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Nick Coscia

on 29 September 2014

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Transcript of Modernism

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Destruction: WWI caused the literature in the modern era to reflect on the current state of the world (destruction and chaos).
Fragmentation: In a way, the theme of destruction resembles the theme of fragmentation. The difference is fragmentation is defined by the breakage of characters, plot, and the narrative form.
Loss and Exile: In modernist literature, man is confident that his own sense of ethics surpasses, but the feelings of individualism are defined by isolation and loss.
Social Evils: In novels, displays how evil and cruel a man can be. It can also reflect evils in race, society, and class differences.
Narrative Authority: Another element of modernist literature is the prevalent use of personal pronouns. Authority becomes a matter of perspective. There is no longer an anonymous, omniscient third-person narrator, as there is no universal truth, according to the modernists.
Elements in Literature
Franz Kafka:
The Metamorphosis
T.S. Eliot:
The Waste Land
F. Scott Fitzgerald:
The Great Gatsby
Ernest Hemingway:
A Farewell to Arms
William Faulkner:
The Sound and the Fury
Paul Sartre:
Albert Camus:
The Stranger
Claude Mckay:
If We Must Die
Langston Hughes:
The Weary Blues
Jean Toomer:
November Cotton Flower
Literature Examples
Modernism is a writing style popularized in the late 19th and early 20th century. It is characterized by writing that subverts traditional ideas and instead represents new era ideals. A philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society.
The Modernist movement was predicated by the works of many late 19th century writers such as Fyodor Dostoyevesky, Walt Whitman, and August Strindberg. The modernist literature change ties into the aftermath of World War I which provided an even more dramatic change to the modernist movement, further pushing a sense of disillusionment and innovating new literary techniques. The first characteristic associated with modernism is nihilism, the rejection of all religious and moral principles as the only means of obtaining social progress. The rules of conduct were a restrictive and limiting force over the human spirit. The modernists believed that for an individual to feel whole and a contributor to the re-vitalization of the social process, he or she needed to be free of all the encumbering baggage of hundreds of years of hypocrisy. One of the causes of this iconoclasm was the fact that early 20th-century culture was literally re-inventing itself on a daily basis. As a consequence of the new technological dynamics, the modernists felt a sense of constant anticipation and did not want to commit to any one system that would thereby harness creativity, ultimately restricting and annihilating it. And so, in the arts, for instance, at the beginning of the 20th-century, artists questioned academic art for its lack of freedom and flirted with so many isms: secessionism, fauvism, expressionism, cubism, futurism, constructivism, dada, and surrealism. Pablo Picasso, for instance, went as far as experimenting with several of these styles, never wanting to feel too comfortable with any one style.
Bossy, Michel-André.
Artists, Writers, and Musicians: An Encyclopedia of People Who Changed the World
. Westport, CT: Oryx, 2001. Print.

Farley, Audrey.
Elements of Modernism in American Literature,
The Classroom. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

"Modernism." Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1995. 1236. Print.

The Literature Network .
Literary Periods and History Timeline, 2008. Web. 9 September 2014.

"Modernism." - Literature Periods & Movements. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.

"Modern Era." British Museum -. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.

"Modernism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Sept. 2014. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.

"The Roaring Twenties." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.

"History of Modernism." History of Modernism. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.

Modern Era
Surfaced from the extreme changes by the industrial revolution that began in the late 18th century.
Almost opposite of Romanticism as is doesn't focus much on nature, being and history.
Intellectuals and artists saw the previous generations ways and how they did things as something that would just lead the world to a cultural dead end.
The beginning of the distinction between “high” art and “low” art.
Prevalent during the roaring twenties, an age of dramatic social and political change.
Jake is Ugly
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