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Bosnian War

Presentation about the Bosnian War of 1992-1995
by

Lannie Dalley

on 8 April 2011

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Transcript of Bosnian War

In Bosnia most of the damage from the war has been repaired. People move about without restrictions or fear. There are now fair and free elections, but these are still being dominated by ethnically-based parties. An article from BBC states: A country once virtually partitioned, now operates as a single state, albeit with considerable autonomy for its two entities - the Serb Republic and the Federation which brings together primarily the Muslim and Croat communities.
Location The Bosian war took place in the country of Herzegovina in Bosnia, a former part of Yugoslavia. A country in Southern Europe on the bordering the country of Serbia. Roots of Conflict Bosnia had been in conflict with Serbia for many years due to religious reasons. Bosnia and Serbia were both part of Yugoslavia at one time but then Croatia and other countries became independent, soon Bosnia also wanted to be an independent country. The Bosnian Serbs were strongly opposed this change. Bosnian War Groups Involved Because of all the different religions, Bosnia was seperated into three groups. The Serbs and the Croats were trying to ethnically cleanse Bosnia of Muslims and the Serbians backed them. The other Bosnians were fighting against them. Serbs Muslims Croats UN Involvement Did not chose any sides in war
UN efforts unable to convince Serbs and Croats to make peace treaty.
UNPROFOR "took over" Sarajevo Airport -Serbs actually controlled and monitored activity.
Prime minister was shot dead while being escorted by UN.
UN help investigate in crimes and genocide Bosnia war dead figure announced

Numerous mass graves were discovered after the war
A new independent study has concluded that at least 97,207 people were killed in the Bosnian war in the 1990s - fewer than was previously estimated.
The three-year study was carried out by the Research and Documentation Center in Sarajevo and was funded mainly by the Norwegian government.

The Center said some 65% of those killed were Bosnian Muslims.

The UN prosecutor's office at the war crimes tribunal in The Hague had put the number of dead at about 110,000.
Mirsad Tokaca, who led the Bosnian project, said the figure of 97,207 could rise by a maximum of another 10,000 due to ongoing research.

According to the research, 25% of the dead were Serbs and more than 8% Croats.

The project was called "The Bosnian Book of Dead". Other funders included the Swedish Helsinki Committee, the US government and the UN Development Program.

The head of the UN war crimes tribunal's Demographic Unit, Ewa Tabeu, called it "the largest existing database on Bosnian war victims".

The worst atrocity of the war was the massacre of nearly 8,000 Muslim men and boys by Bosnian Serb forces who overran Srebrenica in July 1995.



ARTICLE Source: BBC News Europe "Ten years on and still the international community has not learned how to deal with ethnic cleansing. One would have thought that after Srebrenica the world would have been quick to act instead of just condemning the atrocities in Darfur."
DW, Chicago USA (Brit Expat) "The Srebrenica massacre makes every heart bleed. It hurts me even more because it was perpetrated by my country, and because for the rest of my life I will have to bear a peace of guilt while those who are responsible are walking free."
Janja, Belgrade, Serbia "The fact that even today many Serbs (including some of those here) are still trying to play down the significance of that appalling massacre and that 50% don't even believe it has ever happened clearly indicates that the dark cloud of monstrous nationalism is still hanging over Serbia and prevents clear vision."
Viliam, Slovakia

Who won? December 14, 1995, the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia, and Serbia signed the Dayton peace accords, officially ending the wars in Bosnia and Croatia
About 250,000 people died and more than 3 million people became refugees/ No Man's Land Best Foreign Language Film, 2002 74th Academy Awards
Best Foreign Language Film, 2001 Golden Globe Awards
Best Screenplay, 2001 Cannes Film Festival[1]
Presented the Oscar in 2001 "Despite the liberal sprinkling of humor, No Man's Land ends with a very powerful and sure-to-haunt-you statement." Why does this rank as a crime against Humanity? The crimes committed during this war were unseen since the Holocaust. Many people were sent to concentration camps, raped and chased out of their homes. It just shows how when people think they are better than others, what happens. It was an atrocity that will hang over the nation for decades because it was so hostile. What has changed since the war?
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