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Unit 1 - Module 2: Canadian Government System

[FULL SCREEN, PLEASE!] Map for "CHV2O-KF-S2-2012-13-D2L"
by

Rachel Chiong

on 16 February 2013

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Transcript of Unit 1 - Module 2: Canadian Government System

Federal Government Government Responsibilities Municipal Government - fire service
- garbage collection
- libraries
- local police service
- local schools
- parks and recreation
- public transit
- recycling
- road maintenance
- sewage
- snow clearance
- water services Executive Branch Legislative Branch Provincial Government Parliament Represents Queen in Parliament Cabinet Cabinet is formed by MPs appointed by Prime Minister. Administration from government departments report their activities to Parliament. Civil Servants Judiciary Branch Supreme Court of Canada Senate House of Commons Leader of Government in the Senate serves as Cabinet Minister and ensures the relationship between Senate and Cabinet. Prime Minister appoints those in the Senate. There are 301 members elected for up to five years. Members of the House of Commons are chosen by voters. Prime Minister and Members of Cabinet are accountable to the House of Commons. Here they propose legislation and defend the policies on behalf of their department. Federal Courts The Supreme Court makes final decisions. It interprets law based on the constitution, enforcing 'Peace, Order and Good Government'. It handles criminal law, defence, trade, and foreign affairs, and has the power to cancel provincial laws. Responsibilities Responsibilities The Supreme Court has a Chief Justice and eight other judges all appointed by the federal government. Before a case can reach the Supreme Court of Canada, it must have been through every other available court. ( Beverley McLachlin ) First Reading The bill is introduced in
the House of Commons Second Reading Arguments are presented
in support of the bill Committee The bill is examined in detail by a committee of MPs and changes to the bill can be made The Third Reading The final wording of the bill is debated and a
final vote is taken Bill goes to the Senate Prime Minister:
Stephen Harper [ Lieutenant Governor ] [ Governor General ] Premier of Ontario:
Kathleen Wynne Mayor of Mississauga:
Hazel McCallion Council (Two Tier Government)
PEEL REGION with Brampton, Caledo, and Mississauga - Representing their constituents at council

- Developing and supporting policies

- Passing by-laws, such as parking and noise by-laws, to regulate the actions of people and businesses in the municipality [ How Municipal By-Laws Are Made ] Council asks themselves,"What do we want to achieve?" The issue is placed on an agenda to be addressed until the policy goals are established. Implementation Once the council approves, the bill is the responsibility of the municipal administration (the chief administrative officer, the city clerks, standing and executive committees, corporate services and other departments) in order to implement it through service programs and funding. By-Law-Enforcement The staff in Compliance and Licensing Enforcement are in charge of enforcing by-laws and responding to complaints relating to violations of City by-laws. They are located in an office in the Mississauga City Hall. If a party wins the most votes
during an election,
they will select a leader within their own party,
who becomes Prime Minister. - National Defence - Trade - Finance - Natural Resources Foreign Affair - Sea Coast / Inland Fishing - - Agriculture and Agri-Food Transport, Infrastructure,
and Communities - Environment - National Revenue - - Aboriginal Affairs and
Northern Development (John Duncan) (Gerry Ritz) (Peter Kent) (Jim Flaherty) (John Baird) (Peter MacKay) (Gail Shea) (Joe Oliver) (Wladyslaw Lizon:
Mississauga - Cooksville) (Keith Ashfield) (Ed Fast) (Denis Lebel) [ Elizabeth II of
the United Kingdom ] Queen The Queen holds executive authority over Canada, since Canada is a under a constitutional monarchy. She is represented in Canada by her Governor General and Lieutenant General. (David Lloyd Johnston) The Governor General,
who represents the Queen in Canada's Federal Government, gives the final word by signing bills the government presents to him. He also performs other official duties in place of the Queen. (Elected on February 11, 2013) A premier is the head of Provincial Government, who is responsible for appointing the provincial cabinet. Natural Resources - Citizenship and Immigration - Children and
Youth Services - - Responsible for Seniors Finance - - Training Colleges and Universities - Community and Social Services Safety and Correctional Services - - Infrastructure (Teresa Piruzza) (Michael Coteau) (Ted McMeekin) (Charles Sousa) (Glen Murray) (Dipika Damerla:
Mississauga - Cooksville) (David Orazietti) (Mario Sergio) (Madeleine Meilleur) (Brad Duguid) (David C. Onley) The Lieutenant Governor serves as the Queen's representative in Provincial Government. He gives the Queen's assent to bills the provincial government presents him. Jim Tovey Patricia Mullin Frank Dale Bonnie Crombie Ron Starr Katie Mahoney Pat Saito Sue McFadden McCallion is Canada's longest- serving mayor and one of the longest serving elected leaders in history. She was made a Member of the Order of Canada in 2005. As of 2012 she is 92 years old. Chris Fonseca George Carlson Nando Iannicca [ Council Roles ] - Representing their municipality and their constituents at community events

- Sitting on council committees such as the waste management or the budget committee

- Working with other agencies involved in similar issues, for example housing, social services, environment and transportation. Ensures that every province is represented by at least one Cabinet Minister Civil servants are people who assist the Cabinet. They do not change when the government changes. ( Majory LeBreton ) Federal Courts are trial level courts. They oversee cases that involve education, civil law, health, provincial disputes intellectual property proceedings, citizenship, Competition Act cases, and cases involving Crown corporations or departments of the Government of Canada. Executive Branch Cabinet Cabinet is formed by MPPs appointed by Premiere. Administration from government departments report their activities to Parliament. Civil Servants Civil servants are people who assist the Cabinet. They do not change when the government changes. Legislative Branch Legislative Assembly Contains 107 seats representing ridings in Ontario. Members call themselves "Members of the Provincial Parliament" (MPPs) instead of "Members of the Legislative Assembly" (MLAs) like other provinces. Judiciary Branch Represents Queen in Parliament Appoints municipal representatives into Provincial Cabinet Provincial Courts Provincial Supreme Court:
"Superior Court of Justice" Provincial Supreme Courts usually have their own name varying from province to province. Ontario's is the "Superior Court of Justice". The superior courts can hear cases except those that are specifically heard at another level of court. The Supreme Court of Justice deals with criminal, family, and civil cases. The Supreme Court of Justice has further provincial division courts. There is the “Divisional Court”, the “Small Claims Court” and the “Family Court”. [ How a Law is Made ] Federal Bill Provincial Bill Federal bill is given royal assent by Governor General Provincial bill is given royal assent by Lieutenant General Law Goes By Policy Municipal By-Law Sources Federal Provincial Municipal Jurisdiction "Unit 1: Citizenship and Government Module 2: Branches of Government." VLCCHV2O - Civics - Gr. 10 - Open - Fairhall, Virtual Learning Center Ministry Content.. D2L, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <https://tldsb.elearningontario.ca/d2l/le/content/151538/viewContent/14846297/View>. the Senate, the House of Commons, and the Library of Parliament . "Inside Canada's Parliament: An Introduction to How the Canadian Parliament Works". First ed. Ottawa: Library of Parliament, 2002. Print. “Rosella, Louie (November 11, 2011). "MPPs take on new roles". Mississauga News: p. 1.” "Kathleen Wynne sworn in as Ontario’s first female premier, unveils cabinet." National Post. National Post, 11 Feb. 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/02/11/kathleen-wynne-sworn-in-as-ontarios-first-female-premier-unveils-cabinet/>. "Lots of rookie ministers in Wynne's expanded cabinet." CBC News. CBC, 11 Feb. 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/story/2013/02/11/ontario-kathleen-wynne-new-cabinet.html>. About Parliament. Legislative Assembly of Ontario, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://educationportal.ontla.on.ca/en/about-parliament>. "City Hall - Mayor & Council." Mississauga.ca. City of Mississauga, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/cityhall/mayorandcouncil>. "HOW THE COURTS ARE ORGANIZED." Department of Justice. Department of Justice Canada, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/dept-min/pub/ccs-ajc/page3.html>. "Residents - By-Law Enforcement." Mississauga.ca. City of Mississauga, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/residents/bylawenforcement>. "Hazel McCallion." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazel_McCallion>. "Legislative Assembly of Ontario." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legislative_Assembly_of_Ontario>. "Ontario Superior Court of Justice." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario_Superior_Court_of_Justice>. "About the Court." Superior Court of Justice. Ontario Courts, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ontariocourts.on.ca/scj/en/>. "Unit 1: Citizenship and Government Module 2: Passing Legislation." VLCCHV2O - Civics - Gr. 10 - Open - Fairhall, Virtual Learning Center Ministry Content.. D2L, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <https://tldsb.elearningontario.ca/d2l/le/content/151538/viewContent/14846301/View>. All images are from Google Images except the bills and hearts,
those are made by me. :)
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