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Mars One Mission

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Shelli Flett

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Mars One Mission

Mars One Mission

"The Next Giant Leap for Mankind"

Inquiry Circle Assignment

About Mars
The Mars One mission is funded by a non-profit group called the Mars One Foundation. The First Launch of four astronauts in 2025 will cost $6-billion!
There are various partners, contributors and sponsors that are also making this mission possible. Companies and Organizations such as, Space Exploration Technologies (Developers of Launch Vehicles and Space Craft, Sonic Voyage (film company), Atlas University)
On the Mars One website www.mars-one.com, there is a donation page where you can donate a large or small donation to the mission.
The Mars One Mission was an idea that came to the mind of Bas Lansdorp, who is the Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer, when in 1997 he saw images of the Sojourner Rover on Mars.
In 2011 the Mars One Mission was founded
2013, Mars One Mission launched an online application package where over 200, 000 people applied from all parts of the world. 1, 058 applicants made the short list in 2013 (107 countries represented).
2015, crew begins training where this is said to be a live training experience and these individuals will be chosen by votes. Visit this link to read the article http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/editorials/mars-one-how-to-boldly-go-and-get-voted-off-the-planet/article11869856/
2018 - demonstration mission and communication satellite put into orbit which will enable 24/7 communication between Earth and Mars

Finance & Feasibility
About Mission to Mars
The Mars One mission is very complex, but also very feasible as we now have the science and technology to place human beings on Mars.
The location for the first Mars One settlement is selected for the water ice content of the soil there.
Water can be made available to the settlement for hygiene, drinking and farming. It is also the source of oxygen generated through electrolysis.
Using solar panels is the best choice for Mars One as it eliminates the requirement to develop and launch a nuclear reactor.
Existing, validated and available technology, no new major developments are needed for the mission
About Mission Continued
2020 - Rover Mission Launch, one rover and trailer is launched and will be used to transport the landers. Another Satellite is also launched into orbit.
2022 - Two Living Units, two Life Support Systems, and two Supply Units are sent to Mars in July 2022. In February 2023 all units land on Mars.
2023 - Outpost Operational, rover sets up outpost before humans arrival
April 2024, First Mars crew is launched (210 day trip to Mars, point of no return
2025 - Crew One lands on Mars
2026 - Departure of Crew 2
Every 2 years a new crew will be launched
The Mars One Mission has a team of highly skilled individuals that contribute and meet the needs of different areas related to making it a reality! There is also an Advisery Board and a team of Ambassadors that all play a role in the mission.

Bas Lansdorp-M.Sc., Co-Founder & Chief Executive Officer (The Netherlands)
Arno Wielders-M.Sc., Co-Founder & Chief Technical Officer (The Netherlands)
Norbert Kraft-M.D., Chief Medical Officer (USA)
Suzanne Flinkenflogel-M.A., Director of Communications (The Netherlands)
Anne Boeschoten-B.A., Communication Specialist (The Netherlands
Bryan Versteeg-Mission Concept Artist (Canada)
KC FrankSenior Marketing Strategist (USA)
More Details about Mission to Mars
The flight will take between seven to eight months
The astronauts will spend those seven months together in a very small space—much smaller than the home base at the settlement on Mars—devoid of luxury or frills.
Showering with water will not be an option. Instead the astronauts make do with wet towelettes (wet wipes) as used by astronauts on the International Space Station.
Freeze dried and canned food is the only option
routine of 3 hours daily exercise in order to maintain muscle mass
The astronauts will submit routine reports, and will also share all that they enjoy and find challenging!
the Mars lander will be tested eight times prior to the landing of the first crew, using identical vehicles
Selection and Preparation of Astronauts
Health & Ethics
"Can life be sustained on Mars?"

Class discussion:
What are your thoughts on the Mars One Mission?
Would you consider applying for the Mars One Mission? Why or why not?

Global search (closed August 31, 2013)
Mars One accepts applicants from any country in the world
English will be the official language
Four selection rounds until the final cut
Round 1
All applicants must submit an online application
general information
motivational letter
one-minute video

In videos, applicants must answer:
Why would you like to go to Mars?
What makes you the perfect candidate?
How would you describe your sense of humour?

Manitoban applicant video -
Round 2
Applicants' health will be checked
Interview with the Mars One selection committee

Round 3
Regional selection round
In each region, 20-40 applicants will participate in challenges
The audience will select one winner per region and Mars One experts will select additional participants to continue to Round 4

Round 4
International event
The Mars One selection committee will create six groups of four candidates
The groups will be expected to demonstrate their ability to live in harsh living conditions and work together under difficult circumstances
Candidates will undergo technical training, personal training, and group training
One of the groups will be selected to go to Mars
Other groups will depart every two years
Qualifications to Apply
18 years old +
No upper age limit
Height: 5’2”-6’2”
Must be intelligent, creative, physically healthy, and psychologically stable
Five Key Characteristics of an Astronaut:
1. Resiliency
2. Adaptability
3. Curiosity
4. Ability to trust
5. Creativity/Resourcefulness
CBC News, http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/manitoban-vies-for-one-way-ticket-to-mars-1.2497256

Good.is, http://www.good.is/posts/why-should-humans-go-to-mars-mars-one-has-the-answer

Mars One, http://www.mars-one.com/

NASA, http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/overview/index.html

The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/editorials/mars-one-how-to-boldly-go-and-get-voted-off-the-planet/article11869856/

YouTude Video: One Way Ticket To Mars: Behind the Mars One Project,

YouTube Video: Mars One Introduction Film (Updated Version),

YouTube Video: Mars One Crowdfunding Campaign 2018 Mars Mission,
• Mars is similar to Earth; it has polar ice caps and clouds, it has seasonal weather patterns, volcanoes, canyons and other features that we would recognize from living on Earth. However, conditions on Mars vastly differ from the ones that we experience here on Earth.
• We have learned that Mars is rocky and cold and that it has a hazy, pink sky. Scientists have discovered that Mars was formerly a volatile world where volcanoes once erupted, meteors caused deep craters and flash floods raged quite frequently.
• The first mission to Mars was in 1960 and the first close-up pictures were done in 1965.
• The most recent mission to Mars is the Curiosity rover and it landed in 2012. The focus of this mission is to determine the “habitability” of Mars.

• Our group decided to focus on Mars as a topic for our inquiry circle. We thought that it would be interesting to learn more about Mars and to focus on the question of whether or not life would be possible on Mars.
• We learned all about how life on Mars is considered to be possible and how there is actually a mission called the Mars One Mission which is going to attempt to bring 4 people to Mars and have them live there by 2024.

In order for the payloads to make it all the way to Mars, they will be using several rocket launches.
Mars Transit Vehicle
the transit vehicle consists of 2 propellent stages. A landing modules and transit habitat.
two rovers will be sent to Mars.
One, is going to be used to explore the surface to locate a suitable location for the settlement
The second will be used as a trailer for transporting the land capsules.
Mars Suit
similar to the suits worn by the Apollo astronauts. They will protect the astronauts from extreme temperatures and the very thin, non-breathable atmosphere.
Communications System
will consist of 2 satellites and earth ground stations. It will transmit data from Mars to Earth and back again.
The Mars habitat will be made up of multiple inflatable units. The total living space will be close to 250 meters cubed per inhabitant for a team of 4.
Basic needs
Water for the astronauts can be extracted from the soil. The rover will deposit soil into a water extractor. Then the soil will be heated up until the water evaporates. The evaporated water will then be condensed and stored.
Oxygen will be produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. The oxygen will be used to provide a breathable atmosphere with a portion to be stored for less than desirable conditions.
Food for the astronauts will come from earth but will be used as emergency rations. The main source of food will be from the fresh food they produce. Food production will be hydroponic. It will happen indoors under LED lights.
One of the main affects on the astronauts physical abilities is the loss in bone density, decreased muscle mass, etc, but using well-structured countermeasures systems help to mitigate these loses.
With regards to medical equipment, there will be some present on Mars. Also, two of the four astronauts will have received comprehensive medical training. The medical possibilities will be more limited to that of an actual hospital and will take subsequent years till more advanced medical technology gets to Mars.
If someone happens to pass away, there will be a memorial service and cremation ceremony on Mars.
Now because the astronauts are not returning home, will they then be able to have children on Mars?
Answer, well we don't know for sure. The ability to conceive in reduced gravity is unknown. Same with the research on whether the fetus can grow normally under the circumstances.
Mars One Mission
YouTube Videos
Full transcript