Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


The Early Hebrews

No description

Sam Mandeville

on 20 May 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Early Hebrews

Originally desert nomads, the Hebrews established a great kingdom called Israel. The Early Hebrews Abraham Return to Canaan Hebrews According to Hebrew Bible, God told Abraham to move his family out of Mesopotamia to go west.

God promised to lead Abraham to a new land and create a mighty nation.

Moved to Canaan, where many of
his descendants (the Israelites)
stayed. Some moved to Egypt.

Israelites lived well in Egypt.

Pharaoh feared Israelites would grow powerful and made them slaves. Exodus and Moses 1200s BC -- Moses demanded the pharaoh to free Israelites

Pharaoh refused --> series of plagues (disasters) strike Egypt

Out of fear, Pharaoh freed Israelites

EXODUS - journey of Israelites from Egypt to Canaan after being freed
Israelites believed they were set free because God loved them

Journey took them through the desert and Mount Sinai

TEN COMMANDMENTS - code of moral laws given to Moses by God
Israelites agreed to worship God
Values - human life, self-control, and justice

Story had an impact throughout history Israelites had to fight for Canaan

Victory --> building their own society

Small, scattered communities
Women did housework chores -- grinding grain, making garments
Men were either fishermen or shepards

No central government
Selected judges enforce laws and settle disputes

New leadership was called for... C. 2000 to 1500 BC -- Hebrews appear in S.W. Asia

Simple herders

Info comes from early accounts and archeology
accounts became the Hebrew Bible
describe early history and Judaism The religion of the Hebrews Kings Unite Israelites Mid-1000s BC: Philistines invade Israelites' lands

Saul becomes first king of Israel
Wasn't a strong king

Slays the Philistine giant Goliath
Admired for military skills and poetry
Became king after Saul
Full support of Israel's leaders
Established capital of Jerusalem King Solomon Son of David

Expanded the kingdom

New allies - Egypt and Phoenicia

Trade increased wealth in Israel
Money went to new temple in Jerusalem

Died in 930 BC -- disputes over king Invaders Israel torn apart into two kingdoms
Israel = Israelites
Judah = Jews

Assyrians defeat Israel around 722 BC
Kingdom fell apart and people scattered

Judah was eventually defeated by Chaldeans Dispersal of Jews 586 BC - Chaldeans capture Jerusalem and destroy Solomon's temple

Babylonian Captivity - march of Jews to Babylon to become slaves for Chaldeans

530 BC - Persians conquer Chaldeans and release Jews

DIASPORA - dispersal of the Jews outside of Israel and Judah after the Babylonian Captivity

Some Jews did return to Jerusalem
Rebuilt Solomon's temple --> Second Temple

Jews were under Persian control until 330s BC Independence and Conquest Continuous foreign control

160s BC - Maccabee family led successful revolt against Persians

63 BC - Jews were conquered by Romans
Heavy taxes
Romans had no respect for Jewish religion and way of life
Roman rulers appointed high priests
Jews couldn't stand it! Women in Israelite Society Had few rights
Had to obey father and husbands
Couldn't choose husband
Couldn't own property. All property went to brothers

Great contributions
Political leaders -- Queen Esther and judge Deborah
Spiritual leaders -- Miriam (sister of Moses)
Ruth -- model of devotion to one's family
Full transcript