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Transcript of Mesopotamia's Government
Mesopotamia was ruled by many different groups of people during its existence.
The three major groups are the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians.
Many believe that Sumer was one of the very first civilizations.
The city of Sumer started as small villages and as they grew the people formed city-states.
included a city and the farm land around it.
City-states functioned much like an independent country today.
While the city-states all shared the same culture they had their own government and set of laws.
The Sumerian government was considered to be a monarchy.
One person has complete authority, or right, to rule.
Each city-state had its own king that was in charge and called all the shots.
Located in Northern Mesopotamia, at the start of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Known as cruel and ruthless warriors.
They were famous for their fearsome army.
Their government was also a monarchy.
The Assyrians eventually conquered Babylon and completely destroyed the city.
The city of Babylon was located on the banks of the Euphrates River in southern Mesopotamia.
Babylon was a very powerful city and at one time ruled over Mesopotamia.
There was a large wall surrounding the city.
The city was ruled by King Hammurabi, making their government a monarchy as well.
King of Babylon
Took control of Mesopotamia under his rule.
Famous for putting together a code of laws.
King Hammurabi was tired of people making their own laws and rules.
He had the laws written down, something no one had done before.
The code was written down on clay tablets, using cuneiform.
It contained 282 laws.
"An eye for an eye"
The first set of written down laws, written by the Babylonian king, hammurabi.