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Copy of 'Where and How Does Urban Design Happen?'

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Martina Aleksandrova

on 9 May 2015

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Transcript of Copy of 'Where and How Does Urban Design Happen?'

1956
'Where and How Does Urban Design Happen?'
The Bridge Between Planning and Architecture
A Form-Based Category of Public Policy
'Urban design as public policy.'
The Architecture of the City

Shaping public space is considered the first order of urbanism by the architect/urbanist. Thus, the primary role of urban design is to develop methods and mechanisms for doing this. This process allows the rest of the city, all that is private, to distribute itself logically and properly in relationship to this public realm.
Urban Design as Smart Growth

While there has been a strong association of urban design with
“downtowns,”
demand for
suburban growth management
and reinvestment strategies for the older rings around city centers has gathered many advocates.

Urban Design as ‘Place-Making’
Creating exceptional places to serve human purposes has always been central to the design professions.

“Place-making”-
the provision of distinctive, lively, appealing centers for congregation to alleviate the perceived homogeneity of many and large contemporary urban areas.

Urban Design as Community Advocacy (or Doing no Harm)
“urban design”
is increasingly coming to be associated with
local
,
immediate concerns
such as
improving neighborhoods
,
calming traffic
,
minimizing
negative
impacts
of new development, expanding housing choices while keeping
housing affordable
,
maintaining open space
,
improving streetscapes
, and creating more humane environments in general.


The Infrastructure of the City
The
arrangement of streets and blocks
, the
distribution of open and public spaces
, the
alignment of transit and highway corridors
, and the provision of municipal services certainly constitute
essential components
of
city design
.
Alex Krieger
‘Urban design is the collaborative and multi-disciplinary process of shaping the physical setting for life in cities, towns and villages; the art of making places; design in an urban context.’
http://www.udg.org.uk/about/what-is-urban-design
architecture
planning
landscape
architecture
civil
engineering
URBAN DESIGN
Urban Design as Visionary Urbanism
Long-standing expectation of urban design
: that its practitioners— or rather, in this instance, its theorists— provide insight and models about the way we ought to organize spatially in communities and not simply accept the ways we do.
Urban Design as Restorative Urbanism
'A Pattern Language'
Urban Design as “Landscape Urbanism”
In the past few years a new school of thought about cities has emerged:
“landscape urbanism.”
Its proponents seek to incorporate
ecology
,
landscape architecture
, and
infrastructure
into the discourse of urbanism.
International conference at the Harvard University
URBAN DESIGN DISCIPLINE
'the art of building '
'systematic nature of planning '
'the most creative phase of city planning,in which imagination and artistic capacities play an important role '
Jose Luis Sert

10 'spheres of urbanistic action'
What urban designers do ?

Mediate between plans and projects.

The role of the urban designer is to translate the objectives of planning regarding space, settlement patterns and even the allocation of resources, into (mostly) physical strategies to guide the work of
architects, developers and other implementers.
Jonathan Barnett 1974
This approach was to incorporate many more formal and aesthetic judgments— indeed much more judgment, period—into a standard zoning ordinance, and especially into the permitting and evaluative process.
'Urban Project
'
1970-1980
1977
The form of the pre-industrial western city— compact, dense, layered, and slow-changing .The traditional city seems at once clearly organized, humanely sized, manageable, and beautiful. Such virtues seem absent in the modern metropolis.

Christopher Alexander advocate a return to what they consider time tested principles of urbanism.
To actually manage metropolitan growth requires dealing with needs— like
land conservation
,
water management
, and
transportation
—that cut across jurisdictional boundaries.
'Urban design is less a technical discipline than a mind- set among those of varying disciplinary foundations seeking, sharing, and advocating insights about forms of community.'
Alex Krieger
Full transcript