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Hope Action Network - Project Proposal

Presentation for Sociology 370 - Gender & Development, McGill University

Kimberley Fortin

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of Hope Action Network - Project Proposal

Alessandra Hechanova
Kimberley Fortin
Nirosha Sarugaser
Suzanne Newing Project Proposal PREPARATION Foundation CIDA Phase 1 Phase 2 Budget Our

Training former sex-workers to become social workers
Empowering locals
Providing medical care to HIV patients HOPE Action Network MANDATE
"Manage Canada's support and resources effectively and accountably to achieve meaningful, sustainable results and engage in policy development in Canada and internationally, enabling Canada's effort to realize its development objectives." General/Personal training
Language classes (Thai and English)
Basic knowledge on sex education
Health care training
Legal training
human rights education
Citizenship application process Sex Trafficking in Thailand
Create community groups

Active learning workshops

Pictographic Pamphlets to allow
accessibility to all literacy levels Phase 3 Phase 4 SUSTAINABILITY Mission statement:

The HOPE action network serves to alleviate sex-trafficking within Thailand and the ramifications that it entails. Trafficking in Persons
"The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation." Thailand Laws No laws that specifically address sex tourism
Systematic problems in combating trafficking, mainly corruption Why is it urgent? Timeline Why Fund Our Program Bangkok, Thailand

Three rooms
1. Medical supplies storage room
2. Conference room/Training Facility
3. Networking base Helping Others Promote Empowerment Thailand Population: 69,518,555 (2011)

4,972 GDP/capita ($US)

500,000+ illegal immigrants
most unskilled and unregistered

Unemployment: 495,800 people

Regular migrants: 1,050,459 people

8.1% of population living below poverty line (2009)
~5.6 million people Vocational training
Sex education training
Financial management
Pottery, beading, sewing, and crafting
Wares sold in our office TRAINING IDENTIFIED FORMER SEX WORKERS 6-14 months 0-6 months COMMUNITY OUTREACH 14-22 months Community Building & Mentoring Program (Article 3, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons) In 2011, 73% of human trafficking cases were sexual exploitation (vs. 25% forced labour)

Estimates indicate 70,000-2 million people are involved in Thailand's sex industry Measures in Prevention and Suppression of Trafficking in Women and Children Act (1997)

Anti-trafficking in Persons Act (2008) Acts Addressing
Human Trafficking SEX TRAFFICKING Poverty Tourism Employment Abuse Prostitution wealth Facts about HIV/AIDS Thailand’s HIV burden is unparalleled by other countries in the South East Asia region Increased risk due to
o Compromised ability to refuse sex or negotiate condom use
o Restrictions on mobility and access to preventative health care
o Limited knowledge of STI/HIV
o Isolation and limited access to prevention campaigns
o Violent sexual initiation into sex work 100% Condom
Use Campaign 834,222 people living with HIV (14-24 years old) in 2011 Prevention Educating communities on safe sexual practices to prevent HIV/AIDS
Tools for individuals to find alternative sources of work
Financial planning workshops
Basic and emergency health care
Empowerment and mentorship Re-integration The majority of forced sex labor workers come from Cambodia, Laos and within Thailand itself Implemented in 1990

Free distribution of condoms to red light district

Measurement of success flawed

Profiteering by brothel owners Impedes on sex workers human rights
"Sex trafficking has been highlighted as an unaddressed challenge in Thailand with regard to HIV/AIDS"

Effects not only a vulnerable demographic from Thailand but also from neighbouring countries

Top-down prevention approach ineffective

Impacts future of mothers, children and youth Connect with CBOs, NGOs, safe houses, government and medical institutions

Work with existing government structures
9 permanent long-term safe houses
138 temporary safe houses

Network with Global Action Against Traffic in Women (GAATW)

Identify former sex-workers

Evaluate, understand dynamics of vulnerable minority communities

Internship programs through medical schools in Thailand Minority
Communities First-aid
Anti-retroviral treatment (ARTs) for HIV/AIDS patients

Thai medical professionals and interns
Locally-bought supplies
Collaboration with government services Mobile Medical Clinic Trained GAATW members continue education of former sex-workers

Social workers outreach to communities based on their needs

Prevention vs. Cure
CIDA funding for 3 yrs 1. Alleviates problems of sex trafficking

2. Reintegrates former sex workers into society

3. Provides opportunities to engage in alternative forms of labour

4. Attenuates spread of HIV/AIDS

5. Improves accessibility, greater effectiveness than Thai

6. Bottom-up, participatory approach to development

7. Gender mainstreaming at all phases

8. Social sustainability Thank you! Bibliography Central Office Northern Hill Tribes Historically neglected

Majority do not possess Thai citizenship

Deteriorating and inaccessible health, education and social services

Politically under-represented

Rural-urban migration in search of economic opportunities

Vulnerable to sex trafficking According to the World Bank Thailand Upper-middle-income Economy Lao PDR Lower-middle-income Economy Cambodia and Burma (Myanmar) Low-income Economy Impact Assessment Quantitative Contingency Fund: $150 000 per annum HIV infection rates specific to communities

Employment rate of former sex workers

The number of communities we reach Qualitative Societal reintegration of former sex workers

Intrahousehold decision making power

Male-female equality in access to economic resources in community Leiter et al (2006). “Human Rights Abuses and Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS: The Experience of
Burmese Women in Thailand.” Health and Human Rights (9) 88-111.

Manopaiboon et al (2003). Leaving Sex Work: Barriers, Facilitating Factors and
Consequences for Female Sex Workers in Northern Thailand. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 15(1), 39-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/012021000039743

Palmstrong, B. (2012, June 19). Confined to a thai fishing boat for three years.

Pearson (2006). The Mekong Challenge- Underpaid Overworked and Overlooked: The
realities of young migrant workers in Thailand. ILO Mekong Sub-regional Project
to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women. Bangkok, Thailand.

Peracca et al (1998). Can Prostitutes Marry? Thai Attitudes Toward Female Sex Workers. Social
Science and Medicine. 47 (2). 255-266.

Segrave Marie, Sanja Milivojevic, and Sharon Pickering (2009). Sex Trafficking:
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“The Hill Tribes of Northern Thailand.” Thailand-Guide.org. October, 2011. Retrieved March
30th, 2013. http://www.thailand-guide.org/thailand-nature-tours/hill-tribes.htm

Rojanapithayakorn, W. (2006, November). The 100% condom use programme in Asia.

UNAIDS. (n.d). Thailand Aids Info.

UNAIDS. (2012). Thailand AIDS Response Progress Report 2012.

UNFPA (2004). HIV Prevention in Maternal Health Services: Training Guide. United Nations
Population Fund. New York, NY. UNAIP: UN Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking . (n.d.). Measures in prevention and suppression of trafficking in women and children act. http://www.no-trafficking.org/resources_laws_thailand.htmlUNAIP: UN Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking. (2008). SIREN Human Trafficking Data Sheet. http://www.no-trafficking.org/reports_docs/thailand/datasheet_thailand_oct2008.pdfUNDP. (n.d.) International Human Development Indicators.http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/explorer/UNODC: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2013). Human Trafficking. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/what-is-human-trafficking.html#What_is_Human_TraffickingWawer et al. (1996). Origins and Working Conditions of Female Sex Workers in Urban Thailand: Consequences of Social Context for HIV Transmission. Social Science and Medicine. 42(3). 453-462. World Health Organization: Country Office for Thailand. (2012). Areas of Work – HIV/AIDS. http://www.whothailand.org/en/Section3/Section109.htmWorld Bank. (n.d.) Cambodia. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/cambodiaWorld Bank. (n.d.) Country and Lending Groups.http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groupsWorld Bank. (n.d). GDP per capita (current US$) http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CDWorld Bank. (n.d.) Lao PDR. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/laoWorld Bank. (n.d.) Myanmar. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/myanmarWorld Bank. (n.d.) Thailand. http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/thailand Asian Development Bank (2003). Combating Trafficking of Women and Children in South Asia: Regional Synthesis Paper for Bangladesh, India, and Nepal. 119-171.

“Assessment for Northern Hill Tribes in Thailand.” UNHCR Official Website. December, 2003. Retrieved March 30th, 2013. http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/category,COI,MARP,,THA,469f3adcc,0.html

Bales, Kevin (1999). Disposable People. University of California Press.

Brooke, M. (2010, August 18). Men Trafficked for Sex Work.

Central Intelligence Agency. (2013). The World Factbook: Thailand.

CIDA (n.d.). Aid Effectiveness Agenda.

CIDA. (n.d.) Frequently Asked Questions About Applying for Funding.

CIDA. (n.d.). Mission and mandate. http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/NIC-5493749-HZK

CIDA. (n.d.). Thailand. http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/thailand

Decker, M., McCauley, H. L., Phuengsamran, D., Janyam, S., &
Silverman, J. G. (2011, April).
Sex trafficking, sexual risk, STI and reproductive health among a national sample of FSWs in Thailand. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3521618/

ECPAT International. (n.d.). Sex Trafficking of Children in Thailand. http://ecpat.net/EI/Publications/Trafficking/Factsheet_Thailand.pdf GAATW: Global Alliance against Traffic in Women. (n.d.). About Us. http://www.gaatw.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=section&layout=blog&id=2&Itemid=2

GAATW: Global Alliance against Traffic in Women. (n.d.). Core Programmes

GAATW: Global Alliance against Traffic in Women. (n.d.). GAATW Publications.

GAATW: Global Alliance against Traffic in Women. (n.d.). Members Asia;Thailand.

Hanenberg et al(1994). Impact of Thailand’s HIV-control Programme as Indicated by the
Decline of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. The Lancet. 344(8917). 243-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(94)93004-X

Humantrafficking.org. (n.d.) Thailand. http://www.humantrafficking.org/countries/thailand

IJM: International Justice Mission. (n.d). Hill Tribe Citizenship.

International Organization for Migration. (n.d.).Trafficking of fishermen in Thailand.

Institute for Population and Social Research. (2010). HIV/AIDS Among Migrant Worker in
Thailand. http://www.phamit.org/upload/public/file2/f1350894710.pdf

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International Approach. Pathfinder International.

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Lau, Carmen (2008). “Child Prostitution in Thailand.” J Child Health Care (12) 144-155.
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