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Foldables: Increasing Student Comprehension
Transcript of Foldables: Increasing Student Comprehension
Comprehension Across the Curriculum FOLDABLES Ever gotten a gift with a tag that says
"Do Not Open Until Christmas"?
What's the first thing you want
to do with that gift?
Foldables work in sort of the
same way with students... So, what is a foldable, exactly? The Research A foldable allows students to interact
visually and kinesthetically
with information. Just like a graphic organizer,
foldables help students build and create
relationships between concepts and material. Foldables can be quite simple or quite complex. These factors depend on the task to be completed and the students who will be completing them. A foldable is a three-
dimensional graphic organizer. Numerous studies have shown that reading comprehension increases when students use graphic organizers (foldables).
(Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Darch et al., 1986; Gardill & Jitendra, 1999; Idol & Croll, 1987; Sinatra et al., 1984) identifying similarities and differences.
non-linguistic representations Foldables increase student engagement and incorporate many of Robert Marzano's high yield instructional strategies such as: There is not a lot of scholarly research available specific to using foldables in the classroom, however in one action research paper I found, there was a significant increase in student pre and post scores for the classes that used foldables as compared to the class that used a lecture/worksheet model. Casteel, and Narkawicz (2006) Boyle, J. R., & Weishaar, M. (1997). The effects of expert-generated versus student-generated cognitive organizers on the reading comprehension of students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 12(4), 228-235.
Casteel, D. B. and Narkawicz , M. G. (2006). Effectiveness of Foldables Versus Lecture/Worksheet in Teaching Social Studies in Third Grade Classrooms. Forum on Public Policy. Retrieved Sept. 15, 2012 from http://www.forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivesum07/casteel.pdf
Darch, C. B., Carnine, D. W., & Kammeenui, E. J. (1986). The role of graphic organizers and social structure in content area instruction. Journal of Reading Behavior, 18 (4), 275-295.
Gallego, M. A., Duran, G. Z., & Scanlon, D. J. (1989). Interactive teaching and learning: Facilitating learning disabled students’ transition from novice to expert. Literacy Theory and Research , 311-319.
Gardill, M. C., & Jitendra, A. K. (1999). Advanced story map instruction: Effects on the reading comprehension of students with learning disabilities. The Journal of Special Education, 33 (1), 2-17.
Idol, L., & Croll, V. J. (1987). Story-mapping training as a means of improving reading comprehension. Learning Disability Quarterly, 10 (3), 214-229.
Marzano, R. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Research –based strategies for improving student achievement. Alexandria, Va: Association for Supervision of Curriculum Development.
Sinatra, R. C., Stahl-Gemake, J., & Berg, D. N. (1984). Improving reading comprehension of disabled readers through semantic mapping. Reading Teacher, 38 (1), 22-29. Works Cited Foldables give students the opportunity to write all day. According to the training I attended, students actually write more throughout the day because they are writing in smaller chunks more frequently. Ways to Use Foldables Foldables help develop motor skills in younger students because they are cutting, folding, and gluing on a regular basis. Foldables can be used across the curriculum. Foldables give students more ownership over the material and gives them responsibility for their own learning. and (gasp!) making and using foldables can be
a lot of fun! Give it a try! Intrigued? Check out pinterest!
http://pinterest.com/search/?q=foldables or amazon
http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_1?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=foldables or go to the source...
Dinah Zikes is the
creator of foldables.
http://www.dinah.com/index.php However simple or creative you make the activity... the idea is to have your students engaged! By Kristin Carter