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The Industrial Revolution
Transcript of The Industrial Revolution
Let there be Industry!
Starting It In Britain
It started in late 19th century Britain. They were the first to utilize their own resources and industrialize. They had many experts that advanced themselves in industrializing. They kept these revolutionary ideas to themselves, putting strict regulation on where these plans are being used. It worked until 1807, where William Cockerill opened up machine factories in Belgium. Once this innovation got out, the countries around the world started industrializing. Some countries were able to quickly catch up with Britain.
Ellis, E., & Esler, A. (n.d.). The industrial revolution spreads. In Prentice Hall World History (pp. 660-666). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.
The industrial Revolution began in Britain around the late 1700s. Later, it spread to Europe and America. Practially, the whole world became industrialized. Manufactures utilized machinery and mass labor. Industrilazation was the purpose for power, factories, mass production, and the advancement of technology. Even though industrilization had ruthless buisnesses and bad working conditions, especially for the poor, it increased the manufacturing of goods, employment, technology, and not to mention the economy.
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Other countries were able to catch up to Britain so quickly because they had more resources. Nations like Germany, France, and the U.S. caught up to an abundant supply of resources. In the 1900s, the U.S. Produced 30% of the worlds goods. Russia, however, didn't industrialize not because of the lack of resources but due to political and social problems; they industrialized until the late-19th century. Japan lacked resources, but the politics of 1868 prioritized on mondernization and industrialization. There was fierce competition between nations.
During the Industrial Revolution, many new inventions and innovations spurred up. There were many scientists who specialized in inventing particular things. This technology helped in many ways such as agriculture production, factory production, transportation, communication, and plenty more!
Before the automobile was invented, German inventor Nikolaus Otto created the first gas-powered internal combustion engine. Then came the automobile, which revolved around the inter combustion engine. It was 1886, where Karl Benz, the founder of Mercedes-Benz, invented the first car, known as the Benz Patent Motorwagen. A predecessor to the modern car, the Motorwagen was a three-wheel, gas powered carriage, steered with only a handle. Later, in 1887 Gottlieb Daimler patented his own version of the Motorwagen, changing it from a three wheel automobile, which was considered to be more practical. Nearly thirty years later, Henry Ford patented the Model-T, a car able to reach a speed of 25 MPH. The Model-T was manufactured on a large scale, due to another invention by Henry Ford: the assembly line, making the Model-T the first common & affordable car. The Model-T was cheap to the point of being the most commonly owned car in The U.S. by 1920. Ford later became the largest automobile manufacturer in the U.S. , producing no only cars but also heavy machinery, such as the Thresher, which boosted crop production in America.
In 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright flew a flimsy airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Many doubted about air travel, even Orville himself doubted his innevation. But by the 1920's, the first instance of commercial airplanes appeared.
Rise of Electricity
Electricity was a big breakthrough in the industrial revolution. It was first tinkered with by Benjamin Franklin in the 1700s. In the mid-1800s, English chemist Michael Faraday created the first dynamo, or electric generator. In 1870, Thomas Edison invented the lightbulb. This aided industries to go manufacture overnight.
There were several industrial inventions pertained to agriculture. With the invention of the internal combustion engine, machines like the thresher and the reaper were invented as shown below, respectively. These machines helped increase crop output by harvesting and planting more efficiently. Chemists aided agricultural production was well by inventing fertilizer, pushing crop output even further.
William kelly hired Henry Bessemer to assist him in making steel. Steel is lighter and more durable, alloy derived from iron which is cheap to manufacture. This process of converting iron to steel was refered to as the Bessemer Process. Steel production skyrockted; one notable example is Germany whose production tripled in three decades from 1880.
In 1843, Samuel F.B. Morse invented the telegraph. The telegraph sends a coded message that is encrypted by two different types of beeps, long and short. This type of communication was sent over wirelines across each country. By the 1860s the first successful trans-Atlantic cable was able to sent messages from North America to Europe. By 1876, Scottish-born Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone. By 1897, Italian Guglielmo Marconi invented the radio, which carries wireless messages through the air as a transverse wave.