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Week 10: Culture and Communication Inherent in National History
Transcript of Week 10: Culture and Communication Inherent in National History
Oppositional Theories of History
History and historical figures coalesce into the values, goals, aspirations, and expectations of cultures.
Presupposes history to be the storage of the collective consciousness of a culture. These stories from our past are fixed and final and do not change.
Therefore the main reason for the cultural recounting of history to future generations is the passing-on and maintenance of those values, goals, aspirations, and expectations.
With this in mind the cultural use of history is indoctrination and continuation of the majority culture's values, etc. History becomes a thing of the past, the usefulness of which is to instruct the next generation on how to be the right kind of adult.
History needs to be viewed as an active and alive phenomenon in society that is both shaped by and instructive to the modern day.
Begins with the idea that history is told by people who are constantly changing, who therefore view the past from ever different angles.
Envisions the role of history in culture to be one half of an constantly ongoing conversation between the values, goals, aspirations, and expectations of the past and the modern day audience.
With this in mind the role of history in national culture is to inform the modern day audience of what past citizens felt was most important in order that they can look at the past and gauge their modern situation in light of accumulated cultural wisdom and experience.
The United States of America
Disdain for formality
Russia on the world stage
People's Republic of China
Heavy influence of Confucianism
Emperor as a form of theocracy
Collectivism + Hierarchy
Importance of extended family
Great stress on national difference and uniqueness.
Ordered + Hierarchical
Discipline and ability to endure hardship
Local Group Identity
Communalism + Individualism
Hardwork + Pride
Unique national identity
Catholicism + Indigenous Spirituality
Religion at arms length
Loving and hating being on the Fringe of Europe
Cultural Functions of History