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The Harlem Renaissance: Art
Transcript of The Harlem Renaissance: Art
and James VanDerZee. A new sense of racial dignity for black artists, musicians, and writers resulted from the movement Between 1916-1940 Harlem, New York stimulated an immense appreciation for African American culture and art, that began to spread internationally Many artists during this time were influenced by jazz music and folk traditions, as well as hardships and slavery Background Information Aaron Douglas “Father of African-American art” ( 1899-1979 ) 1922: received a Bachelors Degree in fine arts Moved to New York City in 1925 Contributed art of African-American life and struggles to magazines such as "Opportunity" Many of his works featured bold silhouetted figures influenced by Art Deco and designs of ancient Egyptian art 1927: became an illustrator for James Weldon Johnson's poetic work, God's Trombone 1930: was hired to paint mural for the Fisk University, where he later became head of the art department 1933: Created his first solo art show featuring his most famous work, “Aspects of Negro Life” Augusta Christine Fells ( 1892-1962 ) Most of her works were damaged, but some still exist today " Augusta Savage" An African American sculptor and teacher As a child, she crafted small shapes from clay early 1920s: attended Cooper Union School of Art, finishing the four year requirement in three years 1923: was denied the ability to study in France because of her race Late 1920s: Earned a Julius Rosenwald Fellowship for her sculpture, "Gamin" Early 1930s: established and taught at an art school in Harlem 1937: became the first director of Harlem Community Art Center James VanDerZee ( 1886-1983 ) received a Living Legacy Award from President Jimmy Carter and an honorary doctorate from Howard University. known for his detailed imagery of middle-class African American life learned to play the violin when he was younger later began photography when he won an eight-dollar camera from selling pink and yellow sachets. took hundreds of pictures of Harlem’s growing middle- class. 1916: chose photography over his musical career and opened his first studio During his career, he captured children going to school, church groups, wedding couples, parades, and clothing Some of his photos showcased special effects Evolution In mid and late 1930’s, federal arts projects encouraged the new generation of African American Artists. Prior to World War I, African American artists didn’t focus on African American subjects. During the 1920’s artists began to turn towards the traditional art of Africa and folk art. By the Great Depression, artists were forced to return to America and New York became the center of art by the 1930’s Influence exhibited bold, stylized portraits and scenes from a variety of perspectives used clay, mud and bronze to create comparable representations displayed realism, symbolism and typical African American lifestyles which have influenced artists to this day Kristy Yeung, Samantha Barragan, Crystal Choy, Kyrsten Proctor, Sharon Nguyen, Rachel Leung, Nancy Chin a church helped pay for him to go to art school most of his sculptures were of African American men attended the art institute of Chicago but then got transferred to New York became depressed after moving to Jamaica 1975: moved to California where he died 14 years later in 1989 completed a forty-foot statue for the city of Port au Prince, Haiti began painting at a very young age and later became a prominent sculptor Richmond Barthé ( 1901-1989 )