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Eunice Nam

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing: Why and How
From Writer's Help
What would you do in the following situations?
1. The sentence contains a lot of technical terms that can't be said another way
Paraphrasing Steps
Step 2. In a NEW way? How?
A restatement by a writer of a source's words or ideas in the writer's own words.
Why 1.
Paraphrase unless you can't find another way to say the same thing. Paraphrasing is a challenging but valuable skill. It lets you use information from other articles or sources, but still you produce your OWN version of work.
Why 2.
If you paraphrase well, you are helping your readers understand the most important points of the issue without letting them be distracted by too many unnecessary details.
Why 3.
You do NOT want to give readers the impression that you do NOT understand. You MUST understand the idea first to paraphrase.
1. Locate the central point that you want to paraphrase.
2. Express the central point in a new way.
3. Signal Words: Introduce the paraphrase.
4. Finally, include the original author information and the year.
For Beginners!
Use synonyms

Change the sentence type:
Make it more complex or simpler

Changing the part of speech
For example, change a verb into a noun.
BUT, Eventually,
Trying to paraphrase by using a dictionary or a thesaurus and finding synonyms for the key nouns and verbs might result in a "WEAK" paraphrase.
To be or not to be, that is the question.
Shakespeare's Hamlet asks himself whether it would be better for him to live or to die.
Step #1. Read the original sentence. Look up the word you don't understand.
Step #2. Read it again until you fully understand.
Step #3. Stop looking. Close the book or put away the article. Talk to somebody else about what you have just read.
Step #4. Check accuracy.
Signal Words that Help you
According to,
It has been proved that......
In his/her study, (author) found that.........
In a recent paper on (topic), (author) argues that.......
Other helpful verbs: discuss, state, define, describe, claim, observe, report, add, contend,......
2. The idea in the sentence is important, but the sentence is long and a bit confusing.
3. You don't really understand what the sentence means.
“The Ikenberry Dining Hall made healthy changes throughout March in honor of National Nutrition Month, such as installing a new soy milk machine, offering healthier versions of dining hall foods and educating students about nutritional eating habits”
(Gibson, 2013).
Full transcript