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Scarlet Letter and

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Sheela Kian

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Scarlet Letter and

a religious reform movement in the
late 16th and 17th centuries
relationship with God to redeem one from one's sinful actions
Puritans strongly followed the
Bible as their daily guide to life
harsh on women
, women seen as inferior beings needing to be dominated by male figures,
“the weaker vessel in both body and mind”
males were the leaders, therefore women were more inferior
men weren't influenced by their wives
those who went against the deeds of the Bible
were set as outsiders who didn't belong to a community of Puritans
children: Paula Frias and Nicolas Frias
literary work: magic realism, uses fantasy and myth to override time and place
Daughter of Fortune-> written in 1999
Other literary works: Of Love and Shadows, The Infinite Plan (1993), Zorro (2005)
The Scarlet Letter: Characters
Roger Chillingworth
Reverend Arthur Dimmesdale
Hester Prynne
main character; protagonist
young, immature, inexperienced, passionate, and strong
wears the letter "A," which signifies Hester as an "adulterer"
she becomes alienated because of her actions
helps her become more observant about her community, especially its treatment on women
she accepts her fate and lives on with it
The Scarlet Letter
published in 1850
written by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Genre: historical fiction, Romanticism
Setting: middle of the seventeenth century; Boston, Massachusetts
place during the Puritan Era & transcendentalist movement
"The Scarlet Letter"
"Daughter of Fortune"

born: August 2, 1942 in Lima, Peru
Still alive-Age 71
uncle (Salvador Allende) was former president of Chile, was assassinated
uncle's death caused her to leave Chile and find refuge in Venezuela
By: Sheela Kian & Marsha Lee
Hester Prynne
19th century religious & philosophical movement
nature will lead one to manifest in to divinity
revolved around Ralph Waldo Emerson (friend of Hawthorne's)
life should be revolved around nature
let nature consume you
find a relation with the universe
Gold Rush Era
Life time: July 4, 1804 – May 19,1864
Born in Salem, Massachusetts
Added a ‘w’ to his name distinguish himself not to be related to judge, John Hathorne
grew closer to Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller whom impacted Hawthorne to abandon his original beliefs of Puritan and gravitate towards Transcendentalist principles
published 1999
written by: Isabel Allende
Genre: fiction, magic realism
novel takes place during the Gold Rush Era
“But on one side of the portal, and rooted almost at the threshold, was a wild
, covered, in this month of June, with its delicate gems, which might be imagined to offer their
fragrance and fragile beauty
to the prisoner as he went in, and to the condemned criminal as he came forth to his doom, in token that the deep heart of
Nature could pity and be kind to him
. This rosebush, by a strange chance, has been kept alive in history;… It may serve, let us hope, to symbolize some
sweet moral blossom
that may be found along the track, or
relieve the darkening close of a tale of human frailty and sorrow
” (Hawthorne 46).
Due to the social, religious, and romantical impacts they have faced, both Eliza and Hester flourished into independent and individualistic women in a society that once deprived them of their personal freedoms.
DC+IC Thesis


Mama Fresia
Miss Rose
Tao Chien
Joaquin Andieta
Jeremy Sommers
John Sommers

-main female protagonist
-the environment she is presented in affects her behavior she displays
- strong-willed
-Joaquin Andieta vs. Tao Chien
-becomes a "product"
-daughter of happiness
“You cannot wait for that man forever, Eliza. It is a form of madness, like gold fever. You must set a deadline,” (Allende 363).
Scene from pg 394
Tao Chien looked up; he was so startled that a bottle dropped from his hands. Eliza was wearing an elegant dark dress trimmed with white lace. He had seen her only twice in women’s clothing in Valparasio, but he had not forgotten how she had looked.
Do you like me this way?”
“I like you any way. He smiled as he removed his eyeglasses to admire her from a distance.
“My savings…for you to buy another girl, Tao. I planned to look for Joaquin this summer, but I’m not going. I know now I will never find him.”

Daughter of Fortune textual evidence: Patriarchy
"For Jeremy Sommers, lacking a fortune, his good name was more important than life itself. With sacrifice, he had achieved a solid position in the remote port of Valparaiso, and the last thing he wanted in his well-organized life was a tiny baby to disturb his routine, but when Eliza turned up on their doorstep he had to take her in because his resolve crumbled when he saw his sister, Rose, clinging to the babe as if its mother" (Allende 7).
Holding Hands:
-love is powerful
-In Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale and Hester hold hands to face society
-In Daughter of Fortune, Tao Chien and Eliza hold hands to ensure that her inner conflict no longer exist.
Rhetorical devices :
The Scarlet Letter
"Is there no law for it? Truly there is, both in Scripture and the stature-book" (Hawthorne 36).

This is an allusion because it makes a reference to the Bible and the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments state adultery is a sin and whoever commits it should be and will be punish severely and will be forced to live with it forever.
daughter of fortune ending scene
Background Information:
Isabelle Allende
Daughter of Fortune
Background Information:
Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Scarlet Letter

symbol of shame
becomes powerful symbol of identity to Hester
originally intended to mark Hester as an adulterer, then means "Able"
functions as a physical reminder of Hester's sin, but compared to Pearl, a human child, the letter seems insignificant
thus, it's able to point out the meaninglessness of the community's system of judgement and punishment
the child was sent from God, but the letter is merely just a human material
the instability of the letter's meaning calls into question society's ability to reinforce punishments amongst those who sin
primary function within the novel is as a symbol
living version of her mother’s scarlet letter
the physical consequence of sin
however, Pearl is more than just a reminder of her sin
she is also a blessing, she represents not only “sin” but also the vital spirit and passion that engendered that sin
Pearl’s existence gives her mother reason to live, bolstering her spirits when she is tempted to give up
it is only after Dimmesdale is revealed to be Pearl’s father that Pearl can become fully “human.” Until then, she functions in a symbolic capacity as the reminder of an unsolved mystery
Only you can determine your own fate.
Rhetorical Devices:
Daughter of Fortune
The Scarlet Letter
Major conflict:
Her husband failed to join her in Boston following their emigration from Europe. Hester Prynne engages in an extramarital affair with Arthur Dimmesdale. When she gives birth to a child, Hester is condemned by her community and is forced to wear the letter "A" for "adulteror". She also faces revenge from her husband, Chillingworth, who appears just in time to witness her public shaming.
Themes: Sin, experience, and the human condition; the nature of evil; identity and society
Sin, experience, and the human condition; the nature of evil; identity and society
Scene in the last chapter
(pg 396-399)
Tao Chien goes off in his daily routines in buying a newspaper, when he sees on the column headline that Joaquin Murieta had been killed. They go to Freemont to see if it really was him.
"I am free," she replied, holding tightly Tao's hand.

And there stood the minister, with his hand over his heart; and Hester Prynne, with the embroidered letter glimmering on her bosom; and little Pearl, herself a symbol, and the connecting link between those two. They stood in the noon of that strange and solemn splendor, as if it were the light that is to reveal all secrets, and the daybreak that shall unite all who belong to one another.
Social Factors:
-This was when Todd was following Joaquin home because he was really curious of his poor, fellow friend of his life that seemed so mysterious to him.
-“The stench of urine and excrement struck Todd in the face; the crew that policed the neighborhoods with long hooks to clear the drains rarely came here. He now understood Andieta’s precaution in taking off his only pair of shoes: Todd had no idea what he was walking through, only that his feet were sinking into a pestilential broth…he turned back and started back to the Club de la Union to have a drink and read the newspapers, but before he got there he went home, unable to face the contrast between poverty he had just left and those rooms with their leather furniture and crystal chandeliers” (Allende 61-62).
Be not silent from any mistaken pity and tenderness for him; for, believe me, Hester, though he were to step down from a high place, and stand there beside thee on thy pedestal of shame, yet better were it so, then to hide a guilty heart through life. What can thy silence do for him, except tempt him-yea compel him, as it were- to add hypocrisy to sin?
Love's Impacts:
She did not feel the torment of fleas and lice or smell the nauseating stench she had at first been unable to bear, because the drugs deadened her prodigious sense of smell.
Her mission was not to be helping Tao Chien, she would think, but to search for Joaquin; that was why e had come so far, and look for him she would, even if it was just to tell him face-to-face that he was a damned deserter and he had ruined her youth.
Love is Powerful
Daughter of Fortune:
The Scarlet Letter:
Topic Question(s):
What was the role of women? How were they viewed? How have SPRITE factors affected women in society?
the discovery of gold nuggets in the Sacramento Valley in early 1848
thousands of gold miners traveled by sea or over land to San Francisco and the surrounding area
1849-population of non-natives rose to 100,000
compared to 1848-population of non-natives was 1,000
Daughter of Fortune:
The Scarlet Letter:
"Nathaniel Hawthorne- Biography." Nathaniel Hawthorne. 3 May 2014. <http://www.egs.edu/library/nathaniel-hawthorne/biography/>
Shmoop Editorial Team. Shmoop University. "Nathaniel Hawthorne Timeline of Important Dates." Shmoop.com online. November 11, 2008. 4 May 2014.
Sparknotes Online. 3 May 2014. <http://www.sparknotes.com/nofear/lit/the-scarlet-letter/chapter-12/page_3.html>
Nathaniel Hawthorne - American Writer - Biography
Works Cited
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