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The Source and Summit
Transcript of The Source and Summit
The Sacrament of the Eucharist
Eucharist as Summit
"O Master Christ God, King of the ages and Creator of all things, I thank Thee for all the good things which Thou hast bestowed upon me, and for the communion of Thy most pure and life-creating Mysteries. I pray Thee, therefore, O Good One and Lover of mankind: Keep me under Thy protection and in the shadow of Thy wings; and grant me, even until my last breath, to partake worthily and with a pure conscience, of Thy Holy Things, unto the remission of sins and life eternal. For Thou art the Bread of life, the Source of holiness, the Giver of good things; and unto Thee do we send up glory, together with the Father and the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto the ages of ages. Amen."
Gospels & St. Paul on the Eucharist
What does this mean?
The Eucharist is "the source and summit of the Christian life."
What is a source and summit in your own life?
Without Sunday We Cannot Live
304 AD in Abitene, Tunisia
Emperor Diocletian forbade anyone from possessing the Scriptures, gathering on Sunday to celebrate the Eucharist, or from building a house of worship.
The punishment was death.
Forty-nine Christians were arrested, tortured horrendously, and killed for doing this very thing.
"Without Sunday, we cannot live."
Source or Summit?
What else from Pope Benedict?
Sunday as the "Weekly Easter"
While not legally prohibited under the threat of death, we present-day Christians are threatened with unbridled consumerism, religious indifference, and secularism.
Eucharist as our "manna in the desert"
Jesus' presence in the Eucharist is dynamic, urging us to assimilate him into us and conform ourselves to him.
We cannot communicate with the Lord if we do not communicate with one another.
Without Sunday We Cannot Live...
What can you not live without? We need to grow our desire for the Lord. We must always look past the gifts and see the giver.
It is Jesus in fact that you seek when you dream of happiness; he is waiting for you when nothing else you find satisfies you; he is the beauty to which you are so attracted; it is he who provokes you with that thirst for fullness that will not let you settle for compromise; it is he who urges you to shed the masks of a false life; it is he who reads in your hearts your most genuine choices, the choices that others try to stifle. It is Jesus who stirs in you the desire to do something great with your lives, the will to follow an ideal, the refusal to allow yourselves to be grounded down by mediocrity, the courage to commit yourselves humbly and patiently to improving yourselves and society, making the world more human and more fraternal.
St John Paul II - Prayer Vigil at WYD
Summit of the Christian Life
"For the Son of God became man so that we might become God." (St. Athanasius)
Catechism of the Catholic Church #2012 - 2016
Fullness of the Christian Life = Perfection of Charity (Love)
Spiritual progress tends toward ever more intimate union with Christ.
The way of perfection passes by way of the Cross.
"He who climbs never stops going from beginning to beginning, through beginnings that have no end. He never stops desiring what he already knows."
Union with Christ
Where does he begin and I end? Where do I begin and he end?
Only by "losing yourself" do you find yourself. (Matt 10)
1. Gn 14 - Sacrifice of Melchizedek
2. Ex 12 - The Heavenly Bread of the New Passover
4. Ex 35 - The Heavenly Bread of the Presence
3. Ex 16 - Manna with which God fed the Israelites
1. Matt 14 - Multiplication of Loaves
2. Matt 26 - The "New Wine" in the Kingdom of God
3. Jn 2 - Wedding at Cana
Lamb for every household
Lamb must be a male w/o blemish
Eat the lamb with the unleavened bread
Blood shall protect the house
A memorial day remembering God's bringing them out of Egypt
"Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you."
A "fine flake-like thing."
Supernatural bread that did not spoil.
Ate the manna for forty years, till they came to a habitable land.
"Manna" means "What is it?"
Passover was at hand
Multiplied the loaves
Not food that perishes but food for eternal life
Not Moses but the Father
"I am the bread of life"
"The bread which I shall give... is my flesh."
"For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed."
"This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?"
1 Corinthians 11:23-32
Sat at table with the Twelve
Took... Gave thanks... Broke...
"This is my body which is given for you."
Do this in remembrance of me
"New covenant in my blood"
"Received from Lord... delivered to you."
Took... Gave thanks... Broke...
"This is my body which is for you."
Chalice is the new covenant in my blood
Do this... in remembrance of me
Guilty of profaning the body and blood of the Lord
Compassion... nothing to eat.
Desert... so great a crowd
Took... Given thanks... Broke...
Justin Martyr, 155 A.D.
To Pagan Emperor Antoninus Pius
On the day we call the day of the sun, all who dwell in the city or country gather in the same place.
The memoirs of the apostles and the writings of the prophets are read, as much as time permits.
When the reader has finished, he who presides over those gathered admonishes and challenges them to imitate these beautiful things.
Then we all rise together and offer prayers for ourselves . . .and for all others, wherever they may be, so that we may be found righteous by our life and actions, and faithful to the commandments, so as to obtain eternal salvation.
When the prayers are concluded we exchange the kiss.
Then someone brings bread and a cup of water and wine mixed together to him who presides over the brethren.
He takes them and offers praise and glory to the Father of the universe, through the name of the Son and of the Holy Spirit and for a considerable time he gives thanks (in Greek: eucharistian) that we have been judged worthy of these gifts.
When he has concluded the prayers and thanksgivings, all present give voice to an acclamation by saying: 'Amen.'
When he who presides has given thanks and the people have responded, those whom we call deacons give to those present the "eucharisted" bread, wine and water and take them to those who are absent.
Road to Emmaus
Jesus drew near but unrecognizable
Beginning with Moses... interpreted Scriptures
Took... Blessed... Broke...
Eyes were opened... disappeared
"Breaking of the Bread"
Order of the Mass
Google "USCCB Order of the Mass"
Fractio Panis in the Roman Catacomb of St. Priscilla
By St. Thomas Aquinas
Gather Around the Priest
In Persona Christi Capitis
CCC 1348 - "It is in representing him that the bishop or priest acting
in persona Christi capitis
presides over the assembly, speaks after the readings, receives the offerings, and says the Eucharistic Prayer."
Fr. Barron on the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist
Jesus' words effect and change reality
What is the Mass?
Ite missa est
of Roman Catholics
Liturgy of the Word & Liturgy of the Eucharist
Road to Emmaus
"thanksgiving" to God
The Lord's Supper -
The perfect liturgy of Christ into which we enter in
Most Blessed Sacrament -
The bread and wine truly are Jesus
Bread of Angels -
The Holy Sacrifice -
Entering into and offering of Christ to the Father
Jesus as THE Sacrifice
Genesis 22 - The Sacrifice of Isaac
Moriah? - 2 Chronicles 3
Why do we offer sacrifice to God?
What was the highpoint of Israelite life and what would happen?
What is the significance of John the Baptist in relation to Jesus?
What is the significance of calling Jesus the Lamb of God? The Temple?
What, therefore, is the mass?
Road to Emmaus
The bread and wine totally and substantially change into the body, blood, soul, and divinity of Jesus Christ.
Only the appearance of bread and wine remain of the bread and wine.
"Make holy, therefore, these gifts, we pray by sending down your Spirit upon them like the dew fall,
so that they may become for us the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ."
Take this, all of you, and eat it: this is my body which will be given up for you.
Take this all of you, and drink from it: this is the cup of my blood, the blood of the new and everlasting covenant.
It will be shed for you and for all men so that sins may be forgiven.
Do this in memory of me.
Eucharist is the Sacrifice of Christ...
... but it is also our sacrifice.
CCC #1368 -
The Eucharist is also the sacrifice of the Church
. The Church which is the Body of Christ participates in the offering of her Head. With him, she herself is offered whole and entire. She unites herself to his intercession with the Father for all men. In the Eucharist the sacrifice of Christ becomes also the sacrifice of the members of his Body. The lives of the faithful, their praise, sufferings, prayer, and work, are united with those of Christ and with his total offering, and so acquire a new value. Christ's sacrifice present on the altar makes it possible for all generations of Christians to be united with his offering.
Let's Connect Some Dots...
Separate sheep from goats
Sheep - those who tended to and loved Jesus in the poor
Goats - those who ignored Jesus in the poor
We have to discern our spiritual state to receive him
Can we receive him in the Eucharist and ignore him in the poor?
Doctrine of the Real Presence
The teaching that Jesus is truly and substantially present in the Eucharistic species.
It is 100% Jesus but under the appearance of bread and wine.
St. Ignatius of Antioch
"I have no taste for corruptible food nor for the pleasures of this life. I desire the bread of God, which is the flesh of Jesus Christ, who was of the seed of David; and for drink I desire his blood, which is love incorruptible" (Letter to the Romans 7:3 [A.D. 110]).
St. Irenaeus of Lyon
"If the Lord were from other than the Father, how could he rightly take bread, which is of the same creation as our own, and confess it to be his body and affirm that the mixture in the cup is his blood?" (Against Heresies 4:33–32 [A.D. 189]).
"Christ was carried in his own hands when, referring to his own body, he said, ‘This is my body’ [Matt. 26:26]. For he carried that body in his hands" (Explanations of the Psalms 33:1:10 [A.D. 405]).
St. Ignatius of Antioch
"I write to the Churches, and impress on them all, that I shall willingly die for God, unless you hinder me. I beseech of you not to show an unseasonable good-will towards me. Allow me to become food for the wild beasts, through whose instrumentality it will be granted me to attain to God. I am the wheat of God, and let me be ground by the teeth of the wild beasts, that I may be found the pure bread of Christ."
On his way to his martyrdom
Tantum Ergo Sacramentum