Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
TH4001 Christian Theology: Past and Present
Transcript of TH4001 Christian Theology: Past and Present
Justin Martyr (c. 100 - c. 165)
Irenaeus (c.130 - c. 200)
Origen (c. 185 - c. 254)
Tertullian (c. 160 - c. 225)
Athanasius (c. 296–373)
Augustine of Hippo (354-430) Key issues:
New Testament canon
relationship to wider culture (especially Greek philosophy)
ecclesiology (esp. re. Donatists)
grace (Augustine vs. Pelagius) "Dark Ages" between fall of Rome 410 and 1000: survival mentality
rise of Islam
not much Christian theology c. 1050 c. 1500 Middle Ages & Renaissance Key date: 1054, approximate dating of break between eastern and western churches, in part over 'filioque' clause Key figures:
Anselm of Canterbury (c. 1033–1109)
Peter Abelard (1079–1142)
Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225– c. 1274)
Duns Scotus (c. 1265–1308)
William of Ockham (c. 1285–1347)
Erasmus of Rotterdam (c. 1469–1536) Key issues:
systematic approach to biblical & patristic material
role of reason (esp. re. rediscovered Aristotle)
kingly vs. papal power Key terms:
Renaissance: literary and artistic renewal in 14th & 15th cent. Italy
Scholasticism: rational justification of belief and systematic approach to theology (e.g. Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Ockham)
Humanism: concern for eloquent presentation of theology and reform of church on Scriptural & patristic basis (e. g. Erasmus)
c. 1500 - c. 1750
Reformation and Post-Reformation Four aspects:
2. Reformed Church (Calvinism)
3. Radical Reformation (Anabaptists)
4. Counter-Reformation/Catholic Reformation Magisterial Reformation Protestant
Reformation Key figures:
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
John Calvin (1509–64)
Ulrich Zwingli (1484–1531) Reformation Key issues:
'sola Scriptura' emphasis on Bible
'sola fide' emphasis on God's grace Post-Reformation Protestant orthodoxy:
Theodore Beza (1519–1605) (Calvinist)
Johann Gerhard (1582–1637) (Lutheran) Roman Catholicism:
Council of Trent 1546–63 Puritanism:
William Perkins (1558–1602)
William Ames (1576–1633) Pietism:
von Zinzendorf (1700–60)
John Wesley (1703–91) This overview is based on a summary of McGrath, A. (2001). Christian Theology. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell. chs. 1-4. c. 1750 - present Enlightenment (1720-80) freeing of reason from bounds of tradition and authority led to questioning of miracle, revelation, original sin, problem of evil, status of Scripture & the significance of Christ
Romanticism (end 18th cent.): reaction against rationalism of Enlightenment and emphasis on feeling, e.g. Wordsworth.
Marxism: Karl Marx (1818–83) proclaimed materialistic view of the world and critiqued Christianity as an 'opiate of the people'
Liberal Protestantism: sought to bridge gap between faith and modern knowledge, e.g. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1834) and Paul Tillich (1886–1965)
Modernism: Roman Catholic critique of tradition, e.g. Alfred Loisy (1857–1940)and George Tyrrell (1861–1909)
Neo-orthodoxy: reaction to perceived failure of Liberal Protestant project focussed in the work of Karl Barth (1886–1968)
Roman Catholicism: theological renewal in period before Second Vatican Council in 1962–5.
Eastern Orthodoxy: renewal and rediscovery of key insights by western church.
Feminism: critique of Christian tradition as male-dominated and exclusive of women and their experience, e.g. in authors such as Mary Daly, Daphne Hampson and Rosemary Radford Ruether.
Postmodernism: philosophical destabilization of Enlightenment project establishing authoritative place of reason and the human subject, through deconstruction of concepts, e.g. de Saussure, Derrida, Foucault and Baudrillard.
Liberation theology: originating in Latin America and insisting on the theological priority of the perspective of the poor, e.g. Gustavo Gutierrez and Leonardo Boff.
Black theology: emphasis on the need to reinvisage theology based on experience of black people, e.g. James Cone.
Evangelicalism: emphasis on authority of Scripture, uniqueness of Christ, need for personal conversion & urgency of evangelism.
Pentecostal & charismatic movements: growing denominations emphasizing power of the Holy Spirit.