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Transcript of Anatomy
To understand how Anatomy and Asana join to create a safe yoga practice
I will understand:
the Importance of Anatomy and how it pertains to yoga
Why joint stability and optimal alignment are so important
divides body front to back
divides body into Left and right
divides body into top and bottom
Planes of Motion
What are the applications to yoga?
There are Three main anatomical groups in the body:
Bones - regrow
Cartilage - do not regrow hypovascular
Joints - hypovascular
link between 2 bones/bones to cartilage
Where are the joints in your body?
origin, insertion, action(vascular)
attach muscles to bones (avascular)
Why do we need to know this?
Autonomic Nervous System
1. Sympathetic "fight, flight, fright"
"rest and digest"
Agonist and Antagonist
Why are we learning about this?
What poses have agonist vs. antagonist?
What poses are eccentric vs. concentric?
what poses are isometric vs. isotonic?
Applications to Yoga?!
Application to Yoga?
Ankle, Knee and Pelvic Chain
Top most: Diaphragm
Bottom most: Pelvic Diaphragm
2. Obliques (external, internal)
Voluntary and involuntary actions
Support in postures
Movements to strengthen and stretch
duh duh duh....Pesky Psoas!!!!
Stabilize the scapula against the ribcage
Divided into 4 segments
1. Cervical (7)
2. Thoracic (12) - ribs?!
3. Lumbar (5)
4. Sacral (1 ~ 5 fused)
[Also a coccyx - but that's vestigial]
Importance of Anatomy
What holds up on standing postures?
Muscles move bones, joints stack.
2. Efficiency of Movement:
proper alignment, proper engagement of muscles
3. Physiological Effects of Yoga:
Why do we do yoga?
What efffects do we feel during and after the class?
Blood. (circulatory system)
Two types of Blood Vessels
How much blood in Human body compared with what your Cardiac Output could be.
Lymph. (lymphatic system)
One way system, but no valves
Enters blood stream at subclavian veins
Fluid Connective Tissue
Myogenic control mechanism
Heart beat (two cardiac cells beat like one!)
Three types of muscle
Types of action:
- Jelly donut
Functions of Spine?
Areas of most & least mobility in spine?
Motions of the spine
Forward Flexion and Extension
Lateral Flexion and Extension
building to motion
Ankle: is a joint - movement between Talus and Tibia
Knee: is a joint between the femur and Tibia = it is a way station for force transmission
- Structures of the knee
Hip: major weight bearing joint between pelvis and femur bone.
- Opposites React!
Why is learning about the foot knee and pelvis important?
Where can we use this in yoga?
Applications to Yoga
Joints are most susceptible to injury.
How can we protect our Joints?
Arm and Shoulder Joint
Muscles of stability but not power
INJURY FREE IS THE WAY TO BE!!!
Why do we breath?
How do we breath?
What does breathing do?
Belly vs. chest breathing
- bad habits and injuries
Where can you use this in your asana practice?
Arm movement and at wrist (flexion, extension vs. supination,pronation)
Most stable joint in hand?
Arm and Hand
Hyper extension of elbow
Hyperextension of the Knee
What does this mean to you?
Lets everything together and break down a few postures.
How can we cue it?!
How does this fit with planes of motion?