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Adaptations; Animal Camouflage

AACS YODA lesson plan
by

Megan Healy

on 17 August 2014

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Transcript of Adaptations; Animal Camouflage

Animal
Camouflage

ADAPTATIONS
Color Changers
MIMICRY
A type of camouflage where the animal has the same coloring/markings or appearance as another animal or something in its environment...
When an animal's fur or skin is the same color as its surroundings.

When the surroundings change, the animals' fur/skin can also change color to match its environment..
Counter Shading
When an animal is counter-shaded, the upper part of its body (back) is dark and the underpart (belly) is lighter in color.
Many creatures that live in the trees or water are counter-shaded.
DISRUPTIVE COLORATION
what is camouflage?
Why would camouflage be important to animals?
Humans & Camouflage
Animals are not the only ones that use camouflage...
Although we don't have it naturally, humans can still create different things to help us camouflage into
our surroundings..
Camouflage is an adaptation or change in appearance that helps many animals avoid detection from predators or prey.

Usually this means that the colors, patterns, designs, or shapes on an animal help them blend into their natural environments....
it helps animals hide from predators or catch prey

can trick other animals into thinking they are poisonous/dangerous or something uninteresting...
Some Color
Changers like frogs, chameleons, insects, and water animals can change rapidly at any moment...
While some animals
only change with
the seasons...
Coral King Snake
vs
Scarlet King Snake
Some animals use mimicry to look like other, poisonous animals
The Monarch Butterfly
&
The Viceroy Butterfly
And some
animals use
mimicry to
look like
completely
different
animals
Bumblebee & Robber Fly
Hawk Moth Caterpillar
Emperor Moth
Fox Squirrel
A squirrel's back-side is typically darker in color to blend in with the ground & tree bark, while its belly is lighter to match the sky or light colored leaves...
Grey Reef Shark
When looking up at this shark, its light colored belly blends into the sky, but if you look down at it, the shark's darker back blends into the bottom of the ocean floor
Other Examples
Disruptive coloration is a way of confusing the eye.
It breaks up the solid outline of an animals body so that is is harder to see and recognize.
Disruptive Coloration is most helpful to animals who travel in groups or have lots of patterning like...
Zebras
Raccoon Butterfly Fish
The Cheetah
Chameleon
Goldenrod Spider
Octopus
Ermine
Arctic Hare
Caribou
Other
Examples...
White Tail Deer
Polar Bear
&
Snowy Owl
Sources
Council for Environmental Education. Project Wild K-12 Curriculum & Activity Guide. Houston ; Council for Environmental Education
Science Kids; Fun Science & Technology for Kids. Animal lesson plans: Animal Camouflage Activity. www.sciencekids.co.nz/lessonplans/animals/caouflage.html
Mrs. Art Teachers; K-8 Art Lessons. Camouflage Critters. www.applesloveorangespdx.blogspot.com
Google Images
Some animals look like leaves or twigs or other boring things from their environments that other animals wouldn't notice...
Full transcript