the people’s motor skills and other abilities, technology, the values and beliefs of the people, social organizations, and social norms bring about changes in people’s values and behavior patterns and in the culture and structure of their society” Zanden(1993:387-389), and Hicks and Gwynne(1994:334-347)
The influence of natural environment
Conflict and Change
Ideas and Change
“As the base becomes more complex and diverse, the number of elements can be combined in an immense number of ways. This can be observed in highly urbanized and complex society” (Shepard 1984:124)
Processes of social change
The pace of social change through invention is closely tied to the complexity of the social and cultural base.
Process of Social Change
Changes are always taking place, no society can remain just that.
Anthropologist look at cultures and how they change in terms of basic processes, namely, innovation and diffusion.
Social-cultural change is dependent upon innovation nor the introduction of some new object or idea, both in technology and in social organization.
Invention is the creation of new culture complex or pattern by the combination of known existing elements the creation of new rules for their use as unique combination.
All Cultures are inherently predisposed to change and, at the same time, to resist change. There are dynamic processes operating that encourage the acceptance of new ideas and things while there are others that encourage changeless stability.