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Manley & Marley SPR15

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Julie Jenkins

on 15 March 2016

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Transcript of Manley & Marley SPR15

1960s- highest income inequality in world
--political participation more equal, some social mobility
--but...majority excluded from control of economic resources or manufacturing/tourism industries.
-Black Power Movement among Middle-Class Intelligentsia
--Walter Rodney
--professor at University of West Indies
--advocated for working poor, critiques development via industrialization
--banned 1968 by JLP Gov
--Rodney Riots/ October Revolution
1972- Michael Manley (PNP)
--alliance of lower class, rural peasantry, progressive middle-class
--used Rastafarian symbols within campaign

Social Reforms
--minimum wage
--free education through university
--subsidized meals/
transport for students
--literacy programs
--housing program
Economic Reforms
--Land distribution
--Nationalized banks, electricity
--bauxite levy
More economic mobility
--black entrepreneurship starts to take off
--able to receive loans
--migration of some upper/middle class to US
But...affect by Oil Crisis of 1970s
--cost of oil rises from J$65 mil in 1973 to J$177 mil in 1974
--Bauxite declines production/export
-prices of staple food items increase
-decline in tourist industry
-International banks stop extending new loans
IMF loans $75 Million in 1977
--recover economy to be able to re-pay existing debts
Structural Adjustment Loans:
1. reduction of public spending (social programs, food subsidies)
2. currency devaluation
3. privatization of state enterprises (industry, water, electricity, phones)
4. reduction of wages to attract foreign investors
5. reduce export prices
6. trade liberalization (eliminate restrictions on imports)
didn't meet all the conditions
--reduced ability for future loans
--1980- worse condition than before loans
Marley & Manley:
The Polytricks of the 1970s?

How was Rastafari & Reggae "co-opted" in the 1970s in Jamaica?
Yeah, yeah, yeah

I've been trying a long, long time still I didn't make it
Everything I try to do seems to go wrong
It seems I have done something wrong
But they're trying to keep me down

Who God bless, no one curse
Thank God I'm not the worst

Better must come one day
Better must come, they can't conquer me
Better must come, yeah

I've been trying a long, long time
But I can't make it
No one to give me a helping hand
They only tryin' to keeps me down

Who God bless, no one curse
Thank God I'm not the worst

Oh, my people get a seat
They're trying to take advantage of me

Better must come, better must come, yeah
Better must come one day
Better must come, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah

I've been trying a long, long time still I can't make it
Everything I try to do seems to go wrong
It seems I have done something wrong
But they're trying to keep me down

Who God bless, no one curse
Thank God I'm not the worst

Better must come one day
Better must come, they can't conquer me
Better must come one day, better must come
Oh, better must come one day, better must come

Better must come one day
Better must come
Better must, ooh
"Haile Selasie I is our God; Henry Claudius is our King; Michael Manley is our Joshua"
(Henry Claudius)
Due to unfavourable financial conditions,
I am unable to cope with this financial shituation,
It's causing an inflation upon creation.

I can't stand this no longer,
The wicked get stronger.
I can't stand this no longer,
'Cause the battle is gettin' hotter.

But dem ha fe get a beatin',
The wicked ha fe get a beatin'.
Dem mus get a beatin',
The wicked ha fe get a beatin'.

Now that you waited,
Till your back is against the wall.
One step, to progress, my brother,
And I know Jah will help you all.

Dem ha fe get a beatin', Lord.
Dem mus get a beatin', yeah.
Dem ha fe get a beatin', I say,
And dem can't get away.

I can't stand this no longer,
The wicked get stronger.
I can't stand this no longer,
'Cause even cockroach get nuffer.

Dem ha fe get a beatin', yeah.
Dem mus get a beatin', Lord.
Dem ha fe get a beatin', yeah.
Dem mus get a beatin'.

Tell me how long,
Must the good suffer for the bad?
And every time the good open his mouth,
The bad say: "You must be mad!".
Dem ha fe get a beatin', Lord,
Dem mus get a beatin', yeah.
Dem ha fe get a beatin', Lord,
And dem can't get away, yeah.

I can't stand this no longer.
(Dem mus get a beatin')
(Dem ha fe get a beatin')
(Dem mus get a beatin')

Now that you waited so long,
Till your back is against the wall.
If you make one step to progress,
I know Jah will help you all.

Dem ha fe get a beatin', yeah.
Dem mus get a beatin', Lord.
Dem ha fe get a beatin', brother,
Dem can't get away.

I can't stand this no longer,
The wicked get so strong.
I can't stand this no longer,
Every thing seem to be wrong.

Dem ha fe get a beatin', Lord.
Dem mus get a beatin', hear me.
Dem ha fe get a beatin', Lord,
Dem can't get away, yeah.

(Dem ha fe get a beatin')
Dem mus get a beatin'.
They've been reigning too long,
It has been 400 long years, and,
And I just can't get on.
Dem ha fe get a beatin'.
Dem mus get a beatin'..
You can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youth
You can't blame the youth
(Of today)
You can't fool the youth

You're teachin' youths to learn in school
That cow jump over moon
You're teachin' youths to learn in school
That the dish ran away with spoon

So you can't blame the youths
(When they don't learn)
You can't fool the youths
(Can't fool the youth)
You can't blame the youth
(Of today)
You can't fool the youth

You teach the youth about Christopher Columbus
And you said he was a very great man
You teach the youth about Marco Polo
And you said he was a very great man

You teach the youth about the pirate Hawkins
And you said he was a very great man
You teach the youth about the pirate Morgan
And you said he was a very great man

So you can't blame the youths
(Of today)
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youths
You can't fool the youths

All these great men were doin'
Robbin', rapin', kidnappin' and killin'
So called great men were doin'
Robbin', rapin', kidnappin'
So you can't blame the youths
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youth
(None at all)
You can't fool the youth

When every Christmas come
You buy the youth a pretty toy gun
When every Christmas come
You buy the youth a fancy toy gun

So you can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youths
You can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youths

But what was hidden from the wise and the prudent
Is now revealed to the babes and the sucklin's
What was hidden from the wise and the prudent
Now revealed to the babes and the sucklin'

Lord, call upon the youth
'Cause He know the youth is strong
Jah, Jah, call upon the youths
'Cause He know the youth is strong

So you can't blame the youth
You can't fool the youth
You can't blame the youth
(Save the children)
You can't fool the youth

Don't blame them, not their fault
How did this affect the Rasta community?
Political vs Religious Rastafari
--"liberate" before "repatriate"
--vs. can't "develop" the "shit-system" of capitalism-- it can't become Zion
"Revolution"

Revelation reveals the truth - revelation.
(revolution, revolution, revolution - oooo-doo-doo-doo-doo)
(revolution - oooo-doo-doo-doo-doo)

It takes a revolution (revolution) to make a solution;
(doo-doo-doo-doo)
Too much confusion (aaa-aaah), so much frustration, eh!
I don't wanna live in the park (live in the park);
Can't trust no shadows after dark (shadows after dark), yeah-eh!
So, my friend, I wish that you could see,
Like a bird in the tree, the prisoners must be free, yeah! (free)

Never make a politician (aaa-aaah) grant you a favour;
(doo-doo-doo-doo)
They will always want (aaa-aaah) to control you forever, eh!
(forever, forever)
So if a fire make it burn (make it burn, make it burn)
And if a blood make ya run (make ya run, run, run),
Rasta de 'pon top (aaa-aaah), can't you see? (doo-doo-doo-doo)
So you can't predict the flop. Eh-eh! (doo-doo-doo-doo)


We got lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brimstone (brimstone) and fire - fire (fire, fire);
Lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brr-brimstone (brimstone) and fire - fiyah - fire - fiyah!
(fire, fire)

Kill, cramp and paralyze all weak at conception;
(aaa-aaah, doo-doo-doo-doo)
Wipe them out of creation (creation), yeah-eah! (creation)
Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! (creation)
Wa-Jah, Jah, Jah! (creation)

Oh! Let i'es is i'es (i'es), in i'es is black (i'es),
In i'es is red (i'es), in i'es is dread.

Let righteousness cover the earth
Like the water (aaa-aaah) cover the sea, yeah! Yeah!

Lightning (lightning), doo-doo-doo (thunder),
doo-doo-doo (brimstone), doo-doo-doo (fire, fire);
A lightning (lightning), thunder (thunder),
brimstone (brimstone) and fire.
What was Manley's vision?
How was reggae used as a way to communicate the lower-class experience and criticize the PNP?
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no

You took them out of bondage and they thank you for it
You sung them songs of love and they try to sing with it
But now in the desert, are you battered and bruised?
They think they are forsaken, they think they have been used

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

You know those who fought for you, you thank them for it
You led them across the Red Sea when fear of drown in it
But now in the jungle, you man, shout out, Lion
Older men are patient but they long for Zion

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
No, Joshua, no
I say, no, Joshua, no

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

You took them out of bondage and they thank you for it
You sung them songs of love and they try to sing with it
But now in the jungle, shouting, Lion
Older men are patient, but they long for Zion

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you, blaming you, blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must forward and start anew

Since you are my friend, Joshua
Know, Joshua
Rasta is watching and blaming you

Since you are my friend, Joshua
I think you should know, Joshua
They say, you must
"Them Belly Full (But We Hungry)"

Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na;
Na-na na na-na na na na.

Them belly full, but we hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A yot a-yook, but d' yood no 'nough.

You're gonna dance to Jah music, dance;
We're gonna dance to Jah music, dance, oh-ooh!

Forget your troubles and dance!
Forget your sorrows and dance!
Forget your sickness and dance!
Forget your weakness and dance!
Cost of livin' gets so high,
Rich and poor they start to cry:
Now the weak must get strong;
They say, "Oh, what a tribulation!"
Them belly full, but we hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-yook, but d' yood* no 'nough.

We're gonna chuck to Jah music - chuckin';
We're chuckin' to Jah music - we're chuckin'.

A belly full, but them hungry;
A hungry mob is a angry mob.
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-cook, but d' food* no 'nough.
A hungry man is a angry man;
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough;
A pot a-yook, but you no 'nough'
A rain a-fall, but the dutty tough.
A pot a-cook, but you no 'nough;
A hungry mob is a angry mob;
A hungry mob is a angry mob. /fadeout/
"Get Up, Stand Up"

Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!

Preacherman, don't tell me,
Heaven is under the earth.
I know you don't know
What life is really worth.
It's not all that glitters is gold;
'Alf the story has never been told:
So now you see the light, eh!
Stand up for your rights. Come on!

Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!
Get up, stand up: stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up: don't give up the fight!

Most people think,
Great God will come from the skies,
Take away everything
And make everybody feel high.
But if you know what life is worth,
You will look for yours on earth:
And now you see the light,
You stand up for your rights. Jah!


Get up, stand up! (Jah, Jah!)
Stand up for your rights! (Oh-hoo!)
Get up, stand up! (Get up, stand up!)
Don't give up the fight! (Life is your right!)
Get up, stand up! (So we can't give up the fight!)
Stand up for your rights! (Lord, Lord!)
Get up, stand up! (Keep on struggling on!)
Don't give up the fight! (Yeah!)

We sick an' tired of-a your ism-skism game -
Dyin' 'n' goin' to heaven in-a Jesus' name, Lord.
We know when we understand:
Almighty God is a living man.
You can fool some people sometimes,
But you can't fool all the people all the time.
So now we see the light (What you gonna do?),
We gonna stand up for our rights! (Yeah, yeah, yeah!)

So you better:
Get up, stand up! (In the morning! Git it up!)
Stand up for your rights! (Stand up for our rights!)
Get up, stand up!
Don't give up the fight! (Don't give it up, don't give it up!)
Get up, stand up! (Get up, stand up!)
Stand up for your rights! (Get up, stand up!)
Get up, stand up! ( ... )
Don't give up the fight! (Get up, stand up!)
Get up, stand up! ( ... )
Stand up for your rights!
Get up, stand up!
Don't give up the fight! [fadeout]
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, wo oh oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, yeah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution.
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man feel it, yeah ah!

Gas gone up.
Bus fare gone up.
The rent gone up.
For meal gone up
Lighting gone up.
The tax gone up.
Car parts gone up.
And mi can't take the first law.

And there has -
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, yeah ah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution!
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, wo oh oh oh.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution.
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
The poor man a feel it, oh ah!
The poor man feel it, stand up!
Only him feel it, yeah, ah!


Time gone up.
Scallion gone up.
Onion gone up.
Red beans gone up.
Black pepper gone up.
Chicken gone up.
And the parents them angry,
'Cause the pickney them hungry.

And there has -
Gotta be a solution to this pollution, right now, yeah.
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, promises won't help!
Gotta find a solution to this pollution, we've been waiting,
For a solution to this pollution.
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
Only them a feel it, oh ah!
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah!
Only him feel it, oh ah!
Only the poor man a feel it, every time!
Only the poor man a feel it, yeah ah..
Did commercialization through international reggae trivalize and degrade the Rastafari movement? Why are white American and British drawn to "rebel music"?
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