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CJS for Young Offenders In Scotland

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charlotte mclachlan

on 22 August 2014

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Transcript of CJS for Young Offenders In Scotland

-provide quality youth justice processes and practice

-provide an appropriate range of interventions for YO's involved in offending behaviour

-promote early and effective intervention

-ease the transition between the childrens hearing and adult criminal justice system

-ensure that secure accomodation and detention is used only when it is the most appropriate disposal and alternatives have been considered

-improve information and assistance provided in victims of youth offending and local communities

Objectives Of The Youth Justice Provision
CJS for Young Offenders In Scotland
http:/www.scotland.gov.ukPublications/2013/04/8899/55
"Framework For Action"
There are 5 strands to the framework which aims to prevent offending by young people:

-prevention

-early and effective intervention

-managing high risk

-victims and community confidence

-planning and perfomance improvement
Getting It Right For Every Child (GIRFEC) is their approach to punishment hence assessing each individual situation seperately.
Polmont Youth Offenders Institution


Scottish Prison Service Website
Polmont is Scotland's national holding facility for Young Offenders aged between 16 - 21 years of age. Sentences range from 6 months to Life. The average sentence length is between 2 - 4 years.
The minimum age of criminal responsibility is 8.

However the minimum age someone can be prosecuted is 12.

This changed under the Criminal Justice and Licensing Act 2010.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-23121725
http://www.audit-scotland.gov.uk/docs/central/2002/nr_021204_youth_justice.pdf
How Successful Is The System?
• The numbers of 16-21 years olds proceeded against in court has declined
from a high of 42,000 in 1996 to 33,000 in 2000.

• Fewer 16/17 year old males are going to prison.

• The trend for 18-20 year olds is steady…

• but, the number of young women getting prison sentences continues to rise
(albeit they account for just 5% of the total).
CRITICISMS
Time standards exist within the CHS. However data are not
consistently collected or reported, and those agencies that
do report performance are not meeting targets.
It takes between 71⁄2 and 81⁄2 months on average to get a court
decision on a young person.
THERE ARE SIGNIFICANT VARIATIONS IN THE
DECISIONS REACHED ON YOUNG PEOPLE.
LESS THAN 40% OF YOUTH JUSTICE SPEND IS
DIRECTED AT TACKLING OFFENDING BEHAVIOUR.
In October 2001, there was a vacancy rate of 13% among
children’s services social workers – this equates to 183 whole time staff. The shortages are getting worse.
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