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Julius Caesar - Religious Beliefs

The religious and superstitious beliefs in Ancient Rome.
by

Julius Caesar

on 30 November 2012

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Transcript of Julius Caesar - Religious Beliefs

Religion in Ancient Rome Roman Deities Jupiter - King of the Gods (like Zeus) Juno - Goddess of Motherhood (like Hera) Neptune - God of the Sea (like Poseidon) Minerva - Goddess of Wisdom and Magic (like Athena) Mars - God of War (like Ares) Venus - Goddess of Love (like Aphrodite) Apollo - God of the Sun (like Apollo...) Diana - Goddess of the Moon and Hunt (like Artemis) Vulcan - God of Fire and Smithery (like Hephaestus) Vesta - Goddess of the Hearth (like Hestia) Mercury - God of Trade, Merchants and Travel (like Hermes) Ceres - Goddess of Agriculture (like Demeter) Pluto - God of the Underworld (like Hades) Gaia Uranus Saturn Ceres Juno Pluto Neptune Jupiter Vulcan Minerva Diana Apollo Mercury = = = Venus Mars = = Vesta Afterlife •The life expectancy was not that old so death was a big part in the Roman life. •The pater families would catch the last breath of the decedent, by inhaling deeply as the person died. •They would have a feast nine days after the funeral. •During the nine day period the house was believed to be cursed in a dangerous state called Funesta. Branches of yew or cypress were placed by the doors of houses to warn passersby and at the end of the mourning period. This would clear the house so it would not be haunted. •February 13th - February 21st : Parentalia
•May 9th, May 11th and May 13th : Lemuria •It was important to remember the dead souls on these days because Romans had strong beliefs of reincarnation. They could come back as an animal or human and see that the family was not mourning them and they will seek revenge. •The fate and destiny of the Roman person was decided by three goddesses, Moirai, Sudice, Parcae Fate and Destiny Functionaries •No separation between church and state. •The same men who were elected public officials served as priest. •Priests could get married and have children. •Julius Caesar became Pontifex Maximus before he was elected consul. •The augurs read the will of the gods. •In small communities the highest authority sponsored its cults and sacrifices. •Haruspices and oracles were available for consultation. Superstitions Religion or Superstition religion |rilijn| noun
-the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, esp. a personal God or gods superstition |soōprsti sh n| noun
-belief in and reverence for supernatural beings Divination & Animal Sacrifice - the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultist, standardized process or ritual - the people people who did this were called Soothsayers The soothsayers would sacrifce animals and read the entrails to be able to tell the future. The liver was of special importance for this. - divination teacher at Hogwarts Divination = =
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