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Circulatory System: Leukemia

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by

Daniela Rosado Delgado

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Circulatory System: Leukemia

LEUKEMIA The Circulatory System is responsible for transporting materials throughout the entire body. It transports nutrients, water, and oxygen to your billions of body cells and carries away wastes such as carbon dioxide that body cells produce. The Heart is an organ, a muscle about the size of your fist. The heart beats about 3 BILLION times during an average lifetime. Located in the center of the chest, it's job is to pump your blood and keep the blood moving throughout your body. Red Blood Cells
Red Blood Cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. Red Blood Cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and transport it to all the body cells. After delivering the oxygen to the cells it gathers up the carbon dioxide and transports carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is removed from the body when we exhale. White Blood Cells
White Blood Cells help the body fight off infectious disease and foreign material. White Blood Cells attack and destroy germs when they enter the body. When you have an infection your body will produce more White Blood Cells to help fight an infection. Platelets
Platelets are blood cells that help stop bleeding. When we cut ourselves we have broken a blood vessel and the blood leaks out. In order to plug up the holes where the blood is leaking from the platelets start to stick to the opening of the damaged blood vessels. As the platelets stick to the opening of the damaged vessel they attract more platelets, fibers and other blood cells to help form a plug to seal the broken blood vessel BLOOD Plasma
Plasma is the liquid part of the blood. Approximately half of your blood is made of plasma. The plasma carries the blood cells and other components throughout the body. Plasma is made in the liver. CIRCULATORY
SYSTEM Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made. When you have leukemia, the bone marrow starts to make a lot of abnormal white blood cells, called leukemia cells. They don't do the work of normal white blood cells, they grow faster than normal cells, and they don't stop growing when they should. There are several different types of leukemia. In general, leukemia is grouped by how fast it gets worse and what kind of white blood cell it affects. It may be acute or chronic. Acute leukemia gets worse very fast and may make you feel sick right away. Chronic leukemia gets worse slowly and may not cause symptoms for years. It may be lymphocytic or myelogenous. Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia affects white blood cells called lymphocytes. Myelogenous leukemia affects white blood cells called myelocytes. C N A care... A high priority is the patient's comfort. Some people do not feel well right after chemotherapy. Specially the 1st day of chemo, and the 1st day after treatment. The most common side effect is fatigue. As a CNA the best one can do is making sure the patient can rest peacefully. This can be done by making sure the bed is made properly and fitted to the patient's desire. The patient's appetite may also reduce during chemotherapy. It is good to encourage the patient to eat, because it will fuel the body. It is also very important to keep track of the body's intake to make sure the patient receives proper hydration and nourishment. Treatment for leukemia, as well as the leukemia it self produces pain and discomfort to the body. It can make simple things painful or tiresome. These ailments can also lead to psychological issues such a depression. Chemotherapy Radiation treatments may also be used to treat leukemia. High doses of X-rays are targeted to the cancer affected area. Like chemo, radiation causes fatigue. It can also make the areas of the skin in which the treatment was applied to feel sunburned. It is important to keep in mind these sensitive areas. Making sure they are not wash with harsh soaps our irritated. These precautions will promote healing. Radiation AS A CNA THE MOST IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER IS INFECTION CONTROL. Since Leukemia targets the white blood cells, its is therefore weakening the immune system. This makes it very difficult for a patient to fight infection. Some thing harmless can become deadly! Being conscious that the patient's immune system is compromised, it is important to maintain infection control. Created by: Daniela Rosado
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