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Preaching Styles: Expository, Topical, and Textual

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vance theodore

on 28 February 2015

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Transcript of Preaching Styles: Expository, Topical, and Textual

How to prepare an expository sermon
1. Select your passage (Journal or keep a list of scripture that interest you. Study needs of unit.
Rescue in Unity Elder Sam Wong
of the Seventy
1 And again he entered into Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that he was in the house.

2 And straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached the word unto them.

3 And they come unto him, bringing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of four.

4 And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay.

5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.
Expository Preaching
Expository preaching is defined in terms of the length of the Bible passage used. It means that the passages are usually two or three verses long. The most valid definition would deal less with the length of the passage treated and more with the manner of treatment.
Expository: Organize your passage (Cont'd)
Body: You have your theme and outline. Lay it out in an outline, and get rid of material that doesn't fit.
Topical Preaching
Topical defined:
A topical sermon is one in which the subject is chosen and the Bible as a whole is researched on that topic. The content and form owe more to the topic than to any one passage of Scripture. Topical preachers usually begin their sermon by choosing a topic and then developing it in depth with the aid of a topical Bible or a concordance.
Topical Sermons (Cont'd)
Effective Topical Preaching
In a nutshell
Expository sermons are those with subject, verses, main ideas and details are derived from the text (scriptures)
Preaching Styles: Expository, Topical, and Textual
Sourced from Ministry International Journal for Pastors
Expository preaching is based on a significant Bible passage so that the sermon's main principal lesson orginates in Scripture and are applied to a present human need. It is simply bibilical preaching
What expository preaching isn't:
1. It isn't spring-boarding.
2. It isn't lecturing.
3. It isn't teaching.

Why expository preaching:
1. Brings authority.
2. Meets human needs.
3. Much material.
4. Balances our theology.
5. Awakens member's interest.

(Ministry: W. Floyd Bresee, Expository Preaching,
Internation Journal for Pastors/January/1994)
1. Best kind of preaching.
2. Breath and Depth.
3. Balanced
4. Easy to research.
5. Focus on passages
All informational and
no application

(Ministry: W. Floyd Bresee, Expository Preaching,
Internation Journal for Pastors/September/1991)
2. Pray and seek inspiration. Not exegesis (bring out), not eisegesis (putting in). Spirit will intrepret it for the sake of you audience.
3. Determine the purpose of your sermon, i.e., where are you going and how will you get there.
4. Study your passage. How to study your passage:
Macro: Look at the large picture in yoru passage. Grasp its whole meaning. Micro. Study verse by verse. Watch for special word. Look them up for meaning (Hebrew/Greek). Read commentaries, etc.
How to prepare an expository sermon (Cont'd)
5. Find Christ in your passage. (story of young pastor with older congregant)
6. Incubate your passage. M/Tu Bible research finished. You have your theme and tentative outline. You know what your passage says. Now find a way to apply it to your audience. Let passage incubate somewhere between conscious and sub-counscion.
7. Organize your passage. Every sermon has three parts: Intro, body, and conclusion
Introduction: No part of the sermon is more important than the introduction. It attracts attention. Put first what most people want to remember.

(Ministry: W. Floyd Bress
Internation Journal for Pastors/January/1994)
(Ministry: W. Floyd Bress
Internation Journal for Pastors/January/1994)
Conclusion: The conclusion should summarize what has been said, then climax with an appeal to act.
(Ministry: W. Floyd Bresee
Internation Journal for Pastors/January/1994)
Mark 2: 1-5
Strengths and weaknesses:
Topical preaching enjoys significant strengths. Certain emphases of the Christian year lend themselves naturally to topical preaching: Mother's Day, Christian Education Day, Missions Promotion Day—even Communion.

It lends itself to easily to doctrinal preaching.
The weakness in topical sermons is twofold: a temptation to rely too heavily on non-biblical sources, and a tendency to misuse the Scriptures, if the Bible is used.
(Ministry: W. Floyd Bresee,Topical Preaching
Internation Journal for Pastors/November/1991)
1. Begin w/ Bible. Search for scriptures concerning topic.
2. Keep text in context. Don't just use the scriptures hapharzardly to prove a point.
3. Emphasize theme above topic, e.g.,
Topic: Trials. Theme "God's promise is not protection from trials, but to be present in trails."

Topical Preaching: Elder David A. Bednar
Patterns of Light
Textual Sermons
The textual sermon is a mini expository sermon.
Topical sermons are developed (the subject) from the text.
Textual is a sermon based on the text with subtopics from the text.
What is an Example of this type of sermon?

What God Requires

Deuteronomy 10:12-13

"And now Israel, what does the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the Lord with all thy heart and with all thy soul. To keep his commandments, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good."

Explain who Israel was, and why God could require things of them to receive blessing; then explain who we are in Christ and why God can require things of us, though he does not force us to obey.

I. He Requires Fearing Him.

Fear means respect.
Romans 11:20. "And be not highminded, but fear the Lord."
Malachi 4:2. "To you that fear my name shall the Son of Righteousness arise with healing in his wings."
Explain further, and give illustration.

II. He Requires Walking in His Ways.

Walking, here, means the conduct of life.
1 John 1:7. "If we walk in the light as he is in the light we have fellowship."
John 8:12. "I am the light of the world. He that followeth me shall not walk in darkness.
Phil. 3:17. Many walk so as to be an enemy of Christ.
Illustration: The Pharisees were the enemies of Christ. Stephen was a friend of Christ in his walk.

III. He Requires Loving Him.

1 John 4:19. "We love him because he first loved us."
Eph. 6:24. "Grace be with them that love our Lord."
"Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy mind, and with all thy soul."
Example of Textual Preaching
It is based on a scriptural text.
Once the subject has been determined subtopics are added.
(Ministry: Steven P. Vitrano
Internation Journal for Pastors/April/1974)
The grammatical principle of interpretation
Biblical preaching begins with an exegesis of the text, and exegesis follows grammatical principles. It seeks to understand the verbal meaning of the text by analyzing the function and meaning of the words employed, as well as the grammar and syntax.

Grammatical exegesis involves more than a general knowledge of vocabulary and grammar. It requires information about the various possible meanings of ambiguous terms and grammatically ambiguous constructions. Since the Bible was written in Hebrew and Greek (a few portions were in Aramaic), the minister who has no knowledge of these languages is handicapped. It is not enough simply to find the English equivalent of a Hebrew or Greek word in a lexicon. For example, the Greek equivalent to the English term world conveys a variety of meanings, all of which must be taken into consideration when one prepares a sermon on the church in contemporary life.
The grammatical principle
of interpretation/exegesis
(Ministry: Joseph J. Battiston: How to prepare for effective Biblical sermons, Internation Journal for Pastors/November/1991)
Stay in the Boat and Hold On!
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