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Ser and Estar

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by

Nikki Karl

on 18 August 2016

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Transcript of Ser and Estar

Ser
I.D.
Identify people or things
To express possession (de) La casa es
de
Paco

If the blank is followed by "de" most of the time you use ser
time/date
origin/nationality (de) Ellos son
de
Panamá.

location of event
Permanent
Personal/physical characteristics Ella es aburrida. Ella es alta
Estar
Location
Feels
variable condition
physical
emotional
mental
Progressive formulas
estar + Present Participle
estoy
estás
está
estamos
están
AR---> ando
ER/IR--> iendo
What something is made of.... (el avión es
de
papel)

Present Participle
+
The difference between Ser and Estar
Temporary
Prepositions describe location!
1. In on at en
2. Between entre
3. Above /about sobre envelope (noun)
4. Across from enfrente de
5. Behind detrás de
6. Near cerca de
7. Far lejos de
8. To the right a la derecha de Straight (derecho)
9. To the left a la izquierda de
10. Under debajo de
11. Next to al lado de
12. In front of delante de
13. For por / para
14. Of/from de
15. Inside dentro de
16. Outside fuera de
17. Around alredador de
18. In the middle al medio de
19. On top of encima de
20. through por
Está Nublado
Ella está enferma
Nosotros estamos tristes
Yo estoy ocupado
Adjective
Ser
Estar
abierto
to be frank
to be open
aburrido
to be boring
to be bored
atento
to be attentive
to pay attention
bajo
to be short (height)
to be located way down
to be depressed
blanco
to be white (naturally)
to be white (after washing)
bueno
to be good, honest; to be a
good person
to be in good health, to be fine
to taste good
callado
to be naturally quite/not a
talkative person.
to be quiet; to not be speaking
cansado
to be tiring, exhausting,
annoying
to be tired, to feel tired
ciego
to be a blind person
to be temporarily blinded by something
considerado
to be considerate of others
To be considered a certain way
débil
to be a weakling
to feel weak
despierto
to be bright, smart
to be awake
dispuesto
to be active
to be prepared or willing
divertido
to be fun, entertaining, or
amusing
to be enjoying oneself, to be amused
fresco
to be cheeky, a smart aleck
to be fresh
frío
to be unfeeling, frigid, cold
in terms of personality
to be cold in terms of temperature
gordo
to be fat
to be getting fat, to look out of shape
grave
to be serious
to be in very poor health
interesado
to be interested in something
solely for financial or material
reasons
to feel interest or to be interested
in something
limpio
to be clean naturally
to be clean (after washing)
listo
to be smart; clever
to be ready
loco
to be certifiably crazy
to be acting crazy
malo
to be a bad, cruel person or
thing
to be or feel ill, to taste bad
molesto
to be annoying, irritating
to be upset or annoyed by something
negro
to be black
to be furious
muerto
to be a bore
to be dead
nervioso
to be an anxious person
to feel nervous
nuevo
to be brand new
to be like new
orgulloso
to be proud or arrogant
to feel pride, satisfaction for something
seguro
to be safe
to be sure, certain
verde
to be green
to be unripe
viejo
to be old
to be getting old, looking old
vivo
to be very lively, animated, bubbly
to be alive, not dead
Adjectives that change their meaning depending on whether they use ser or estar
What's this?
estáis
Full transcript