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A2 Sociology sociological definitions of crime and deviance lesson 4

Crime and deviance

Amanda Lane

on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of A2 Sociology sociological definitions of crime and deviance lesson 4

Sociology is A-MAZE-BALLS!
Back to Crime & Deviance......
Brains at the ready... here is your first question...
So back to the Sociology stuff.....
Answer: The missing word is ELBOW

Can you complete this grid of letters. Each line is a valid 5 letter word with its first and last letter missing.

The missing letters form a word when read downwards and the same word appears both at the start and at the end.

What is the missing word?

What is the sociological definition of deviance?
There are in fact 2 definitions......
The normative approach suggests that everyone follows a shared set of social norms and values.
What key term should be used to describe this?
So how would the NORMATIVE approach define deviance?
The RELATIVISTIC approach sees society as too complex to have a shared set of common values' Instead society is highly diverse and some values are adopted more so than others....
There are 2 ways in which this happens.....
This is an acceptable greeting.....
Interactions between people allow the emergence of accepted societal values
This is not....
Key term?
Values that are dominant within a society stem from the ideals of the ruling class....
Key term?
So how would the RELATIVISTIC approach define deviance?
In Summary......
Which perspective does this fit with?
Deviance from social norm = NORMATIVE
Deviance can be defined as actions that differ from what is socially acceptable.
Deviance as Difference = RELATIVISTIC
Interaction & Labelling
Dominant Ideology
How would you describe these actions Relativistically?
How would you describe what is happening using a normative perspective?
The normative approach sees crime as both POSITIVE & NEGATIVE for society.....
Why do you think this is?
Reinforces boundaries
Social Cohesion
Weakens the collective conscience (ANOMIE)
Relativist approach sees crime as the result of conflict between dominant groups who impose their norms and values on other less dominant groups
Interactionism = Labelling Theory
Marxism = Interests of the ruling class
How does Crime and Deviance link to social control?
What are the 2 definitions of Deviance?
How is crime positive for society?
What is informal social control?
Check your understanding!
Formal : Enforced by specific agencies
Informal: Manifested through interactions with agencies that we encounter everyday
Full transcript