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Ch. 16 & 17 Buddhism

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rich canacci

on 17 February 2013

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Transcript of Ch. 16 & 17 Buddhism

Chapter 16
The Story of Buddhism
Chapter 17
The First Unification
of India 16.1 Introduction
the teachings of the Buddha (awakened one)
Siddhartha Gautama lived from 563-483 BC
as a young prince he walked away from his royal life and went into search for spiritual peace
he found great truths that he shared with others which began the religion of Buddhism
Different from Hinduism
not based on rituals or beliefs in many gods, instead it was a way of life
based on simple teachings that embraced all people (no like caste system)
teaches how to reach enlightenment (happiness) through knowledge of deep truth
once enlightenment was reached one’s soul would no longer be reborn 16.2 Prince Siddhartha’s Birth
before he was born the queen had a dream that was interpreted by Brahmins
the child would be a great man with 2 possible paths, he could be a great ruler or, if he left the royal life and saw the suffering in the world, he would become a Buddha (enlightened one)
at birth the infant prince looked a few years old, could already walk & talk, and spoke these words declaring “I am the leader of the world and the guide to the world” 16.3 The Prince’s Royal Life
the king wanted his son to be a great ruler a and was worried about the Brahmins predictions so he protected his son from the horrors of the world
the prince was provided with only the finest things, servants took care of his every need
at 16 he was married to a beautiful noblewoman and they lived in perfect peace for a dozen years
when he turned 29 they had a son 16.4 The Prince Discovers Three Forms of Suffering
after Siddhartha became a father he began to travel outside the royal palaces
he was deeply troubled by the discovery of aging, sickness and death
he met a man who was an ascetic (one who gives up worldly possessions to find inner peace and calm)
“To be free of suffering, one must give up the desires, pleasures, and comforts of the world. I find peace by helping others find peace.” 16.5 The Prince Becomes an Ascetic
experiences with suffering changed him forever
he decided to give up his old life & find enlightenment
he met other ascetics and live on alms (goods given to the poor) and attempted to reach enlightenment through meditation (sit quietly & focus the mind on spiritual questions)
he denied his body of many basic needs; sleep, shelter, food for days at a time to find spiritual truth through self-denial
he became unhappy with this way of living and hadn’t yet found enlightenment 16.6 The Prince Becomes the Buddha
Prince Siddhartha decided he would balance himself between the extremes of pleasure & pain and find enlightenment through the “middle way”
at the foot of the Bodhi tree he reached nirvana (true happiness & peace) and became the Buddha
the Four Noble Truths he discovered were the basis of his teachings; Buddhism 16.7 The Buddha’s Teachings
behind the idea of the Four Noble Truths is the understanding that all things change
to end suffering one must travel The Eight Fold Path which follows the "middle way"
Buddha could selfishly pass into enlightenment but instead he chose to stay and teach others the path he found 17.1 Introduction
Indian leader, King Ashoka, used Buddhist values to unify India
under the Mauryan Empire (from 322-187 BC) fought wars to build the empire
change came under Ashoka who turned to peaceful ways of keeping India united
seeing his family’s wars kill & enslave numerous people at one battle he swore to give up violence & created an empire based on Buddhist values
he spread Buddhist beliefs through edicts (official messages carved on walls, rocks, & pillars) 17.2 The Mauryas Unify India
Chandragupta Maurya was the first leader to unite India
in the 320s BC the Mauryan Empire united the numerous small northern Indian kingdoms through force
he kept the empire strong through harsh forceful rule, created a strong central government & built thousands of miles of royal roads
towards the end of his life he gave up his power, became an ascetic, lived in poverty & traveled with monks (holy men)
his grandson, King Ashoka, grew the empire even larger Chapter 17
Buddhism and the First Unification of India 17.3 Ashoka’s Rule
the Mauryan Empire reached its height during King Ashoka’s rule from 269-232 BC
he made a decision to reject violence, embrace Buddhism values of love, peace, & nonviolence becoming a vegetarian, gave up wars of conquest & never again would he fight
Ashoka spread Buddhist values by example beyond India to Ceylon (modern day Sri Lanka) when he sent his son, Mahinda who converted the king to Buddhism which became the official faith of the island kingdom 17.4 Ashoka’s Edicts
Ashoka wanted a strong united empire guided by Buddhist values spread to the people through edicts (commands obeyed like law) carved into walls, rocks, pillars in public places to be read by the greatest number of people
Four Goals
Buddhist Values promoted the Buddha’s teachings
General Welfare promoted people’s well being
Justice concerned with fair laws
Security concerned with enemies of the empire dealt with in peace
Buddhism spread to central Asia, China, Korea, & Japan
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