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Pax Romana and the Fall of the Roman Empire
Transcript of Pax Romana and the Fall of the Roman Empire
Accomplishments of the Pax Romana
Roman harbors were improved and swamp land was drained to provide more farmland.
Realistic statues were being built which differed from Greek statues that were built to show more of a heroic or athletic figure.
Romans were building strong structures made from a concrete type material and used the architecture feature of a dome (Pantheon).
Laws were created where men were equal under the law and innocent before proven guilty.
Diocletian split the Roman Empire in two. He took over the eastern empire.
Rome was not in the eastern empire, and for the first time the power was not in the west.
When Constantine became emperor he reunited the Roman empire under his rule and moved the capital to the east and called it Constantinople (which is now Istanbul, Turkey).
Pax Romana and the Fall of the Roman Empire
Internal Causes for the Decline of the Roman Empire
Fall of the Roman Empire
All Roads Lead to Rome...
During the Pax Romana extensive roads were being built.
Augustus established the census which served as a way to count Roman citizens to analyze possible military strength and taxes that could be collected.
Massive aqueducts were being build to give Romans access to water.
Sewage systems were being built.
Bridges were being built.
Products were being brought in from all over the Empire (trade was growing).
Let's hear what Tim and Moby
say about the Pax Romana
Definition: "Peace of Rome." It began with Augustus Caesar and lasted about 200 years. During this period, Roman conflicts with outsiders were few and far between. It was a time of prosperity all through the Empire, as culture, law, and economic growth flourished.
The Split of the Empire
Let's read more about the split.
HMMM...What was the time called in Greece where things were really going well?
Empire grew too fast and and citizens lost the feeling of being responsible toward their gov't.
made efficient government difficult even under good rulers.
There was a lack of a fixed succession to being emperor. No one knew who should be the next emperor
When the empire split the best administrators and generals served in the eastern empire.
Government expenses were heavy and not even the heavy taxes helped. German invasions hurt trade and agriculture and made tax collection difficult.
Roads and bridges were left not repaired and there was an increase in crime. Trading declined because of this and the manufacturing of things suffered. Money lost its value and many areas were reduced to a bartering system.
Agriculture( the leading contributor to Roman society) suffered. Small farmers lost their lands and were forced to rent land from large landowners of flee to the cities where they forced to join the ranks of the unemployed.
Civic pride and loyalty was always important, especially in the Roman army. When foreigners began fighting in the Roman army, they didn't have the same loyalty. Because of this, they were no match for the German barbarians.
The mixture of cultures, religions and national groups were beneficial and harmful. The Romans could not absorb them and the barbarians didn't develop any real loyalty to the government.
There was a decline of morality and interest in gov't. Troops began deserting the army and their frontier posts.
Christianity was on the uprise. It preached against the worship of an emperor and war which weakens the gov't and the army.
Slaves were unhappy and were always wanting to revolt.
Lead plumbing and pewter dishware led to health issues. The birthrate in the later empire was on the decline because of the lead poisoning and other health issues.
External Causes of the decline of the Roman Empire: The Barbarians
Invaders(Huns from Asia) overran the borders of Rome. The Gothic tribes of Europe asked Rome for help. The Romans gave them permission to cross the Danube River and promised to support them, but they failed to live up to their promise so the German tribesman defeated the Roman army and a flood of barbarians entered into Rome.
The Huns, Franks, Visogoths and others entered the empire and the Visigoths captured Rome. Other Germanic tribes captured large parts of the Roman Empire. This is when the Western Roman Empire collapsed.
The barbarians lived in the frontiers during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire but not until the empire began to decline were they able to break through the frontiers.