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Copy of Mies van der Rohe and The Seagram Building Presentation
Transcript of Copy of Mies van der Rohe and The Seagram Building Presentation
The Seagram Building
A study by: Brennan Scott, Ryan Kimmel, and Mat Stockstill
Why Mies and the Seagram building?
We picked this project because Mies Van Der Rohe is a master designer of steel and glass and a founding father of many modern architectural movements.
What are the major players and what were their roles
in Mies' Life?
He felt that traditional schematic design limited the freedom that is offered by the construction system
Geographers and Anthropologists
Mies learned more from them than traditional Architects because they reinforced his ideas of construction.
His father was a Master mason - this lead to his respect of building materials and qualities
He was a German furniture maker, whom Mies was an apprentice under.
Germany’s foremost architect and designer whom employed Mies in his earlier years.
K. F. Schienkel
He was a Neoclassical designer who’s style Mies mimicked
Dutch architect - Mies respected the constructional integrity characteristic of his architecture
What makes this designer and project important?
Mies's transcendent view of architecture lead to the emergence of the international style, setting the building tone for the next two decades. Mies believed that form became a consequence of structure and was no longer the reason for it, where as previous philosophies had believed that structure was shaped by form.
“Reason is the first principal of all human work”
-St. Thomas Aquinas
Mies realized that functional requirements of space may change but form once established cannot be modified. He was convinced that buildings should permit flexibility of use and this lead him to design various structural systems relative to a building's functional requirements as a whole.
Mies shared this belief, which lead him to reject open speculation and personal expression as basis for architecture.
Mies believed that the more truthfully buildings expressed their structure and form, the more architecture became transcendent.
"God Is in the Details"
Mies felt that functions could be grouped within their general space requirements, which could then be accommodated within various economically feasible systems. The Seagram building makes use of space requirements in a way that he refers to as a "low rise skeleton frame building".
The Seagram building's set back plaza led the city to rewrite much of its office district zoning in 1961 to encourage similar open public spaces. Traditionally, building facades had set at street level, meeting the sidewalk.
The Seagram building was a further development of Mies's ideas from the 1951 Lake Shore Drive Apartments
Seagram building was the first skyscraper with floor-to-ceiling windows, making the wall a true curtain of glass.
Between the windows, there are vertical decorative bronze I-profiled beams attached to the mullions to emphasize the vertical rise of the facade
Exterior columns anchor into girders which support each floor, built upon a series of steel pilings.
Although glass provides a good cladding material, heating and cooling can be difficult, since glass is highly conductive.
Curtain wall construction became very popular, but without the additional rigidity of exterior materials, curtain wall buildings required extra rigid and typically more expensive frames to carry gravity and wind loads.
Issues and Concerns
This typically led to internal bracing systems, which ate up costly floor space. Mies' philosophy attempted to remedy this by creating a system where structure was built into the aesthetic and did not disturb the overall use of space.
Did Mies's design and structural philosophy bring about any major changes to the design or build process in the field of architecture?
Mies' introduction of the separation of structural form created free flowing and non compartmentalized spaces, constituting the belief that what is necessary may be practically refined. Mies' structural and spacial concepts enabled building spaces to be spatially varied while overall conceptually and environmentally unified. His design philosophy came to be known as the international style.
What does that mean?
Theoretical idea "Glass Skyscraper" Mies designed that played with transparency. He wanted a building primarily made of glass
This theoretical building, The Concrete Office Building, uses strictly structure and transparency on the exterior.
Both of these theoretical structures helped build his concepts for...
The tint on the glazing system needs to be oiled twice a year since it is made of bronze. In order to do this they need to get special permits since the building is now an official landmark of New York City.
Keep Calm and Chive On