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Elements of Fiction - "War"

Story elements in the short story "War" by Luigi Pirandello.
by

C. Pescott

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Elements of Fiction - "War"

"War" Elements of Fiction Introduction Complications Climax ResolutionClimax Short Story Elements Setting Introduction Complications Climax Resolution A couple enter a train carriage together.

They explain to the others in the car that their son has gone off to fight in the war. Characters Point of View Tone Theme A second-class train carriage, waiting in Fabriano, Italy.

The story begins at dawn. No characters are mentioned by name. By: Luigi Pirandello A man and wife, coming from Rome. Their son has just gone to war; the woman is distraught, and the man talks to help himself forget. "And he felt it his duty to explain..." (p.27) Five passengers; one of which has a son already on the front lines of the war, another who has two sons and three nephews at the front.
Both participate in the discussion. An old man, to all appearances very sick.
He has already lost his son in the war, and attempts to remain indifferent to his death. Denies the tragedy of his son's death to everyone, including himself. "... or at least thank God - as I do - because my son, before dying, sent me a message saying that he was dying satisfied at having ended his life in the best way he could have wished. That is why, as you see, I do not even wear mourning..." (p.28) Omniscient Treats all perspectives equally. Conversational, depressed - even the scenery. For most parents, love for their children is more important than all other kinds of love. An argument breaks out between the men in the car, as to whose situation is worse.

An old man begins to talk about his dead son, and brings new perspective to the discussion in the car. The other parents can't help but agree. The woman is ashamed of herself for feeling that she was the only one who could understand her grief.

She participates in the conversation, and asks if the old man's son is really dead. "Then suddenly, just as if she had heard nothing of what had been said and almost as if waking up from a dream, she turned to the old man, asking him:
'Then ... is your son really dead?' " The old man bursts into tears as he is forced to confront the fact that his son is dead. "...he had suddenly realized at last that his son was really dead ... gone for ever ... for ever." " 'Quite so ... quite so ...' agreed the others." "...now the words of the [traveler] amazed and almost stunned her. She suddenly realized that it wasn't the others who were wrong and could not understand her bt herself who could not rise up to the same height of those fathers and mothers willing to resign themselves, without crying, not only to the departure of their sons but even to their death. FIN "... a bulky woman, in deep mourning, was hoisted in - almost like a shapeless bundle. Behind her, puffing and moaning, followed her husband ..." " At dawn, in a stuffy and smoky second-class carriage in which five people had already spent the night ..."
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