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Burgess and Hoyt Land Use Models
Transcript of Burgess and Hoyt Land Use Models
Similar land uses attracted other similar land uses, concentrating a function in a particular area and repelling others.
Once an area had developed a distinctive land use, or function, it tended to retain that land use as the city extended outwards.
Urban development is arranged in sectors that radiate out from the CBD. Theory Illustration Burgess Theory Wealthy people, who could afford the highest rates chose the best sites (competition based on 'ability to pay' resolved land use conflicts.
Wealthy residents could afford private cars or public transport and so lived further from indutry and nearer to main roads.
The attraction of similar land uses leads to 'sector' development. Assumptions the city was built on flat land which gave equal advantages in all directions
the further away from the CBD the better the quality of housing
transport systems were of limited significance being easy, rapid and cheap in every direction
distance decay from the CBD
poorer classes had to live near to the city center since they cold not afford transport or expensive housing
no concentrations of heavy industry Assumptions The model depicts urban land use in concentric rings Theory based on/applied to Chicago
Burgess predicted that once a city is fully developed it would take the form of five concentric rings depicting various land usage
Areas of social and physical deterioration are located near the city centre and more prosperous areas located near the edge of the city
This theory attempts to show the spatial distribution of social problems (eg. unemployment, crime) Burgess model applied to the map of Chicago Limitations Examples (Burgess) Chicago Chicago in the 1920's and also current Chicago fits the Burgess Model but not perfectly as there are limitations to this model. The Loop in Chicago is the name of the CDB there and this is the most accessible and also the main central area of the city. Burgess Model Limitations CDB - Hoyt Model Right outside the loop are many industrial activities taking place and this is the place with the highest employ rates and most transport terminals in the city. Also in Chicago this industrial zone takes advantage of the nearby labor from the CBD. Factory/Industry - Working Class Housing - Working Class Housing in Chicago contains the poorest population of the urban area which is also known as the 'Ghetto' area in Chicago where there is a low cost of living and mainly first generation immigrants. This zone is also used for other activities such as expanding industrial activities. Middle Class Housing - In the middle class housing there is a better cost and quality of living compared to the third zone and in Chicago this zone mainly consists of apartment houses. Commuter Zone - This is the area in Chicago where the wealthier people live such as businessmen and owners and in Chicago in these commute areas there are single family dwelling and also a bungalow section. Examples (Hoyt) Newcastle upon Tyne The city of Newcastle upon Tyne is located in North East England and fits the Hoyt Model. The CBD is located near the center of the city between Haymarket, Quayside, Central Station, Grainger Town, Grey's Monument, Chinatown and Gallowgate. Buildings to the left(close to the CBD) are industrial buildings and factories and areas to the further left are low class residential areas. On the right there are better residents and a pleasant quality of life seen by the high class residential areas.