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** FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE **

ENGLISH
by

maria cook

on 23 October 2016

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Transcript of ** FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE **

Personification
-buzz, pop, woof
Figurative Language
Mrs. Cook
6th grade ELA

-When a letter, usually a consonant, repeats itself in the beginning of each word in a phrase
-When an ordinary object takes on human traits or actions
-Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore.
Idioms
-A descriptive and
sometimes exaggerated
phrase that describes
a thought feeling or
situation
Hyperboles
Alliteration
-A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.
Onomatopoeia
Understatemet
-The firetruck's siren screamed as it rushed down the street.
-That donut is calling my name.
-I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
-It's raining cats and dogs out there.
-Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
-Extreme exaggerations
-They were selling mile-high ice cream cones.
-Grandma cooked enough food to feed a whole army.
-When a word is spelled exactly
like it sounds
boom, zip, hiss
-"I'll be there in a minute "

(when it will really be more
than one minute.)

-"I wouldn't say it tasted great"

(describing terrible food)

-"It's just a scratch"

(when there is a huge dent)
THE END
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Examples
Her eyes were fireflies


The typical teenager's room
is a disaster area.
The stars were shining as bright as diamonds in the sky
Be as quiet as a mouse.
BOTH

- are types of
figurative
language that
compares two
different things

-makes the
reader think
deeper about a
concept
- Compares two
things using the
words "like" or
"as".

- Says that the
two things are
alike but not
one in the same
- Compares two
things WITHOUT
using the words
"like" or "as".

- Says that the
two things are
one in the same
(A=B)
Whenever you
describe something by comparing it with something else
, you are using figurative language. Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to give the reader a different perspective about an idea or subject.
Literal = the meaning is exactly what the words say
Figurative = the meaning is different from the dictionary definition of the words


- Lightning danced across the sky.
hyper: too much
-My eyeballs were ready to fall out
-The man must have been 12 feet tall
-The early bird gets the worm.
-You're driving me up the wall!
Imagery

words that create a mental picture by appealing to the five senses - what you see, smell, taste, hear, and feel
When the outcome is different that what is expected. It is often humorous.
IRONY
Putting two opposites together
Think:
Oxymoron = Opposite
Jumbo Shrimp
Pretty Ugly
Black Light
Terribly Fun
Alone Together
Absolutely Sure
Dull Roar
Dress Pants
Curved Line
Detailed Summary
Pure Evil
Pure Fantasy
Recorded Live
Young Adult
Oxymoron
Allusion
A reference to someone or something famous.
If I was going to win the fight,
I thought I'd better eat my spinach.
He had it made, but talking to girls was his
only kryptonite.
Compared to me, a boy named Sue had it made.


In Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged state and he thinks she is dead. He kills himself. When Juliet wakes up she finds Romeo dead and kills herself.
Example
A man who is a traffic cop gets his license suspended for unpaid parking tickets.
The Titanic was said to be 100% unsinkable; but, in 1912 the ship sank on its maiden voyage.
Example
Example
Example
A host, of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle on the Milky Way
Analogy
Black is to white as
Night is to day
Similar idea = opposites
Bird is to tree as
Worm is to ______
Similar idea = ?
Linking 2 sets of objects with a similar idea
Symbolism
the use of symbols
to represent ideas by giving them meanings that are different
from their
literal sense.
Think about what the following symbolizes...
A dove is a symbol of peace.
A Red rose or the color red stands for love or romance.
The color black is a symbol that represents evil or death.
Poetry Terms
STANZA
There were some dirty plates
and a glass of milk
beside her on a small table

near the rank, disheveled bed--Wrinkled and nearly blind
she lay and snored
rousing with anger in her tones
to cry for food,

Gimme something to eat--
They're starving me--I'm all right--
I won't goto the hospital.
No, no, no
Words grouped in a poem. Like a paragraph.
Couplet
A 2-line Stanza
Think of "A Couple"
Repetition
Repeating words or phrases for a stronger effect.

“I have a dream”
She gave him a sweet, sweet kiss on the forearm where he hurt.
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhyming:

Roses are red (A)
Violets are blue ( B)
I didn’t fart (C)
Must have been you. (B)
A, B, C, B
Meter
Using a certain number of
syllables in a line.



Haiku uses meter (5, 7, 5).

Sonnets use meter (10 each line)
Free Verse
Poetry that does not follow
rules of meter or rhyme.
Sonnet
14 Lines
10 Syllables in Each Line
Often a Love Poem
Trapped

Well and
If day on day
Follows, and weary year
On year… and ever days and years…
Well?
Pun
a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
You can make your own
antifreeze
by stealing her blanket
Santa’s helpers are known as
subordinate Clauses
.
I was struggling to figure out how lightning works then it
struck
me.
I really wanted a
camouflage
shirt, but I couldn't find one.
The grammarian was very logical. He had a lot of
comma sense


Quatrain
A 4-line Stanza
Cinquain
A 5-line Stanza
5 line stanzas (cinquain)
AABBA rhyme scheme
1st, 2nd, 5th lines = 8-9 syllables
3rd and 4th lines = 5-6 syllables.
Lymrick
Haiku
3 Lined poem

5 Syllables
7 syllables
5 syllables
Often humerous
Types of Irony
Situational: when the situation at hand (events that occur) end in a supprising or unexpected way

Dramatic: when the reader, or audience, knows things that the characters do not
Verbal: when you say the oppoositie of what you actually mean (sarcasm)
Assonance:
the repetition of he middle vowels sound

Example:
Sue's Goofy jewls were in the news
men sell wedding bells

consonance:
the repetition of an end consonant sound

Examples:
He was fat, late, and hot.
step on floppy tulips
4 types of Rhyme

* Internal - rhyming inside one line of a poem

* External/End - rhyming at the ends of a line in a poem

*Slant - words that are almost rhyming, but not quite
Ex: When have I last looked on
the dark leopards of the moon.

*Visual - words that look like they should rhyme, but don't
Ex: know, how
Concrete
Words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

The first letter of each line forms a word or phrase (vertically). An acrostic poem can describe the subject or even tell a brief story about it.

After an extensive winter
Pretty tulips
Rise from the once
Icy ground bringing fresh signs of
Life.

-”April” by Anonymous

ACROSTIC
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