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POEMS AND CORESPONDENCE
Transcript of POEMS AND CORESPONDENCE
They Ask Me For Verses
Also known as "
Me Piden Versos
When Rizal arrived in Madrid, he joined
Upon a request of one of the member in the society, Rizal wrote a poem entitled “They Ask Me For Verses”
He personally declaimed it during the New Year’s eve
Dec. 31, 1882
This poem talks about Rizal’s memories from the past that he cherished. He also talks about the place where he originated and from, which is Philippines.
In Memories of My Town
when he was 15 years of age
He wrote this for
, his beloved hometown
The poem In Memory of My Town by Jose Rizal is about the poet reminiscing about his childhood. It talks about what he used to to as a child and the people he spent time with. It also describes the sensations he felt as a child.
Hymn to Labor
Flowers among Flowers
To My Fellow Children
Also known as
"Sa Aking Mga Kababata"
It was written in
when Rizal was 8 years old
It was intended to his fellow Filipinos
In the poem, Rizal says that people who truly love their native language will surely strive for liberty
All of the languages in the world are equal and there should be no hierarchy. For language is not only a communication tool but the expression of one's identity
My First Inspiration
Also known as
Mi Primera Inspiracion.
Rizal wrote the poem My First Inspiration on
First poem written by Dr. Jose Rizal during his third academic year in Ateneo de Municipal. He was delighted to see his mother, Doña Teodora Alonso, released from prison that same year so he dedicated the poem to her.
Also known as
Adios A Leonor
“Goodbye to Leonor” was written by Jose Rizal for his lady love, Leonor Rivera who was only 13 years old when Rizal met her in Dagupan.
To The Virgin Mary
The poem shows Gratitude for whatever he had is a powerful prayer or calling to the Virgin Mary
To The Child Jesus
Also know as "
Al Niño Jesus
It was written in
when he was 14 years old
He wrote this poem to show his devotion to his Catholic faith
To The Filipino Youth
Also known as "
A La Juventud Filipina
In the year
, Rizal was 18 years of age, Artistic-Literary Lyceum of Manila held a literary contest
It was dedicated to the Filipino youth
Theme, “Grow, O Timid Flower”
In this poem, he won the first prize, a silver pen
This winning poem of Rizal is a classic in Philippine literature for two reasons:
when he was 14 right after he wrote the ode “To The Child Jesus”
The poem felt that if he wrote his prayer down and got it published, Mother Mary
protect him even more by witnessing Jesus through his mother
It was written by Rizal before he left Lipa
He wrote this poem for the laborers in Lipa
Jose Rizal’s patriotism is shown in this poem where he urge his fellowmen to strive and work for their country whether in war or in peace.
The main idea of the poem is that everybody has a role to play, and everybody should stick to their role.
This poem had been originally written in Spanish, but was translated into English by Nick Joaquin, another great Filipino writer.
The 48-line verse talks of a romantic love for a girl, which is not surprising because Rizal had a lot of girlfriends.
The metaphor of a flower is obviously a girl who is more beautiful than all the girls in her group that’s why it’s entitled Flower Among Flowers.
Mi Ultimo Adios
Also known as the “Huling Paalam”
It is written on the eve of his execution on 30 December 1896
The piece was one of the last notes he wrote before he was killed through firing squad; another that he had written was found in his shoe but because the text was illegible, its contents remain a mystery.
The poem 'My Last Farewell' was Jose Rizal's patriotic goodbyes, first to his country, his family and above all to his Heavenly Father. To his country he said, 'With gladness do I give you my life.' He tried to comfort his parents and dear ones with these lines: 'I'll go where there are no slaves, tyrants or hangmen; Where faith does not kill and where God alone does reign.' The last line of the poem says: 'To die is to rest.'
Hymn to Talisay
Also known as
Himno A Talisay.
Jose Rizal spent his days in Dapitan with his pupils and he taught them not to be afraid of anything including the ghosts on the balete trees.
Hymn to talisay was written by Rizal for his pupils to sing while they rendezvous under the talisay tree. However, the Spaniard find the poem subversive, having this poem being used by his opponents against him during his trial.
The poem speaks of hope for tomorrow, despite of the late education. The children believes that despite of being children, they will be their families guardian by means of education.
Kundiman was wrote on
September 12, 1891
by Jose Rizal.
A kundiman is actually a traditional Filipino love song used by young man to serenade the woman of his love.
The Theme of Rizal’s kundiman is his intense love for his Motherland.
His words reflected his optimism that Philippines would be freed from injustice and bondage
They kept a long distance relationship by sending letters and photographs to one another but their love affair was strongly disapproved byLeonor’s parents.
Later on Rizal’s sweetheart for 11 years was married to Henry Kipping which saddened Rizal terribly, thus this melancholic poem for Leonor.
He wrote this poem as a goodbye, to Leonor Rivera for his departure to Europe.
Miss C.O. y R.
Also known as
A la Señorita C. O. y R.
Jose Rizal dedicated this poem Miss Consuelo Ortiga y Rey, Daughter of the Mr. Pablo Ortiga y Rey who was the vice president of the Council of the Philippines in Madrid. Many Filipinos Habitually visited his house while in Madrid.
The poem was written in
August 22, 1883
Rizal backed out on this relationship because he wanted to be loyal to Leonor Rivera.
The poem speaks of Rizal not being happy and definitely confused on the relationship he has with Consuelo.
Education Gives Luster To Motherland
A Tribute To My Town
April 1, 1876
This poem denotes the essence of education
“And like the golden sun of the morn
Whose rays resplendent shedding gold,
And like fair aurora of gold and red
She overspreads her colors bold;
Such true education proudly gives
The pleasure of virtue to young and old
And she enlightens out Motherland dear
As she offers endless glow and luster. "
Rizal tried to describe his life as a youth in the bosom of his birth place.
see how he really admired and loved his country, how he wants his country to be perfect living place for his people and have the freedom to do things in own place.
he showed his own nationalism and thankfulness in a place which nurtured him to become a true Filipino.
A Poem That Has No Title
“To my Creator I singWho did soothe me in my great loss;
To the Merciful and KindWho in my troubles gave me repose.”
It was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino, whose merit was recognized by Spanish literary authorities
It expressed for the first time the nationalistic concept that the Filipinos, and not the foreigners, were the “Fair hope of the fatherland”
Written November 14, 1874
As a birthday greeting to the husband of his sister Narcisa
He wrote it while he was still in Ateneo
Written April 24, 1886 while he was in Germany
This poem denotes both his love of Heidelberg , and his intense love and home-sickness for his own country.
To The Flowers Of Heidelberg
Likened to a golden sun and aurora
Young and old benefit from it
Life full of pain and difficulty
Presence of God
“Thou with that pow'r of thineSaid: Live! And with life myself I found;And shelter gave me thouAnd a soul impelled to the goodLike a compass whose point to the North is bound.”
Before he was born
Having good will
“Thou did make me descendFrom honorable home and respectable stock,And a homeland thou gavest meWithout limit, fair and richThough fortune and prudence it does lack.”
Being in a respectable and honorable family
Being in a country without limit
Having the burden of the nation’s lack of prudence and fortune
My Last Thought
Mi Último Pensamiento
On the eve of his execution ,
Dec. 29, 1896
Was published in La Independencia on
Sept. 25, 1898
with the title "Ultimo Adios“
Rizal's final farewell to the land he so adored before being executed
It was intended to serve as a rallying cry to his fellow patriots who opposed the Spanish subjugation.
Originally written in Tagalog when he was 8 years old
a call for people to claim their nation as their own
It is not to say that the nation is better than others- but rather that it is on the same footing.
Taken from this poem is Rizal’s most famous quote : ”Ang hindi magmahal sa sariling wika, daig pa ang hayop at malansang isda.”
Written during his exile in Dapitan, Zamboanga
Portrays his loneliness in the still of the night, where only the sounds of the waves of the sea, the chirping of the birds and other night insects could be heard.
Dr. Rizal only expresses his longing for his family, his love ones while alone during his exile.
Our Mother Tongue
Song of the Wanderer
The poem is dedicated to Rizal himself
Even though he’s a wanderer being cast out, his brilliance and bravery are reflected in his works and heroism.
His name is etched in history and in peoples’ hearts
The Song of Maria Clara
It is located in Rizal’s novel Noli me Tangere
A song of Maria Clara in the novel, hence, the name
It is about one’s utmost love in his motherland
"How, God-Child hast Thou come
To earth in cave forlorn?
Does Fortune now deride Thee
When Thou art scarcely born?
Ah, woe! Celestial King,
Who mortal from dost keep
Woulds’t rather than be Sovereign
Be Shepherd of Thy Sheep?"