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Should Smoking be Banned in Public Places??

Year 10 IRP

Umi S

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of Should Smoking be Banned in Public Places??

Exposure to smoke, can cause many problems like:
• Increased risk of lung cancer and heart disease
• Respiratory problems such as pneumonia
• Slower lung growth and decreased lung function
• Sore and watery eyes
• Sneezing and coughing
• Sore throats
• Breathing problems
• Asthmatics to experience wheezing and chest tightening
• Ear infections Smoking in Australia is the largest single cause of death and disease, with around 290 people dying from smoking every week.

There are many harmful chemicals, and poisons in a cigarette. This is one of the reasons it is so harmful to people. Smoking can cause many disease. These include cancer, heart disease, stroke, emphysema, asthma and blindness. There are many short - term and long-term effects of smoking : Many survey, studies and scientific research has proved that smoking is harmful to our health. Smoke is unhealthy and it pollutes the environment. There are two types of smokers active smokers and passive smoker. People who choose to smoke are known as active smokes and people around them and inhale the smoke are passive smokers. The biggest debate right now is whether smoking should be banned in public places. This is because people who do not smoke inhale gases from people smoking around them. This is known a second hand smoke and it comes from the burning end of a cigarette or the smoke that's breathed out from a smoker's mouth. When you are around people who are smoking, you are breathing in their smoke too. Passive smokers are equally affected by the ill effect of smoking. Both smokers and non- smokers meet at many public places like offices, hotels, restaurants etc. So considering that people choose not to smoke to take care of their health. Should they have to be around to people, who put their lives at risk? The smoke these people produce, not only affects their health but also everything around them including other people and the environment. Smoking has never been a good habit. Those who smoke suffer from severe health problems. A cigarette contains 4000 types of chemicals out of which 43 are carcinogenic which means having the potential to cause cancer. The smoke has a concentration of carbon monoxide gases which is diluted during inhalation. It displaces oxygen and the result is impairment of the central nervous system, cardiac and pulmonary diseases (related to lungs). The smoke from a cigarette is inhaled directly, when the smoker inhales, the filtered smoke goes into his mouth. Of course, by the time it reaches the non-smoker the second-hand smoke get diluted, but this does not make it less dangerous.

A research study at the University of Zurich in Switzerland reported that when a non-smoker remains in a smoky room for half an hour, he can gather the same amount of carbon monoxide in his blood as if that person smoked one cigarette directly . This shows, keeping all the consequences of smoking in mind, the Government's policy to ban smoking in public places is justifiable, as second hand smoke can affect people as equally as if they had smoked themselves. Everywhere you look smoking of cigarette is glamorized through advertisements, with more and more younger children being attracted to them. A survey was recently done to see how people liked or disliked the idea of banning cigarette sales to anyone born after 2000? This would stop children under the age of 12 from having the chance to buy cigarettes. From the people who did the survey 64% though it was an excellent idea, 26% thought is was wrong, 7% thought is was ok and 3% said they don't know. From this study we can see that the government is some what on the right track to stopping the highest reason for death in Australia. The high court challenge against plain packaging for cigarettes was dismissed recently, helping towards a healthier Australia. Some progress to banning smoking in public places has already happened in Australia with Western Australia leading the way. In 1999 the Western Australian Health Regulation banned smoking in most enclosed public places such as restaurants and shopping centers. A total smoking ban in all enclosed public places, including all pubs and nightclubs was implemented on 31 July 2006 (except the International Room at Burswood Casino). Commonwealth legislation in 1991 also made it illegal to manufacture, import and supply tobacco products that are sucked, chewed or inhaled in Australia. The tobacco industry is one of the most expensive in the world, the sales of cigarettes are bound to suffer with a ban of smoking in public places. This may cause economic scare, with some of the industry suffering. It would also effect businesses that ban smoking. They would lose customers which would ultimately lead to owners having to make job cuts. Pros of Smoking Ban
The advantages of banning smoking in public areas include:
• Non-smokers can be saved from being exposed to the hazards of secondhand smoke.
• Banning public smoking will prevent it from influencing the minds of children and teens.
• Smoking bans can make it difficult for people to find a suitable place to smoke. This can dishearten them and make them think about quitting smoking for good.
• Now, smoking has become legally wrong. This can dissuade youngsters from starting smoking.
• Bars, pubs and discotheques are now much healthier places since the ban on cigarette smoke.
• Heart patients can breathe freely without worrying about being exposed to toxic secondhand smoke. Cons of Smoking Ban
The disadvantages of the public smoking bans is:
• Governments make plenty of profits from cigarette sales. This amount could reduce because of the ban.
• Many smokers have taken to evading the ban and smoking on the sly.
• Many pubs, cafes and restaurants have lost patrons because of the smoking ban. In fact, many employees in these establishments have even lost their jobs.
• Many youngsters have started smoking just because smoking is banned. They do so because of the attraction of the forbidden object.
• Smoking bans have caused many smokers to experience withdrawal symptoms such as irritation and loss of concentration. This can become a cause of workplace and domestic disruption Banning smoking in public places will give some justice to non- smokers. At home you are free to do whatever you fell like, but in public places smokers are not only putting themselves at risk but other around them. Around Australia smoking is the largest single cause of death, if people chose not to smoke because of there health I think the government should support them. It has been shown from a series of studies, surveys and research that second hand smoke is just as harmful as smoking directly this is why I think smoking should be completely banned or confined to certain areas where people who choose not to smoke will not be exposed to the harmful chemicals from smoke that can cause various disease and health conditions. BIBLIOGRAPHY
•Unknown Author, 30/9/2010, "Smoking Ban Pros and Cons", http://smoking.ygoy.com/2010/09/30/smoking-ban-pros-and-cons/, (30/8/2012)
• Unknown Author, 2009-2010, "Smoking in Public Places - Permanent bans inevitably increasing", http://www.quit-smoking-central.com/smoking-in-public-places.html, (2/9/2012)
• Sherman Ted, 26/7/2011, "Why smoking should be banned in all public places", http://www.helium.com/items/1345291-smoking-should-be-banned-in-all-public-places (1/9/2012)
• Darby Andrew, Corderoy Amy, 22/8/2012, "Bid to ban cigarettes for anyone born after 2000", http://www.smh.com.au/national/bid-to-ban-cigarettes-for-anyone-born-after-2000-20120822-24liy.html, (26/8/2012)
• Rajkoomar Manish, N.D., "Essay on Should Smoking be banned in Public Places? ", http://www.publishyourarticles.net/knowledge-hub/essay/an-essay-on-should-smoking-be-banned-in-public-places.html (2/9/2012)
• Nelson Steven E. , McRae Sara, DiPalma Travis, November 2002, "Second- Hand Smoke Survey, Preliminary Report", http://tcsg.org/mqtSurvey_01.pdf, (31/8/2012)
• Unknown Author, 2012, "Hard Facts", http://www.oxygen.org.au/hardfacts, (2/9/2012)
• Department of Health WA, N.D, "Smarter than Smoking- Fact Sheet - Tobacco and the Law in Australia" , http://www.oxygen.org.au/downloads/New_StS_FS/Tobacco_and_the_law_in_Australia.pdf, (30/8/2012)
• Soumya, n.d., "Should smoking be banned in public places?", http://www.preservearticles.com/201106127915/should-smoking-be-banned-in-public-places.html, (25/7/2012)
• Kemp Miles, 6/5/2012, "Power to ban smoking in public areas by May 31", http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/power-to-ban-smoking-in-public-areas-by-may-31/story-e6frea6u-1226348103846- (2/9/2012) Should Smoking be Banned in Public?? By Umi Susindran Picture References 1. Simon Cross, Sunday Mail (SA), 2012, "Adelaide City Council has already passed new bylaws to ban smoking in Rundle Mall"(online picture), http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/power-to-ban-smoking-in-public-areas-by-may-31/story-e6frea6u-1226348103846
- Picture on first slide - person smoking on with a city in the background
2. OxyGen, 2012 "Health of effects of smoking" (online Picture), http://www.oxygen.org.au/hardfacts/health-effects-of-smoking
- Diagram with effects of smoking
3. Author of Article - Andrew Darby and Amy Corderoy, 2012, "How do you rate the idea of banning cigarette sales to anyone born after 2000?", http://www.smh.com.au/national/bid-to-ban-cigarettes-for-anyone-born-after-2000-20120822-24liy.html
- Poll - not scientific and reflect the opinion only of visitors(readers) of the newspaper
4. Lena Freund, N.D, http://www.ehow.com/list_7604219_reasons-public-places-should-smoke.html (online picture)
- Burning cigarette
5. Unknown Author, 2011, "Harbin to vote a local law to protect non-smokers from second-hand smoke" http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news19274.html, (online picture)
- Cigarette smoke, women coughing in the background
6. Adele Caelia, N.D., "How does Cigarette Smoke Turn Walls Yellow?", http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4672368_cigarette-smoke-turn-walls-yellow.html (online Picture)
- Stained wall
7. Unknown Aurthor, N.D., http://tappphoto.blogspot.com/2010/12/secondhand-smoke-killsad-campaign.html (online Picture)
- Campaign about second hand smoke
8. Unknown Aurthor, N.D., "No Title" http://ajay-menghani.blogspot.com/2011/11/smoking-kills.html (online picture)
- Baby affected by second hand smoke
9. Unknown Author, N.D, "What's in a cigarette?", http://www.oxygen.org.au/downloads/New_StS_FS/Whats_in_a_cigarette.pdf (online picture)
- Diagram of what is in a cigarette Smoking can discolour walls very similar to the way it damages peoples nails, lungs and teeth, as seen in the picture below: THE END
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