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Musical Theatre

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Kai Hennig

on 14 August 2014

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Transcript of Musical Theatre

American Musical Theatre
Early influences
The first musical production in the Colonies, a performance took place in a court room in Charleston, South Carolina, on February 8, 1735.

Flora was a ballad opera imported from England. The works dominated the London stage and heavily influenced America.
Comic Operas
George M. Cohan
Show Boat
December 27, 1927
Jerome Kern & Oscar Hammerstein II
Novel by Edna Ferber
The Golden Age
1940s- 1960s
Modern Day
A return to traditional orchestras and romantic orchestrations.

(IE.) Phantom of the Opera and Les Miserables
Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II
March 31, 1943
Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II
Stephen Joshua Sodheim
March 22, 1930 - Present
July 12, 1895 - August 23, 1960
Saturday Night (1954)
West Side Story (1957)
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1962)
Anyone Can Whistle (1964)
Do I Hear a Waltz? (1965)
Follies (1971)
A Little Night Music (1973)
Pacific Overtures (1976)
Sweeney Todd (1979)
Sunday in the Park with George (1984)
Into the Woods
Assassins (1990)
Passion (1994)
Bounce (2003)
Road Show (2008)
New show "in the works with" David Ive
Maria Elena Viviane Eve
Feb 16, 1949 - Dec. 13th 2003

The Black Crook:
New York on September 12, 1866

Introduced: Chorus girls, ornate production numbers, elaborate costuming, songs provocative with sexual innuendos, and large dance numbers.

It was a frank imitation of the European extravaganzas which had been visiting the United States.
The Burlesque
Burlesque began to take over the stage after the revolution. They are travesties on or parodies of famous plays, performances, and actors.

They used song, dance, and dialogue.
Hamlet - 1828
LC Mosquite - 1838
Ixion - 1869
Operettas (Light Operas)
Operettas dominated post-civil war stages.

"American" operettas were shamelss immitations of the imports.

The first American Operetta was "The Little Tycoon" by Willord Spencer.
Foreign Imports:
Offen Bach
J. Strous II
Guilbert + Sullivan
William Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan
HMS Pinafore - 1878
The Pirates of Penzance - 1879
The Mikado - 1885
British composers and authors.
Completed a 14 comic opera musical series.
They made the musical an important part of both British and American cultures. Each inspired rising standards, better techniques, and new works of native musical artists.
Developed in the 1840s and peeked around the Civil War and lasted into the 20th century.

These performances exploited humor, dance, and song of Africans and African-Americans.

Dubious distinction of the first "American Theatre".
Designed to be affordable entertainment for the city dwellers during the industrial revolution.

Tony Pastor created a "clean" vaudeville variety show to refine it for family based audiences.
The Brook
Performed by The Salisbury Troubadours
First American "proto-musical" - 1879
This loosely justified Vaudeville.

The Brook was seen as an early effort to unitfy the elements of vaudeville into a single play.
American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer and producer.

Grew up performing in vaudeville and minstrel shows.

He was the earliest person to crystallize musical theatre as a thearatical form.

His work focused on naive subject material, however, is considered the Father of American Musical Theatre.
Going Up - 1917
George Washington Jr. - 1906
The Tavern - 1919
July 3, 1878 - November 5, 1942
The Princess Theatre
Pre-Show Boat Musical Conventions
"The elements of the play are the thing."
It was common pratice to create plays around a star or group of stars. The stage business only had to carry the star's strengths, while plots where considered secondary.

They were simple and predictable. Such as:
Boy gets girl, villain gets comeuppance.

These were formulated rigorously to adhere to the Syndicate, as they approved what was popular.
Successful artists within the boundaries where:
Herbert & Jerome Kern
Irving Berlin
L-PG Wodehouse
Guy Bolton,
Oscar Hammerstein II
Texts by Guy Bolton
Lyrics by P.G. Wodehouse
Music by Jerome Kern
They did away with big productions and focused on intimate shows without stars.

These productions included witty dialogue, sophistication, strong plots, harmony music, American characters and plots.
Opened in 1913 by the Shubert Brothers
(1836 - 1911)
Book Musicals (Libretto):
Rock and Jukebox Musicals:
Songs and dances further the plot and reveal character motivation and choice, rather than base musical entertainment.

(IE.) Annie
Similar to book-musicals, though differ in instrumentation and orchestration. Traditional orchestra instruments are replaced with eletric instruments.

(IE.) Rent
Book Musical
Rock / Jukebox Musical
Born in Paris, France.
Daughter of Bjorn Bjornson, actor and director at The Norwegian National Theatre.

Granddaughter of Bjornstierne Bjornson, playwright and 1903 Nobel Prize winner in literature.
Known for her work as a costume and scenic designer.
Single handily designed 200 full costumes and set.

Each performance has 230 costumes, 14 dressers, 120 automated cues, 22 scene changes, 281 candles, uses 250 kg of dry ice, and takes 10 fog/smokes machines.

The replica chandelier is made up of 6,000 beads with 35 on each string. Its 3 meters wide and weighs one ton. The touring version falls at 2.5 meters per second. The original chandelier was built by five people in four weeks.

Her design has been played to over 100 million people in 25 countries in 149 cities.
The Phantom Of The Opera - 1986/1988
The Phantom of the Opera is the longest running play in Broadway history.
Andrew Lloyd Weber
Oklahoma! - 1943 (Pulitzer Prize)
The King & I - 1951
The Sound of Music - 1959
"Songs of the Century" list by Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
The Sound of Music #36
Oklahoma! #66
South Pacific #224
The King and I #249
Show Boat #312
Based on Green Grow the Lilacs by Lynn Rigg's - 1931
April 21, 1977
Based from the comic "Little Orphan Annie" by Harold Gray
Awards: (1977)
Tony Award
Best Musical
Best Book of a Musical
Best Original Score
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical
Best Choreography
Best Scenic Design
Best Costume Design
Book: Thomas Meehan
Music: Charles Strouse
Lyrics: Martin Charnin
Opened at the Alvin Theatre
Andrea McArdle, Reid Shelton and Sandy (1977)
Drama Desk Award
Outstanding Musical
Outstanding Book of a Musical
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical
Outstanding Director of a Musical
Outstanding Choreography
Outstanding Lyrics
Outstanding Costume Design
January 25, 1996
Based from Giacomo Puccini's opera "La boheme"
Book/Music/Lyrics: Jonathan Larson
Tony Award:
Best Musical
Best Book of a Musical
Best Original Score
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical
Drama Desk Award:
Outstanding Musical
Outstanding Book of a Musical
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical
Outstanding Orchestrations
Outstanding Lyrics
Outstanding Music
Pulitzer Prize for Drama
Theatre World Award (Adam Pascal & Daphne Rubin-Vega)
The Phantom Of The Opera
Book: Andrew Lloyd Webber & Richard Stilgoe
Music: Andrew Lloyd Webber
Lyrics: Charles Hart & Richard Stilgoe
Broadway open - 1988
Based on the Frency novel "Le Fantome de L'Opera' by Gaston Leroux.
Tony Award (1988)
Best Musical
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical
Best Direction of a Musical
Best Scenic Design
Best Costume Design
Best Lighting Design
Drama Desk Award:
Outstanding Actor in a Musical
Outstanding Director of a Musical
Outstanding Music
Outstanding Orchestrations
Outstanding Set Design
Outstanding Costume Design
Outstanding Lighting Design
Micheal Crawford & Sarah Brightman
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